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HER Number:MDV127461
Name:Central enclosure within prehistoric hut circle settlement east of the River Erme, Harford


Central enclosure with incomplete walls within prehistoric hut circle settlement with associated hut circles


Grid Reference:SX 644 627
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/44
  • Old SAM County Ref: 813
  • Old SAM Ref: 10521

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

National Monuments Record, 1969, NMR SX6463, 3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV165976.

Photograph taken on 12th April 1969.

Hankin, C. F., 1977-1979, Harford Parish Checklist (Worksheet). SDV149931.

Site visited in May 1977 and April 1980. On the south-west facing slope of Harford Moor, north of the Piles Copse, east of the River Erme, just above the scarp where the ground falls steeply to a prehistoric enclosure. Long grass and bracken. An open site of about 22 hut circles grouped along the contour over an area of circa 250 metres by 100 metres. The external diameters of the huts vary from 5 metres to 11 metres, some huts have walls 2 metres - 3 metres wide and up to 1 metre high. The condition varies from good to very poor.

Robinson, R., 1982, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982 (Un-published). SDV345608.

Site visited on 2nd June 1982.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Fourteen hut circles are visible, two of them attached to each other. Three short linear banks or walls are attached to some of the huts.

Robinson, R., 1986, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986 (Un-published). SDV345664.

Site visited on 19th December 1986.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 48-50, map 54, Figure 54.9 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Incomplete central enclosure within prehistoric Settlement 3 with associated Huts 19-21 and at least seven huts without numbers.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Partial enclosure shown on survey.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1, MDV4288 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

A prehistoric settlement of 20 ruined hut circles and three enclosures on the moderate lower eastern slope of the River Erme, which forms part of a large, spread prehistoric settlement extending along the flank of Harford Moor. The enclosures comprise partly turf-covered stony banks, now degraded and spread to approximately 2.5 metres wide by up to 0.8 metres high. The central enclosure has an incomplete circuit but would have covered an area of 0.37 hectares and probably contained at least five free-standing huts and a further five incorporated into the enclosure circuit.

Historic England, 2020, National Heritage List for England, 1012765 (National Heritage List for England). SDV363414.

This unenclosed stone hut settlement on the steep eastern slope of the Erme Valley, consists of twenty-two hut circles, with enclosures and lengths of bank. The huts are terraced into the hillside and lie in two main groups, ranging in size from 5 to 11 metres with walls up to 3 metres thick and a metre high, there are small enclosures and sections of wall or bank associated with the huts.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 442309, SX66SW45 (Website). SDV363416.

On a steep south-west facing slope of Harford Moor, between approximately 333.0 metres and 383.0 metres OD is an open settlement of thirty-five hut circles. The bracken covered and boulder strewn settlement covers an area of 0.35 hectares. The huts appear to be grouped in two areas at SX 64366274 and SX 64456284 and have levelled interiors, and in places are connected by walling averaging 1.0 metre wide and 0.4 metres high. At SX 64316277 the walling forms a small enclosure

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149931Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1977-1979. Harford Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. Digital.
SDV165976Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1969. NMR SX6463. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 48-50, map 54, Figure 54.9.
SDV345608Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1982. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV345664Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1986. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #124101 ]
SDV363414National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2020. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1012765.
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 442309, SX66SW45.

Associated Monuments

MDV127455Related to: Hut circle between two prehistoric settlements, Harford (Monument)
MDV127463Related to: Hut circle in the western enclosure within the prehistoric hut settlement, Harford (Monument)
MDV127456Related to: Hut circle to the west of an unenclosed hut circle settlement, Harford (Monument)
MDV127457Related to: Hut circle to west of unenclosed prehistoric hut settlement, Harford (Monument)
MDV123440Related to: Pair of huts associated with a prehistoric enclosure to the south, Harford (Monument)
MDV4252Related to: Settlement of prehistoric enclosures and hut circles to the north of Piles Copse, Harford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Dec 6 2020 10:49AM