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HER Number:MDV127068
Name:Shaugh Lake China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior

Summary

Buildings, water management channels and spoil mounds associated with the late-19th to mid-20th century Shaugh Lake China Clay Works are visible as structures and earthwork banks and ditches on the north-facing slopes of Shaugh Moor, on aerial photographs of the 1940s. Much of the historic clayworks remains have been destroyed by the later-20th century expansion of open cast extraction.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 559 639
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishMEAVY
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Pastscape: 1568882
  • Pastscape: 1568885
  • Pastscape: 1568891
  • Pastscape: 1568894

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CHINA CLAY WORKS (XIX to Mid 20th Century - 1850 AD to 1946 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Early Shaugh Lake China Clay Works are depicted.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Expanded Shaugh Lake China Clay Works are depicted.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1190, RAF/106G/UK/1190 RS 3258-3260 27-FEB-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363067.

Extensive spoil mounds, water channels and buildings are visible.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp2 5141-5143 12-JUL-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352279.

Extensive spoil mounds, water channels and buildings are visible.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2296-2297, 4290-4291 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Extensive spoil mounds, water channels and buildings are visible.

Ordnance Survey, 1953-1969, 1953-1969 National Grid OS A edition imperial (Cartographic). SDV352727.

Further expanded Shaugh Lake China Clay Works are depicted.

Ordnance Survey, 1963-1996, 1963-1996 National Grid OS Metric (Cartographic). SDV350058.

Modern open cast Clay Works are depicted.

Royal Air Force, 1964, RAF/58/6399, RAF/58/6399 F64 0384-0385 02-JUL-1964 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363068.

Finger dumps to the north of the site survive as earthworks.

Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5664 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

Most of the historic clayworks have been destroyed by modern open cast extraction. A small number of finger dumps to the north of the site survive as earthworks.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5663 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

Most of the historic clayworks have been destroyed by modern open cast extraction.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

Extensive spoil mounds, water channels and buildings are visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s as earthwork banks, ditches and structures on the north-facing slopes of Shaugh Moor,
The survey transcription records the mid-20th century form and extent of the Shaugh Lake China Clay Works, prior to the expansion of the later-20th century open cast extraction that resulted in the destructions of much of the historic clayworks.
The visible earthworks include elements of the 19th century clayworks, as depicted on the Ordnance Survey First Edition 5inch map and the expanded early 20th century clayworks as depicted on the Ordnance Survey Second Edition 5inch map. However, further mid-20th century expansion destroyed some of these earlier industrial remains, and the visible earthworks most closely corresponds with that depicted on the 1953-1969 National Grid OS A Imperial map.
The effect of later 20th century expansion of open cast extraction in more completely obliterating the 19th to early-20th century remains had begun to be depicted on the 1963-1996 National Grid OS metric map.
Digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 and visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017 reveal that much of the historic remains have been destroyed with only the finger dump spoil heaps previously recorded as MDV43391-2 & MDV43393-4 surviving as earthworks.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2296-2297, 4290-4291 10-DEC-1946.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV350058Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1963-1996. 1963-1996 National Grid OS Metric. Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV352279Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp2 5141-5143 12-JUL-1946.
SDV352727Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1953-1969. 1953-1969 National Grid OS A edition imperial. Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX5664 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5663 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363067Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1190. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/106G/UK/1190 RS 3258-3260 27-FEB-1946.
SDV363068Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. RAF/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/58/6399 F64 0384-0385 02-JUL-1964.

Associated Monuments

MDV43401Parent of: QUARRY in the Parish of Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV43391Parent of: SPOIL HEAP in the Parish of Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV43393Parent of: SPOIL HEAP in the Parish of Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV43394Parent of: SPOIL HEAP in the Parish of Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV43400Parent of: SPOIL HEAP in the Parish of Shaugh Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 20 2019 4:15PM