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HER Number:MDV12658
Name:Prehistoric Cairn on Crownhill Down

Summary

A mound, probably a cairn of later prehistoric date, is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs of 1979 and digital on images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2014 on the north-western edge of Crownhill Down. The mound has been destroyed by the expansion of by modern open cast mining.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 562 598
Map Sheet:SX55NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishSparkwell
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishPLYMPTON ST.MARY

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 910300
  • National Monuments Record: SX5659/2
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX55NE/31

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Former Type) CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Pile of Stones' shown on 19th century map on the parish boundary between Shaugh Prior and Sparkwell.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Pile of Stones' shown on early 20th century map.


Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1978, NMR 1247, NMR 1247/132-133 31-MAY-1978 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363091.

A mound is visible as an earthwork.


National Monuments Record, 1978, SX5659/2, 127-9 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV337247.


Edwards, C., 1979, An archaeological survey of an area surrounding Hemerdon Ball (Report - Survey). SDV337241.

Cairn on slopes of Crownhill Down visited on 18th June 1979. One of three Prehistoric cairns marking the Sparkwell/Shaugh Prior parish boundary shown as 'Pile of Stones' on Ordnance Survey maps (see Monument IDs 12654 & 12656). Diameter 6 meters, height 0.5 meters.


AMAX, 1982, The Hemerdon Project. Archaeological Sites (Plan - measured). SDV149232.

Prehistoric cairn shown on the Shaugh Prior & Sparkwell parish boundary.


Devon County Council, 1982, Untitled Source (Plan - measured). SDV337246.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, SX55NE (Cartographic). SDV337243.

One possible cairn visible - not very upstanding, as seen on 1978 aerial photograph. Marked as 'Pile of Stones' on Ordnance Survey maps.


Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5659 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

A mound is visible as an earthwork.


National Monuments Record, 2002, 910300 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV343957.

Cairn on Crownhill Down. Mound at SX56265981 used as a boundary marker. Other details: NMR Number 910300.


Fletcher, M., 2002, The Archaeological Landscape of Crownhill Down and Ridding Down: Survey Report, 4 (Report - Survey). SDV343412.

Other details: Figure 3 and Crownhill Down Survey.


English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West (Report - non-specific). SDV342694.

Generally satisfactory but with significant localised problems. Principal vulnerability scrub and tree growth.


English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West, 102 (Report - non-specific). SDV344777.


Google, 2019, Google Earth Pro, EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 22-JUN-2018 ACCESSED 04-JUL-2019 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363088.

The mound has been destroyed by the expansion of by modern open cast mining.


Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A circular mound approximately 6m in diameter is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs of 1979 on the north-western edge of Crownhill Down.
The mound is interpreted as a cairn of later prehistoric date. It remains visible as an earthwork on digital on images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2014 but has been destroyed by the expansion of by modern open cast mining.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149232Plan - measured: AMAX. 1982. The Hemerdon Project. Archaeological Sites. Map (Paper).
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337241Report - Survey: Edwards, C.. 1979. An archaeological survey of an area surrounding Hemerdon Ball. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Report. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV337243Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. SX55NE. Air Photographs Unit. Map (Paper).
SDV337246Plan - measured: Devon County Council. 1982. Plan.
SDV337247National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 1978. SX5659/2. National Monuments Record Index. Card Index. 127-9.
SDV342694Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West. English Heritage Report. A4 Bound +Digital.
SDV343412Report - Survey: Fletcher, M.. 2002. The Archaeological Landscape of Crownhill Down and Ridding Down: Survey Report. English Heritage Report. AI/31/2002. A4 Stapled + Digital. 4.
SDV343957National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2002. 910300. National Monuments Record Index. A4 Single Sheet + Digital.
SDV344777Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2010. Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West. English Heritage Report. Digital. 102.
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX5659 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363088Aerial Photograph: Google. 2019. Google Earth Pro. Various. Digital. EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 22-JUN-2018 ACCESSED 04-JUL-2019.
SDV363091Aerial Photograph: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1978. NMR 1247. NMR Aerial Photograph. NMR 1247/132-133 31-MAY-1978.

Associated Monuments

MDV12782Related to: Medieval Field System on west side of Crownhill Down (Monument)
MDV12654Related to: Prehistoric Cairn in the Barrow Cemetery on the Western Slope of Crownhill Down (Monument)
MDV12656Related to: Prehistoric Cairn in the Barrow Cemetery on the Western Slope of Crownhill Down (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4559 - Archaeological Landscape of Crownhill Down and Riddding Down
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Jul 4 2019 7:04PM