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HER Number:MDV12718
Name:Cairn on Wigford Down, west of Brisworthy Works

Summary

One of three scheduled round cairns that lie outside the coaxial field system on Wigford Down and survive as circular mounds. This cairn measures 7.0 metres in diameter by 0.3 metres in height. All three show evidence for either partial early excavation or robbing.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 550 650
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishMeavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishMEAVEY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 439033
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/203
  • Old SAM County Ref: DV435
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ROUND CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1951, SX56SE29 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV216693.

Cairn C; one of a group of six grass grown cairns. This cairn measures 7.3 meters in diameter.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 157 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(Site visited 6/5/1976) A cairn measuring 6.5 meters in diameter, and height 0.5 meters. Other details: 6 Wigford Down.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on 1946 Royal Air Force vertical aerial photographs.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1989, SX56NE189 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV231888.

Remains of a cairn can be seen at SX55026502 on an east slope of Wigford Down, measuring 7.8 meters in diameter and 0.8 meters in height with a spread of stone on the south side. Other details: Plan.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 80, 97, Map 48.1 (Monograph). SDV137656.

SX5505 6502
Butler's cairn 11. Has been dug into (like the other four; 10, 12-14), but otherwise surprisingly little damage. Measures 7.0 metres by 0.3 metres.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Cairn visible on aerial photography as a circular grassy area.


National Monuments Record, 2011, 439033 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV346333.


Richards, A. F., 2011, Cairns on Wigford Down (Personal Comment). SDV346330.

There seems to have been some confusion over the number of cairns in this area, possibly due to the originally grid references provided on the Ordnance Survey Card for this group, which identified six features (a-e). The modern Ordnance Survey mapping shows seven cairns in total (including the two to the south-east of this group), which corresponds with the 2010 aerial photography of the area, and Butler (1994), although these are located slightly north-east of the original 1950s grid references. For this reason, the extra HER records that have been based on the slightly inaccurate Ordnance Survey grid references, have been replaced by the correct HER records – in this case, 12718 replaces 2462, which has been deleted.


Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Depicted on the modern mapping.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

The monument, which falls into four separate areas of protection, includes a ring cairn and four round cairns forming part of a round cairn cemetery situated on Wigford Down, lying partially within the Wigford Down coaxial field system, overlooking the Plym Valley.
The two western cairns are contained within the Wigford Down coaxial field system. The southern of these is a ring cairn which survives as a circular bank of stone measuring up to 3m wide and 0.5m high which surrounds a flat internal area with a diameter of up to 4m. The northern one is a round cairn which survives as a circular mound measuring 10m in diameter and 0.6m high.
The remaining three round cairns lie outside the coaxial field system and survive as circular mounds which vary in size from 7.8m to 13m in diameter and from 0.5m to 1.1m in height. All three show evidence for either partial early excavation or robbing.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 80, 97, Map 48.1.
SDV216693Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1951. SX56SE29. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV231888Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1989. SX56NE189. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 157.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #80618 ]
SDV346330Personal Comment: Richards, A. F.. 2011. Cairns on Wigford Down. Digital.
SDV346333National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2011. 439033. National Monuments Record Database. Website.
SDV359963National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV2459Related to: Cairn 295 metres north-west of Cadover Bridge (Monument)
MDV2458Related to: Cairn 330 metres north-west of Cadover Bridge (Monument)
MDV28543Related to: Cairn on Wigford Down, west of Brisworthy Works (Monument)
MDV5619Related to: Cairn on Wigford Down, west of Brisworthy Works (Monument)
MDV48901Related to: Eylesbarrow Watershed Reave (Monument)
MDV48903Related to: Ring cairn on Wigford Down, west of Brisworthy Works (Monument)
MDV2310Related to: Round cairn on Wigford Down, west of Brisworthy Works (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 8 2017 4:02PM