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HER Number:MDV126601
Name:Prehistoric Enclosure 'A' at the east end of Erme Pound, Harford

Summary

Prehistoric Enclosure 'A' at the east end of Erme Pound with two hut circles and two small fields on the north-west corner

Location

Grid Reference:SX 640 655
Map Sheet:SX66NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/30

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Enclosures and internal features shown on 19th century map

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 398 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX66NW46 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV151328.

A large enclosure of the usual Dartmoor type, which has been partially utilised in its north west corner during construction of the later and much more modern Erme Pound.

National Monuments Record, 1976, SX6365, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV144574.

Photograph taken on 22nd April 1976.

Hankin, C. F., 1977-1979, Harford Parish Checklist (Worksheet). SDV149931.

Hankin, C. F., 1980, Streamworks at Red Lake (Worksheet). SDV145374.

Site visited on 18th October 1978. An unusually large enclosure of irregular shape; east to west width approximately 300 metres, north to south width approximatel 150 metres. The western perimeter nearest the river and on steep rough ground, has been much disturbed by what appear to be small land divisions bounded by low walls. The walls are incomplete, about 30 metres of the south wall is missing, and the north-west wall has become an earthen bank with no stones. The long east wall is 3 metres wide but very broken. The north wall is a "reave like" structure part of which is very substantially stone built. From the east wall another low wall runs out about 11 metres before curving south from about 3 metres, but does not continue. There are three "court-like" enclosures at the west end of the north wall, and two small hut circles, diameter 5 metres and 3.5 metres, one at each end of the west wall of the largest courts which is 25 metres to 30 metres long by about 5 metres wide.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Enclosure visible and recorded, with at least ten elements formed by agglomeration and partition. There are three freestanding hut circles and eleven incorporated or attached hut circles visible inside.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 74, Map 55, Figure 55.6 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Erme Pound prehistoric settlement consists of three enclosures. The eastern Enclosure 'A' of approximately 0.6 hectares has a rubble wall up to 2 metres wide and 1.2 metres high, but where it has spread or collapsed it forms the base of a supplementary wall of coursed blocks 0.7 metres wide and 1 metre high. This repair or rebuild is particularly evident on the north-west and south-west sides and probably dates from the medieval or post medieval utilisation of the prehistoric enclosure. The south-east entrance is probably original with later facing. Enclosure 'A' contains two free standing huts. The southern 'Hut 1' of 3.4 metres in diameter with a prominent doorpost at the entrance. The northern 'Hut 2' of 4.2 metres diameter has a pair of courts against the northern boundary with three very small circles of 1.5 to 2.5 metres on the periphery.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Eastern enclosure at Erme Pound shown with two hut circles and two rectilinear features in the north-west corner.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendic 1, Figure 12 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

Erme Pound enclosure.

Ordnance Survey, 2019, MasterMap 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362729.

Enclosure shown on modern mapping with the north-west section missing.

National Monuments Record, 2019, Pastscape, 441626, SX66NW23 (Website). SDV362732.

There is a mention of Erme Pound in the Court Rolls of 1552-3.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV144574Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. SX6365. 1.
SDV145374Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1980. Streamworks at Red Lake. Worksheet. Unknown.
SDV149931Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1977-1979. Harford Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. Digital.
SDV151328Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX66NW46. OSAD Card.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 398.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 74, Map 55, Figure 55.6.
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital.
SDV362729Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2019. MasterMap 2019. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #122143 ]
SDV362732Website: National Monuments Record. 2019. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 441626, SX66NW23.

Associated Monuments

MDV126651Parent of: Enclosure with a hut circle in the north-west corner of Enclosure 'B' at Erme Pound, Harford (Monument)
MDV13181Parent of: Hut circle within Enclosure 'B' at Erme Pound, Harford (Monument)
MDV5111Parent of: Hut circle within Erme Pound settlement eastern Enclosure 'A', Harford (Monument)
MDV126629Parent of: Northern hut circle within Erme Pound settlement eastern Enclosure 'A', Harford (Monument)
MDV126632Parent of: Series of enclosures and possible hut circles on the south-west side of Enclosure 'B' at Erme Pound, Harford (Monument)
MDV126633Parent of: Small D-shaped feature in the centre of Enclosure 'B' at Erme Pound, Harford (Monument)
MDV126654Parent of: Small rectangular building on the south side of Enclosure 'B' at Erme Pound, Harford (Monument)
MDV126652Parent of: Small rectangular building on the south-west side of Enclosure 'B' at Erme Pound, Harford (Monument)
MDV126650Parent of: Two adjoining enclosures with a hut circle on the west side of Enclosure 'B' at Erme Pound, Harford (Monument)
MDV126634Parent of: Two irregular shaped adjoining enclosures with enclosed circles on the north-east side of Enclosure 'B' at Erme Pound, Harford (Monument)
MDV126631Parent of: Two small adjoining enclosures on the north side of Enclosure 'B' at Erme Pound, Harford (Monument)
MDV126630Parent of: Two small enclosures and possibly three circles within Erme Pound settlement eastern Enclosure 'A', Harford (Monument)
MDV3066Related to: Blackwood Path, Ugborough Moor (Monument)
MDV5110Related to: Erme Pound northern Enclosure 'C' , Harford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Oct 25 2019 1:47PM