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HER Number:MDV126275
Name:Enclosure north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House

Summary

An enclosed hut circle settlement of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date is visible defined by stony earthwork banks on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017. The enclosure contains a possible hut circle. It is one of at least six such enclosures incorporated into a later, probably medieval field system north and west of Trowlesworthy Warren House.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 566 647
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/90
  • Old SAM Ref: 24232
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Former Type) ENCLOSURE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • ENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD)

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Enclosure visible on 19th century map with the northern and eastern sides represented by a wall.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Enclosure shown on early 20th century map.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 4290-4291 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Curvilinear banks are visible as earthworks.

National Monument Record, 1976, SX5664, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV175071.

Photograph taken on 8th April 1976.

Price, D. G., 1977, Settlement at Trowlesworthy Warren, 44, Figure 1 (Article in Serial). SDV150433.

Two internal hut circles 8-9 metres in diameter in enclosure. Stone-free interior and a marked lynchet dividing the pound into two parts. Massive stones and boulders, plus a high mound in places.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Agglomerated enclosure visible, of two elements, containing one hut circle.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140624, (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 1st April 1995. Two enclosures at SX 5652 6479 and SX 5658 6482. Agglomerated enclosure forming part of a partially enclosed hut settlement. At least two distinct enclosed areas are visible. The relationship between the enclosures indicates that the western enclosure was built first. Enclosure B which is irregular in shape, measures 63 metres by at least 55 metres and is defined by a 4.0 metre wide partly faced rubble wall standing up to 0.4 metres high. Two hut circles lie within the enclosure. The southern part of the enclosure has been removed by a post-medieval field and therefore its original extent is unknown.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 159-160, Map 51 Figure 51.3 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Prehistoric Enclosure 'E' south-west of Shadyback Tor is too badly damaged for the complete plan to be established. One double hut circle exists in Enclosure 'F'.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 57, 102 156b (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Enclosure wall at SX56606485 encloses an area 63 metres by 55 metres with a wall 0.5 metres high and contains a hut circle. It is disturbed by a later field boundaries and interupted by a track from the southeast end. The turf covered bank contains a few large stones and a drain followa along the north side.

Environment Agency WMS, 1998-2016, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution) (Cartographic). SDV360209.

Most of the boundary visible on Lidar data.

Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5664 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

Curvilinear banks are identifiable as spread earthworks.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5664 03-MAY-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Curvilinear banks are visible as earthworks.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345521.

Northern part of enclosure visible on survey

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Some of the boundary visible on aerial photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2019, MasterMap 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362729.

Most of enclosure shown on modern mapping.

National Monuments Record, 2019, Pastscape, 439175, SX56SE24 (Website). SDV362732.

Centred SX 56586482 are two adjoining sub-circular enclosures each containing a single hut circle. They lie in open ground between two later fields 150 metres west of Trowlesworthy Warren House. All prehistoric features have been robbed for walling stone in later periods.
The eastern enclosure measures 49 metres north to south by 65 metres and contains a hut circle at SX 56596482. This hut measures 5.6 metres north to south by 4.6 metres in internally diameter with walls 0.8 metres wide and a maximum of 0.7 metres high with an entrance in the south side.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

Stony banks are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs of 1946, digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017 as earthworks circa 3m wide to very spread banks up to 9m across, defining an irregularly shaped enclosure up to approximately 89m across, to the north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House.
A roughly circular banked hollow circa 6m and 8m across is visible within the enclosure.
The visible earthworks are interpreted as the remains of a probable hut circle settlement of Bronze Age to Iron Age date, one of at least six such enclosures incorporated into a later, probably medieval field system north and west of Trowlesworthy Warren House.
The banked circular hollow within the enclosure is interpreted as a possible hut circle.
The enclosure abuts and probably post-dates a similar if smaller oval enclosure to the west (MDV2544).
The southern half of the enclosure appears to have been incorporated into and overlain by a later, probably medieval field system (MDV14369), but the enclosure bank survives within the later plot to be identifiable as a subtle spread earthwork on lidar derived visualisations.
The possible hut circle is recorded separately.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 159-160, Map 51 Figure 51.3.
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 57, 102 156b.
SDV150433Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1977. Settlement at Trowlesworthy Warren. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 109. 44, Figure 1.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 4290-4291 10-DEC-1946.
SDV175071Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1976. SX5664. 1.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140624,.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV345521Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV360209Cartographic: Environment Agency WMS. 1998-2016. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX5664 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017. [Mapped feature: #123255 ]
SDV362729Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2019. MasterMap 2019. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV362732Website: National Monuments Record. 2019. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 439175, SX56SE24.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5664 03-MAY-2007.

Associated Monuments

MDV56789Parent of: Hut Circle west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2544Related to: Enclosure with hut west of Trowlesworthy Warren House (Monument)
MDV14369Related to: Medieval field system at Trowelsworthy Warren Farm, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV14148Related to: Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7369 - Survey of Granite Loading Bays at Trowlesworthy, Devon
  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Apr 14 2020 9:41AM