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HER Number:MDV126980
Name:Cholwichtown Clay Works

Summary

The 19th and early-20th evolution and extent of clayworks at Cholwichtown Waste is depicted on the First and Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25inch maps. Aerial photographs of the 1940s to the early 21st century illustrate the further development of the historic extractive landscape followed by the destruction of much of the earlier industrial remains by modern open cast extraction.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 586 623
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CHINA CLAY WORKS (XVIII to Mid 20th Century - 1800 AD? to 1965 AD? (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

A clay pit and associated leats are depicted, with finger dumps to the south.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

An expanded clay pit, extended leats, structures, numerous finger dumps and mica pits are depicted.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2295-2296 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Clay works pits, structures and spoil heaps are visible.

Royal Air Force, 1948, RAF/CPE/UK/2494, RAF/CPE/UK/2494 RP 3058-3059 11-MAR-1948 (Aerial Photograph). SDV361461.

Clay works pits, structures and spoil heaps are visible.

Ordnance Survey, 1953-1969, 1953-1969 National Grid OS A edition imperial (Cartographic). SDV352727.

A further expanded clay pit, simplified leats, additional structures and spoil heaps are depicted.

Ordnance Survey, 1963-1996, 1963-1996 National Grid OS Metric (Cartographic). SDV350058.

All previous claywork features have been destroyed by a much expanded clay pit or quarry.

Royal Air Force, 1965, RAF/58/7109, RAF/58/7109 F42 0130-0131 22-NOV-1965 (Aerial Photograph). SDV351186.

Clay works pits, structures and spoil heaps are visible.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5862 01-JUN-2002 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Expansion of 20th century quarrying has destroyed almost all of the earlier claywork remains.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

The evolution and changing character of the clay works landscape at Cholwichtown Waste is apparent from the Ordnance Survey First Edition map of the 1880s to the Second Edition map of the early 1900s.
However, continued extraction into the mid-20th century further changed the landscape although many of the early 20th century features, such as finger dumps of spoil remained visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s to 1960s.
The clay work features depicted on the 1953-1969 National Grid Ordnance Survey A Edition Imperial map closely resemble those visible on the 1940s aerial photographs. The pits and spoil heaps are not shown on the 1963-1996 National Grid OS metric edition, the expansion of open cast clay pits from the north obliterating large areas of the earlier industrial landscape.
The extent of this later 20th century industrial landscape has not been transcribed. Continued expansion of quarrying into the 21st century has destroyed almost all of the earlier claywork remains.
The monument polygon is derived from the maximum extent of quarrying identifiable from 1946 aerial photography.
A significant impact of the early to mid-20th century expansion of the clayworks can be seen on the re-routing of historic leats around the growing clay works and the creation of new leats to serve them. The leats are recorded separately.
The clay work earthworks include those features previously recorded as MDV43413, MDV43415 and MDV43416.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2295-2296 10-DEC-1946. [Mapped feature: #123025 ]
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV350058Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1963-1996. 1963-1996 National Grid OS Metric. Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV351186Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1965. RAF/58/7109. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/58/7109 F42 0130-0131 22-NOV-1965.
SDV352727Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1953-1969. 1953-1969 National Grid OS A edition imperial. Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV361461Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1948. RAF/CPE/UK/2494. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/2494 RP 3058-3059 11-MAR-1948.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5862 01-JUN-2002.

Associated Monuments

MDV126789Parent of: 19th and early 20th Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)
MDV43413Related to: QUARRY in the Parish of Cornwood (Monument)
MDV43416Related to: QUARRY in the Parish of Cornwood (Monument)
MDV43415Related to: SPOIL HEAP in the Parish of Cornwood (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Nov 21 2019 2:47PM