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HER Number:MDV127096
Name:Enclosed hut circle settlement, Shaugh Moor

Summary

An oval enclosure of probable Bronze Age date is recorded from field investigation and aerial survey, defined by a stony bank and slight ditch on the north-facing slopes of Shaugh Moor. The bank incorporates the earthworks of a 3 presumably contemporary hut circles. The enclosure is visible on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards and identifiable on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 559 635
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Pastscape: 439232

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC)

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1190, RAF/106G/UK/1190 RS 4234-4235 27-FEB-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363067.

Possible banks are visible as subtle earthworks.

Royal Air Force, 1964, RAF/58/6399, RAF/58/6399 F64 0382-0383 02-JUL-1964 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363068.

Banks and hut circles are visible as recently excavated earthworks.

Smith, K., 1980, Typescript notes and plan of Shaugh Moor (Un-published). SDV138646.

There is an incomplete enclosure north-west of the main enclosure. It comprises a ruinous arc of walling associated with three hut circles. The chord of this arc is 35 metres long from north-east to south-west and this probably represents the diameter of the original enclosure from which stone was removed to construct the complete and well-preserved main enclosure. See associated records for hut details.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West (Monograph). SDV137656.

Enclosure A; one of seven enclosures with associated hut circles in the area. It is a double enclosure; the southern, larger unit of the enclosure is best-preserved and incorporates one hut circle in its perimeter wall (measuring 6.5 metres in diameter). The walls of the enclosure are still substantial and are constructed in a decorative manner, with taller slabs regularly spaced around the outside. The associated enclosure to the north of the main enclosure has three huts interrupting its walls, one of which (Hut 4) was excavated in 1960-1963 and radiocarbon dated to approximately 1250 BC. This hut still retains its doorposts at the entrance, which is 0.8 metres wide. Charcoal, flint flakes, pebbles and a scraper were recovered from the excavation, while post holes below the wall showed the stone building replaced an earlier structure of timber. Other details: Map 48, 3.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 31-MAY-2016 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Possible banks are visible as subtle earthworks.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5563 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

Possible ditches are visible as subtle earthworks.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A stony bank 1.5m to 3m wide and shallow ditches of similar width are visible as subtle earthworks on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, defining a possible D-shaped enclosure approximately 34 by 29m across on the north-facing slopes of Shaugh Moor.
The enclosure is interpreted as probably of Bronze Age date, one of several such enclosures recorded on Shaugh Moor.
Stonework is visible within the bank material, most clearly on the north-west side of the enclosure, and interpreted as evidence of a ruined wall.
The ditches defining the possible southern edge of the enclosure are very subtle earthworks identifiable only from low resolution lidar data. It is possible that the ditches are evidence of stone robbing.
Three roughly circular enclosed areas circa 5 to 7m in diameter are visible as earthworks incorporated into the circuit of the possible enclosure. These are interpreted as the remains of probably contemporary hut circles (MDV125904, MDV125905, MDV125906).
The enclosure might be an annexe or earlier phase of the larger enclosure immediately to the south-east (MDV2440)

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume.
SDV138646Un-published: Smith, K.. 1980. Typescript notes and plan of Shaugh Moor. Unknown.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5563 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363067Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1190. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/106G/UK/1190 RS 4234-4235 27-FEB-1946.
SDV363068Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. RAF/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/58/6399 F64 0382-0383 02-JUL-1964.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 31-MAY-2016. [Mapped feature: #123381 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV125904Parent of: Hut in eastern settlement at Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV125905Parent of: Hut in eastern settlement at Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV125906Parent of: Hut in eastern settlement at Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV2440Related to: Enclosed hut circle settlement, Shaugh Moor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 20 2019 4:24PM