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HER Number:MDV12801
Name:Hut circle settlement on Cudlipptown Down

Summary

Vis=24/10/1979 (os) a small enclosed settlement of 0.25ha. A rectilinear enclosure, sides c 47m, formed of rubble walling 1.2m wide and 0.4m high, which links three of the five huts. A 'lynchet' divides the site into two terraces.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 544 792
Map Sheet:SX57NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishPeter Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork and structural remains of a bronze age settlement along a reave as well as a medieval field system and two farmsteads and post-medieval or earlier tin streamworking remains and trial pits on Cudlipptown Down

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57NW/93
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC)

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Untitled Source (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV24.

Vis=24/10/1979 (os) a small enclosed settlement of 0.25ha. A rectilinear enclosure, sides c 47m, formed of rubble walling 1.2m wide and 0.4m high, which links three of the five huts. A 'lynchet' divides the site into two terraces.


RCHM APP 1985, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV278181.

Enclosure within modern agricultural land to the north of white tor. Incomplete circuit (rchm app 1985).


RCHME, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV278182.

Vis=5/2/1988 (rchme) a settlement comprising 4 hut circles and the remains of associated enclosures. The site is split into 2 unequal parts by a large maintained field wall running n to s and separating moorland to the w from enclosed pasture to the e.


NMR, CITING PATTISON, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV278183.

Parts of 3 rectilinear enclosures are attached in series to the s side of an e-w reave traversing cudlipptown down, with fragmentary traces of a fourth attached to the n side. They occupy an area of c.0.6ha overall. Where best preserved the enclosure walls are 1.5m to 2m wide and 0.5m high and are composed of medium and large stones/boulders forming rubble lines occasionally linking natural rock outcrops. The reave is a stony scarp falling to the n and is 1.5m wide and 0.7m high. Three hut circles: "c" "d" + "e" are linked by perimeter walling of the central enclosure s of the reave; they appear to pre-date the enclosure walls. Hut circle "b" may have been on the same perimeter but robbing has removed any relationship. The most easterly of the enclosures seems also to be an addition onto the se side of hut circle "d". The hut circles are as described by os with the following additions:"a" sx54397921. This scoop feature is possibly an annexe to hut "b". "b" sx54407921. A very fragmentary hut circle, appearing as a ring of stones and boulders. "c" sx54407918. A subcircular hut circle. No entrance is evident. "d" sx54417917. "e" sx54437920. There are clear traces of double-faced walling to this hut circle. It is very well preserved; the best of the group. The extensive field system recorded by os to the e of the settlement is almost entirely medieval in origin and is associated with a medieval settlement. However, a series of small strip fields are attached to the most easterly of the prehistoric enclosures and they echo the line of the reave. This introduces the possibility that elements of the filed system are pre-medieval, a fact recognised by os (nmr, citing pattison).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV278184.

Osa=sx57nw86/plan.


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV278185.

Aph=os/75/369 172.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV278186.

Fleming, a. /pps/44(1978)/97-123/the prehistoric landscape of dartmoor.


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV278187.

Aph=nmr sx5479/3/120(20/5/1977).


Fleming, A., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV139025.

The other two huts are free standing within the enclosure. There are remains of a field system associated with the settlement, extending over 11ha centred at sx545792. The fields vary from 30m by 20m to 50m by 70m, with curvilinear boundaries, now overlain by a medieval or later field system. From the enclosure runs one of the parallel reaves, running west-east to the north of the great western reave (fleming).


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 94, Map 31.15 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Butler depictes this settlement with four internal hut circles.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Enclosure and hut circles visible on the aerial photography.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV139025Migrated Record: Fleming, A..
SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 94, Map 31.15.
SDV24Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV278181Migrated Record: RCHM APP 1985.
SDV278182Report - Survey: RCHME.
SDV278183Migrated Record: NMR, CITING PATTISON.
SDV278184Migrated Record:
SDV278185Aerial Photograph:
SDV278186Migrated Record:
SDV278187Aerial Photograph:
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #80648 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV26292Related to: Building in farmland to the north of White Tor (Building)
MDV103572Related to: Cudlipptown Lower Reave (Monument)
MDV26288Related to: Enclosure on Cudlipptown Down (Monument)
MDV103571Related to: Field system on north Cudlipptown Down (Monument)
MDV56612Related to: Medieval field system surrounding Butworthy (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7441 - Condition survey of the archaeological sites of Merrivale Training Area
  • EDV7570 - Condition survey of Merrivale Range training area

Date Last Edited:Sep 23 2016 4:48PM