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HER Number:MDV126325
Name:Prehistoric enclosure north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior

Summary

An enclosure of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date is visible as stony earthwork banks on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017. It is one of at least six such enclosures incorporated into a later, probably medieval field system north and west of Trowlesworthy Warren House.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 565 650
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/48
  • Old SAM Ref: 24232

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Enclosure shown on 19th century map with short sections of walls extending to north-west and north-east.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Enclosures' shown on early 20th century map.

National Monument Record, 1976, SX5664, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV175071.

Photograph taken on 8th April 1976.

Price, D. G., 1977, Settlement at Trowlesworthy Warren, 44, Figure 1 (Article in Serial). SDV150433.

Enclosures, the walls are quite clearly defined and are composed of large stones reaching an average height of 0.8 metres with an average width of 2.5 metres.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140611 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 2nd April 1995. At SX56636496, SX5659 6496 and SX56576503. This agglomerated enclosure forms part of a partially enclosed stone hut settlement. At least 3 distinct enclosed areas are visible. The relationship between the enclosures is not clear but the ground plan would suggest that 'B' is primary, with the remaining two being added later.
Enclosure C, the northernmost within the group, at SX56576503 includes a sub rectangular area measuring 67 metres by 56 metres and is defined by a 2 metre wide orthostat and rubble wall standing up to 1.5 metres high. There are no hut circles visible within this enclosure. Three lengths of boundary bank lead from this enclosure and these represent parts of fields added to the enclosure.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 159, Map 51, Figure 51.3 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Shadyback Tor settlements include Prehistoic Enclosure'D' linked to the clitter below the Tor rocks shown with two vermin traps, two ditches and a pillow mound but no hut circles.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 65, 102 175 (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

One of three sub-rectangular interconnecting enclosures. This enclosure measures 67 metres by 56 metres with walls 2 metres wide by up to 1.5 metres high. The wall is very ruinous with many gaps and composed of boulders and occasional orthostats. The wall has been breached by vermin traps in the east and west sides and a pillow mound is also situated within the enclosure.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Enclosure visible on aerial photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2019, MasterMap 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362729.

Enclosure shown on modern mapping.

National Monuments Record, 2019, Pastscape, 439169, SX56SE22 (Website). SDV362732.

An enclosed settlement, consisting of three adjoining enclosures.
Enclosure (a) at SX56586496 is an ovoid enclosure 70 metres by 55 metres covering 0.3 hectares. It is built of double orthostatic walling, 1.1 metres wide mostly in poor condition. Coursing on the south side suggests that this section is a later re-building. The partly cleared interior contains two hut circles.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 159, Map 51, Figure 51.3.
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 65, 102 175.
SDV150433Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1977. Settlement at Trowlesworthy Warren. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 109. 44, Figure 1.
SDV175071Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1976. SX5664. 1.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140611.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV362729Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2019. MasterMap 2019. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV362732Website: National Monuments Record. 2019. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 439169, SX56SE22.

Associated Monuments

MDV14369Related to: Medieval field system at Trowelsworthy Warren Farm, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV56834Related to: Pillow Mound within Prehistoric Enclosure in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV127064Related to: Prehistoric hut circle enclosure north of Trowlesworthy Warren House (Monument)
MDV15287Related to: Prehistoric hut circle settlement north of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV56780Related to: Prehistoric hut circle settlement north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2466Related to: Prehistoric hut circle settlement north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV14148Related to: Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV3411Related to: Vermin Trap on the east side of Enclosure in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV3413Related to: Vermin Trap on west side of Prehistoric Enclosure in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7369 - Survey of Granite Loading Bays at Trowlesworthy, Devon
  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey

Date Last Edited:Dec 9 2019 2:47PM