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HER Number:MDV12660
Name:Possible Barrow on Crownhill Down

Summary

Recorded as Barrow D, this mound is one of four in a row with another barrow to the north interpreted as forming a Prehistoric barrow cemetery on the western slope of Crownhill Down. The mound is not archaeological in origin.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 566 598
Map Sheet:SX55NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishSparkwell
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishPLYMPTON ST.MARY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 438411
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX55NE/32
  • Old SAM County Ref: Part of 1027 A-G

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • NON ANTIQUITY (Unknown date)
  • (Former Type) BARROW (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Edwards, C., 1979, An archaeological survey of an area surrounding Hemerdon Ball, 18 (Report - Survey). SDV337241.

Visited 11th July 1979. Four barrows run west from the cairn at SX56795987, forming a small linear cemetery, difficult to define in terms of measurements, they all roughly conform to diameter 6 metres, height 0.2metres. The line they form falls just to the south of that defining the Sparkwell and Shaugh Prior parish boundary between the cairns at SX56795987, and SX56555994. Barrow A at SX56725988, Barrow B at SX56695988, Barrow C at SX56665989 and Barrow D at SX56645989. Other details: Fig 8.2.

Gilbertson, D. + Collis, J., 1982, Mapping Three Millennia of Settlement and Land Use on Crownhill Down, South West Dartmoor (Article in Serial). SDV362901.

Cemetery F. Four barrows.

AMAX, 1982, The Hemerdon Project. Archaeological Sites (Plan - measured). SDV149232.

One of a row of four Prehistoric barrows shown in a line to the south of the parish boundary with a further Prehistoric barrow shown to the north.

Devon County Council, 1982, Untitled Source (Plan - measured). SDV337246.

Gilbertson, D. + Collis, J., 1985, Linear Banks on Crownhill Down, Dartmoor (Article in Serial). SDV337244.

Cemetery F. Four barrows.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, SX55NE (Cartographic). SDV337243.

Not visible on 1946 or 1978 aerial photographs.

Department of Environment, 1986, Barrow Cemetery on Western Slope of Crownhill Down (Schedule Document). SDV337245.

Barrow cemetery on western slope of Crownhill Down. This site has no statutory description.

Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5659 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

A probably natural mound is visible.

National Monuments Record, 2002, 438411 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV343823.

A rounded mound 10.7 metres diameter by up to 0.5 metres high. There is a slight 0.3 metre deep depression on the north-west side. Linear group of six round barrows or cairns with three more possible mounds, lie on a south-west facing slope of Crownhill Down. These turf-covered mounds all have some stone visible although there are no traces of kerbs. It is possible that some of the mounds are built around rock outcrops.

Fletcher, M., 2002, The Archaeological Landscape of Crownhill Down and Ridding Down: Survey Report, 4 (Report - Survey). SDV343412.

Other details: Figure 3 and Crownhill Down Survey.

English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West, 109 (Report - non-specific). SDV342694.

Generally satisfactory but with significant localised problems. Principal vulnerability scrub/tree growth.

Hughes, S. + Valentin, J., 2010, Crownhill Down, Hemerdon, Sparkwell, Devon: Results of an Archaeological Trench Evaluation, Scheduled Monument DV1027, p.8 (Report - Evaluation). SDV347897.

The results from the evaluation clearly indicate that the identification of a Bronze Age
barrow/cairn cemetery within the scheduled area is erroneous.

English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West, 102 (Report - non-specific). SDV344777.

Google, 2019, Google Earth Pro, EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 22-JUN-2018 ACCESSED 04-JUL-2019 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363088.

The earthworks have been destroyed by the expansion of opencast mining.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A subtle and somewhat diffuse mound is visible as a slight earthwork on digital images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2014. In comparison with the cairn recorded as MDV12654, the mound does not appear to be archaeological in origin.
This conclusion is supported by a trench evaluation carried out in 2010.
The site has been destroyed by expansion of open cast mining on Crownhill Down.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149232Plan - measured: AMAX. 1982. The Hemerdon Project. Archaeological Sites. Map (Paper).
SDV337241Report - Survey: Edwards, C.. 1979. An archaeological survey of an area surrounding Hemerdon Ball. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Report. A4 Stapled + Digital. 18.
SDV337243Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. SX55NE. Air Photographs Unit. Map (Paper).
SDV337244Article in Serial: Gilbertson, D. + Collis, J.. 1985. Linear Banks on Crownhill Down, Dartmoor. Landscape History. 7. Unknown.
SDV337245Schedule Document: Department of Environment. 1986. Barrow Cemetery on Western Slope of Crownhill Down. The Schedule of Monuments. Letter.
SDV337246Plan - measured: Devon County Council. 1982. Plan.
SDV342694Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West. English Heritage Report. A4 Bound +Digital. 109.
SDV343412Report - Survey: Fletcher, M.. 2002. The Archaeological Landscape of Crownhill Down and Ridding Down: Survey Report. English Heritage Report. AI/31/2002. A4 Stapled + Digital. 4.
SDV343823National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2002. 438411. National Monuments Record Index. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV344777Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2010. Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West. English Heritage Report. Digital. 102.
SDV347897Report - Evaluation: Hughes, S. + Valentin, J.. 2010. Crownhill Down, Hemerdon, Sparkwell, Devon: Results of an Archaeological Trench Evaluation, Scheduled Monument DV1027. AC Archaeology Report. ACD157/2/1. A4 stapled + Digital. p.8.
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX5659 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017. [Mapped feature: #80595 ]
SDV362901Article in Serial: Gilbertson, D. + Collis, J.. 1982. Mapping Three Millennia of Settlement and Land Use on Crownhill Down, South West Dartmoor. Field Studies. 5. Digital.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363088Aerial Photograph: Google. 2019. Google Earth Pro. Various. Digital. EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 22-JUN-2018 ACCESSED 04-JUL-2019.

Associated Monuments

MDV72920Part of: Prehistoric Barrow Cemetery on the Western Slope of Crownhill Down (Monument)
MDV72921Related to: Possible Barrow on the Western Slope of Crownhill Down (Monument)
MDV14614Related to: Prehistoric Barrow on the Western Slope of Crownhill Down (Monument)
MDV72922Related to: Prehistoric Barrow on the Western Slope of Crownhill Down (Monument)
MDV72923Related to: Prehistoric Barrow on the Western Slope of Crownhill Down (Monument)
MDV12654Related to: Prehistoric Cairn in the Barrow Cemetery on the Western Slope of Crownhill Down (Monument)
MDV12656Related to: Prehistoric Cairn in the Barrow Cemetery on the Western Slope of Crownhill Down (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4559 - Archaeological Landscape of Crownhill Down and Riddding Down
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Jan 25 2021 11:24AM