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HER Number:MDV12778
Name:Hut circle settlement, Shaugh Moor

Summary

A roughly square bank defined hut circle enclosure of probable Bronze Age date is recorded from field investigation and aerial survey on the north-facing slopes of Shaugh Moor. The settlement is up to circa 20m across, internally and incorporates the earthworks of at least 3 hut circles into the perimeter bank.
The earthworks are visible on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2016 and are identifiable as earthworks on visualisations derived from low resolution lidar data captured in 2013.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 556 634
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56SE91
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/169
  • Old SAM County Ref: 428
  • Pastscape: 439367

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp 2 5140-5141 12-JUL-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352279.

Stony banks are visible as earthworks.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 2299 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Royal Air Force, 1964, RAF/58/6399, RAF/58/6399 F64 0382-0383 02-JUL-1964 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363068.

Stony banks are visible as earthworks.

Price, D. G., 1973, Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor, 89 (Article in Serial). SDV147593.

A pound and two hut circles outside the pound.

National Monuments Record, 1977, NMR SX5663, 7 (Aerial Photograph). SDV150833.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX56SE91 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV150835.

The enclosure, centred at SX55656344 is broadly as described above, with walling 2.0 metres wide and up to 0.7 metres high. A 2.5 metres gap near the north-east corner could be the original entrance. A Type 1 hut is integrated within the southwest corner. It has an internal diameter of 2.5 metres with rubble walling 0.7 metres wide and 0.3 metres high; the entrance is on the north-east. A probable hut, much ruined and of indeterminate type, is attached externally to the north-west corner. It has an internal diameter of 5.0 metres with a large recumbent slab on the west side; the rest of the perimeter is a bank of turf-covered rubble 1.2 metres wide and 0.4 metres high with a gap on the east side.
There are two huts to the south-west of the enclosure. The nearer is simply a platform, 4.5 metres in diameter, cut into the slope on the south side to a depth of 0.5 metres, and similarly built up on the north. The outer hut is of Type 2, with an internal diameter of 4.7 metres and a turf-covered wall 1.6 metres wide and 0.5 metres high. No entrance could be seen. Other details: Plan.

Smith, K., 1980, Typescript notes and plan of Shaugh Moor (Un-published). SDV138646.

A square enclosure 24.0 metres from east to west and 22.0 metres from north to south on a marked north-facing slope. The interior is cleared of 'clitter' save for a few earth-fast boulders. The wall is substantial but largely covered with undergrowth although some facing stones are apparent. A considerable build-up of soil has occurred within the enclosure against the northern (downhill) wall, producing the effect (as with enclosure) of a lynchet formation in a cultivated field. A single hut is visible in the southwest corner. No enclosure entrance is apparent although the east boundary wall is ruinous.
The ruinous remains of a substantial hut 30.0 metres west of enclosure. It is terraced into the hillside and measures 8.5 metres overall from east to west but no structural details are visible.
There is a very ruinous hut immediately west of enclosure. Few structural details are visible but it is terraced into the hillside and has an internal diameter of 5.0 metres.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 99-101 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Enclosure G; one of seven enclosures with associated hut circles in the area. It is a square enclosure with three associated hut circles and another few lying in close proximity. The enclosure walls remains reasonably intact. Other details: Map 48, 3.

Fletcher, M. + Probert, S., 1998, Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey (Report - Survey). SDV343481.

(Visited 03/12/1997) Centred at SX55656344. The enclosure is cut into the slope north-facing hillside. The lower bank is formed by a 0.8 meter high scarp with some boulders and stones. The upper wall is a spread, turf-covered boulder and stone bank up to 3.2 metres wide, 0.8 metres high internally and 0.5 metres high externally. The position of the entrance is not clear. Three hut circles associated with this enclosure can be positively identified as well as the sites of three possible huts. See associated records.
Butler (1994) and Ordnance Survey (1980) depict two further huts both part of the enclosure but these are difficult to interpret on the ground.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 31-MAY-2016 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Stony banks are visible as earthworks.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5563 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

Banks are identifiable as earthworks.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, SM-34 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 02/10/2019. Site description is moderate. Bracken has recently been cut back on the enclosure wall helping to more clearly define the site. Inside enclosure is scattered low height western gorse and grass which is lightly gazed. Large stone in east side of boundary wall has drill & split marks indicating robbing out of stones. Overall condition good. Photo X2 taken.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, SM-34 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photo 1: W side of boundary looking N. Photo 2: S side of boundary looking E.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

Earthwork banks measuring up to circa 4.5m wide are visible on aerial photographs of 1946 and digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2016, defining a roughly square enclosed area circa 20m across.
The enclosures is interpreted as probably of Bronze Age date.
A break circa 3m across is visible in the bank at the north-east corner of the enclosure. South of the break the bank appears spread to circa 8m. Exposed stonework in this area defines an arc of possible wall circa 6m long that might be evidence of a hut circle incorporated into the bank, (See MDV125928) but the aerial photographic evidence is not conclusive.
Similarly spread of sections of bank near the south-west and north-west corners might also be evidence for hut circles, but again little conclusive evidence was noted (See MDV125930).
The enclosure banks are identifiable as fragmentary earthworks on visualisations derived from low resolution lidar data captured in 2013.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 99-101.
SDV138646Un-published: Smith, K.. 1980. Typescript notes and plan of Shaugh Moor. Unknown.
SDV147593Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1973. Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 105. Unknown. 89.
SDV150833Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. NMR SX5663. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 7.
SDV150835Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX56SE91. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2299.
SDV343481Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Probert, S.. 1998. Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV352279Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp 2 5140-5141 12-JUL-1946.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5563 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM-34.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363068Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. RAF/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/58/6399 F64 0382-0383 02-JUL-1964.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM-34.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 31-MAY-2016. [Mapped feature: #123396 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV125928Parent of: Hut circle in enclosure at Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV125929Parent of: Hut circle west of enclosure at Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV125930Parent of: Hut circle west of enclosure at Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV125931Parent of: Hut circle west of enclosure at Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV12951Related to: D-shaped hut circle settlement enclosure, Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV2440Related to: Enclosed hut circle settlement, Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV12779Related to: Hut circle settlement, Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV12953Related to: Hut circle settlement, Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV12952Related to: Sub-rectangular shaped enclosure, Shaugh Moor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4967 - Survey of Shaugh Moor
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 17 2019 11:50AM