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HER Number:MDV125618
Name:Part of the Clystwicon Estate Boundary, Sowton

Summary

Part of the boundary of the Clystwicon estate which is described in a late 11th century document. It is not clear if the boundary followed the line of the present road and parish boundary (this monument) or deviated to the north. However, such boundaries often became parish boundaries and the word 'straet' implies a Roman road.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 974 910
Map Sheet:SX99SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishClyst St. George
Civil ParishClyst St. Mary
Civil ParishSowton
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCLYST HONITON
Ecclesiastical ParishCLYST ST.MARY
Ecclesiastical ParishSOWTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ROAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD (Between))
  • BOUNDARY (First mentioned, XI - 1001 AD to 1100 AD (Between))

Full description

Margary, I. D., 1967, Roman Roads in Britain, 23, 25, 26, 117 (Monograph). SDV24025.

The course of the Roman road from Charmouth to Exeter (southern route) followed the approximate course of the A3052 past Clyst St Mary. It then followed Quarry Lane into Exeter. Parish boundaries follow its course for a large part of the route.
Margary states that the agger of a Roman road was useful in delimiting the boundaries of Saxon estates and which often developed into parish boundaries. A 'straet' in Saxon times was a road with a paved or metalled surface, that is a Roman road.


Alcock, N. W., 1971, The Clystwicon Charter, 27, Fig. 1 (Article in Serial). SDV339912.

Postulated as part of the boundary of the Clystiwicon estate, described in a late 11th century document. The boundary clause is translated as running from the Clyst on the old dyke from the street (straet) to the head of the sedgy moor. Alock suggests (Fig. 1) that the boundary ran from the Clyst in a straight line to SX97909095, thus deviating from the line of the present road and the parish boundary. The 'street' must be the main road but it is not clear if this has always been on the present line; the growth of Clyst St Mary village having obscured the original topography.


Ordnance Survey, 2019, MasterMap 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362729.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV24025Monograph: Margary, I. D.. 1967. Roman Roads in Britain. Roman Roads in Britain. Hardback Volume. 23, 25, 26, 117.
SDV339912Article in Serial: Alcock, N. W.. 1971. The Clystwicon Charter. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 103. A5 Paperback. 27, Fig. 1.
SDV362729Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2019. MasterMap 2019. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #117296 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV15509Related to: Part of the Clystwicon Estate Boundary, Sowton (Monument)
MDV115594Related to: Roman Road from Charmouth to Exeter (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Mar 28 2019 5:07PM