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HER Number:MDV12759
Name:Hut circle settlement north-west of Horn's Cross

Summary

At least 16 hut circles, one contemporary structure and a solitary enclosure lie on the moderate west-facing slope above the right bank of the O Brook. The huts (see related records), are all terraced into the slope to provide level interiors with diameters in the range of 3.2 metres to 6.1 metres. Most appear to be relatively poorly constructed with spread boulder walls and no discernible entrances. The associated enclosure, centred SX 66547124, covers 0.1 hectares and contains one of the huts and, in the south-east corner, a small sub-rectangular platform 5.3 metres north to south by 3.0 metres. An unusual feature of this enclosure is the presence of a narrow entrance flanked by two upright slabs in the centre of the east side.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 665 712
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHolne
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHOLNE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67SE109
  • National Monuments Record: SX67SE115
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/152
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/160
  • Old SAM Ref: 28772
  • Old SAM Ref: 28772
  • Pastscape: 443176
  • Pastscape: 443194

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • UNENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 2373-2374 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX67SE109 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV152217.

(Visited 21/7/1977) SX 66717126. This open settlement consists of three type I hut circles and lies on a steep well drained, north west facing slope at 365 metres above OD. The huts, average internal diameter 4.0 metres, have walls which average 1.2 metres thick and are constructed of small boulders.
One of the huts is cut back into the hillside and in fair condition; the second incorporates a military slit trench and the third is very poor. There is no evidence of cultivation in the immediate vicinity but the parallel reave system (SX 67 SE 92) lies 100 metres to the north east. Divorced Survey at 1:10 000 scale on PFD.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1979, SX67SE115 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV149699.

(Visited 06/07/1979) Centred at SX 66597124 is a group of seven unenclosed hut circles, situated at about 350 metres OD on a slight west slope. All are in moorland and levelled into the hillside but are in ruinous condition so that it is difficult to determine their types. The internal diameters vary from 3.0 metres to 4.5 metres, with walling from 1.0 metre to 1.6 metres wide and 0.5 metres high.
Generally the surviving construction consists of piled stones with occasional upright slabs. Only one hut has a defined entrance; on the south-east side.
The associated field boundaries are also in poor condition, sometimes banked, usually rickle of stone; all are fragmentary and occupy about 3.0 hectares. Some stone robbing may be due to construction of the local leat, but the impression is that of robbing in antiquity, as if they pre-date the reave system and its huts (SX 67 SE 92).
Discovered during field work. Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD.


Fleming, A., 1979, The Dartmoor Reaves. Boundary Patterns and Behaviour Patterns in the Second Millennium BC, 127 (Article in Serial). SDV258579.

This settlement may be seen as an example of a summer site converted to a permanent site.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Two hut circles seen on aerial photographs at SX 66607132 and SX 66627127, and four possible hut circles at SX 66577126, SX 66677120, SX 66627136 and SX 66647133 visible on 1946 aerial photograph. One possible hut circle visible on 1946 aerial photograph.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 152256-68 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

See related hut circle records for details.


Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 190, Map 60.11 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Series of huts (at least 16) and fragments of enclosure walling; it is very likely that differential peat growth has buried some features entirely. All the huts are small and consist of low circular banks well dispersed over the hillside. There are also tinners' pits in the vicinity, which are similar in size to the huts. Where visible, entrances are consistently on the southern (along the slope).


Probert, S. A. J., 1997, Holne Moor, Dartmoor, Devonshire. A Landscape Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (Report - Survey). SDV173671.

(Visited 28/02/1996) Centred SX 66597127. Eight hut circles, one contemporary structure and a solitary enclosure lie on the moderate west-facing slope above the right bank of the O Brook. The huts (see related records), are all terraced into the slope to provide level interiors with diameters in the range of 3.2 metres to 6.1 metres. Most appear to be relatively poorly constructed with spread boulder walls and no discernible entrances. The associated enclosure, centred SX 66547124, covers 0.1 hectares and contains one of the huts and, in the south-east corner, a small sub-rectangular platform 5.3 metres north to south by 3.0 metres. An unusual feature of this enclosure is the presence of a narrow entrance flanked by two upright slabs in the centre of the east side.
The field boundaries noted in 1979 are associated with an extension of the settlement (SX 67 SE 109) which lies immediately to the east.
Also SX67SE109 (previously recorded as a separate settlement)
Centred SX 6669 7125. Seven hut circles and traces of contemporary field boundaries lie on the moderate west facing slope above the right bank of the O Brook. The huts (see associated records) are all terraced into the slope to provide level interiors in the range of 2.5 metres to 4.0 metres. There are no identifiable entrances.
The field boundaries are incompletely preserved and form no identifiable pattern.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149699Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SX67SE115. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV152217Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX67SE109. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2373-2374.
SDV173671Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J.. 1997. Holne Moor, Dartmoor, Devonshire. A Landscape Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. [Mapped feature: #4654 ]
SDV258579Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1979. The Dartmoor Reaves. Boundary Patterns and Behaviour Patterns in the Second Millennium BC. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 127.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 152256-68.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 190, Map 60.11.

Associated Monuments

MDV61460Parent of: Enclosure in settlement north-west of Horn's Cross (Monument)
MDV61463Parent of: Hut in corner of enclosure in settlement north-west of Horn's Cross (Monument)
MDV61465Parent of: Hut in settlement 430 metres north-west of Horn's Cross (Monument)
MDV61466Parent of: Hut in settlement 430 metres north-west of Horn's Cross (Monument)
MDV61467Parent of: Hut in settlement 430 metres north-west of Horn's Cross (Monument)
MDV61469Parent of: Hut in settlement 430 metres north-west of Horn's Cross (Monument)
MDV61470Parent of: Hut in settlement north-west of Horn's Cross (Monument)
MDV61471Parent of: Hut in settlement north-west of Horn's Cross (Monument)
MDV61472Parent of: Hut in settlement north-west of Horn's Cross (Monument)
MDV61473Parent of: Hut in settlement north-west of Horn's Cross (Monument)
MDV61474Parent of: Hut in settlement north-west of Horn's Cross (Monument)
MDV61475Parent of: Hut in settlement north-west of Horn's Cross (Monument)
MDV61476Parent of: Hut in settlement north-west of Horn's Cross (Monument)
MDV61462Parent of: Hut within enclosure in settlement 430 metres north-west of Horn's Cross (Monument)
MDV61461Parent of: Isolated hut in settlement 430 metres north-west of Horn's Cross (Monument)
MDV61468Parent of: Small hut in settlement 430 metres north-west of Horn's Cross (Monument)
MDV61477Related to: Tinners' pit in settlement north-west of Horn's Cross (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7100 - Holne Moor Survey

Date Last Edited:Sep 3 2019 3:11PM