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HER Number:MDV125904
Name:Hut in eastern settlement at Shaugh Moor

Summary

A hut circle of probable Bronze Age date is recorded from field investigation and aerial survey as a circular hollow or terrace enclosed by an earthwork bank, one of three incorporated into the perimeter of an oval enclosure on the north-facing slopes of Shaugh Moor. The hut circle is clearly identifiable as a recently excavated feature on aerial photographs of 1964 and digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2016.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 559 635
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56SE43
  • Pastscape: 439232

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1190, RAF/106G/UK/1190 RS 4234-4235 27-FEB-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363067.

A circular feature is visible as an earthwork.

Royal Air Force, 1964, RAF/58/6399, RAF/58/6399 F64 0382-0383 02-JUL-1964 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363068.

A circular feature is visible as a recently excavated earthwork.

Smith, K., 1980, Typescript notes and plan of Shaugh Moor (Un-published). SDV138646.

There is an incomplete enclosure north-west of the main enclosure. It comprises a ruinous arc of walling associated with three hut circles.
The north-east hut is well preserved with an entrance facing south that is defined by two door jambs. The liners are preserved around the inner wall face and its floor is strewn with small blocks. The hut has an internal diameter of 7.5 metres and was excavated by the Plymouth City Museum Archaeology Group under the direction of J. Barber. Post holes were found beneath the hut wall representing either an earlier hut or timber-lacing for the wall. An arc of post-holes indicated a wind-break outside the hut entrance. The excavation produced charcoal, flint flakes and a scraper and pebbles.

Fletcher, M. + Probert, S., 1998, Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey (Report - Survey). SDV343481.

(Visited 03/12/1997) To the north-west of the complete enclosure, an `annex' comprises three hut circles each linked by a curvilinear boulder/stone wall.
SX55936352. This hut measures 11.0 metres in diameter with a level interior 7.4 metres across. The walling comprises a boulder/stone core with internal and external facing slabs on average 0.6 metres high. The entrance marked by two orthostats is in the south-west quadrant.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 31-MAY-2016 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A circular feature is visible as a stone faced earthwork.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5563 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

A circular feature is identifiable as an earthwork.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, SM28 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 08/09/2019. The site description is good with no noted changes. Although the hut is 90% covered in bracken the site is stable with no damage being caused. The orthostat stones are clearly visible. Photos taken

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, SM28 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 08/09/2019. 2 X photos taken. 1) looking north showing the entrance orthostat stones 2) looking south giving an overall view of the hut from the bank

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A bank up to circa 2.5m wide is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, defining a roughly circular hollow or terrace approximately 8m across. A line of stonework is visible on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2016 on both the inner and outer face of this bank.
This circular structure is interpreted as the remains of a hut circle of Bronze Age date, one of three incorporated into the perimeter bank of an oval enclosure on the north-facing slopes of Shaugh Moor (MDV127096).
The hut circle is visible as a recently excavated feature on aerial photographs of 1964.
Despite the low resolution of the available data, the hut circle remains identifiable as an earthwork on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV138646Un-published: Smith, K.. 1980. Typescript notes and plan of Shaugh Moor. Unknown.
SDV343481Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Probert, S.. 1998. Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5563 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM28.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363067Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1190. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/106G/UK/1190 RS 4234-4235 27-FEB-1946.
SDV363068Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. RAF/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/58/6399 F64 0382-0383 02-JUL-1964.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM28.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 31-MAY-2016. [Mapped feature: #123386 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV127096Part of: Enclosed hut circle settlement, Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV2440Part of: Enclosed hut circle settlement, Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV125906Related to: Hut in eastern settlement at Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV125905Related to: Hut in eastern settlement at Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV127095Related to: Hut or prospecting pit within oval enclosure, Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV125907Related to: Hut within eastern settlement at Shaugh Moor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4967 - Survey of Shaugh Moor
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 20 2019 5:38PM