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HER Number:MDV12801
Name:Hut circle settlement on Cudlipptown Down

Summary

Vis=24/10/1979 (os) a small enclosed settlement of 0.25ha. A rectilinear enclosure, sides c 47m, formed of rubble walling 1.2m wide and 0.4m high, which links three of the five huts. A 'lynchet' divides the site into two terraces.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 544 792
Map Sheet:SX57NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishPeter Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork and structural remains of a bronze age settlement along a reave as well as a medieval field system and two farmsteads and post-medieval or earlier tin streamworking remains and trial pits on Cudlipptown Down

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX57NW86
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 439967
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57NW/93

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV278184.

Osa=sx57nw86/plan. (24/10/1979) A small enclosed settlement of 0.25ha is centred at SX 54417921 on
a slight north slope in rough pasture.
The rectilinear enclosure, with sides of 47.0m, is formed by rubble walling 1.2m wide and 0.4m high which links three of the five huts (see illustration). A natural 'lynchet' from east to west subdivides the enclosure into two terraces. All the huts are of Type 1 (SX 56 SE 19).
A: A circular scoop 2.7m by 3.0m in diameter, levelled up to a height of 0.5m on the north side and with a few protruding perimeter stones but no obvious entrance.
B: Levelled and of 6.3m internal diameter with rubble walling 1.0m wide and up to 0.7m high where in situ boulders are incorporated. No entrance is visible but a quantity of clearance stone has been thrown into the interior.
C: A hut with walling of single blocks 0.4m wide and 0.3m high, with an internal diameter of 4.5m and an entrance gap at the north east.
D: A hut of 6.6m internal diameter, cut into the hillside to a depth of 0.5m. Walling of single slabs and blocks, 0.5m wide and up to 0.4m high, supplemented by some external rubble. No entrance is visible.
E: Levelled to a height of 0.7m on the north to make a platform 5.1m by 3.5m with an entrance gap on the north west. The walling, 1.0m wide and 0.4m high, is of single blocks with external rubble.
There are remains of a field system associated with the settlement and extending over 11.0 ha centred at SX 545792. The fields vary from 30m by 20m to 50m by 70m usually with rather curvilinear boundaries though most have been stripped out and overlaid by a Medieval or later system so that only faint lynchetting and banks now survive. It is the settlement enclosure and a field which are visible as one feature on the OS air photograph.
Settlement surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD and at 1:2500. See ground photographs.

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV278185.

Aph=os/75/369 172.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV278186.

Fleming, a. /pps/44(1978)/97-123/the prehistoric landscape of dartmoor. The other two huts are free standing within the enclosure. There are remains of a field system associated with the settlement, extending over 11ha centred at sx545792. The fields vary from 30m by 20m to 50m by 70m, with curvilinear boundaries, now overlain by a medieval or later field system. From the enclosure runs one of the parallel reaves, running west-east to the north of the great western reave (fleming).

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV278187.

Aph=nmr sx5479/3/120(20/5/1977).

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Enclosure within modern agricultural land to the north of White Tor. Incomplete circuit.

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1987-1993, Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit (Report - Survey). SDV350839.

(05/02/1988) SX 5441 7921. A settlement comprising four hut circles and the remains of associated enclosures is situated on a moderate slope in medium clitter 500m N of White Tor. The site is split into two unequal parts by a large, maintained field wall running N to S and separating moorland to the W from enclosed pasture to the E.
Parts of three, rectilinear enclosures are attached in series to the S side of an E-W reave (SX 57 NW 85 C) traversing Cudlipptown Down, with fragmentary traces of a fourth attached to the N side. They occupy an area of c.0.6ha overall. Where best preserved the enclosure walls are 1.5m to 2m wide and 0.5m high and are composed of medium and large stones/boulders forming rubble lines occasionally linking natural rock outcrops. The reave is a stony scarp falling to the N and is 1.5m wide and 0.7m high.
Three hut circles: "C" "D" and "E" are linked by perimeter walling of the central enclosure S of the reave: they appear to pre-date the enclosure walls. Hut circle "B" may have been on the same perimeter but robbing has removed any relationship. The most easterly of the enclosures seems also to be an addition onto the SE side of hut circle "D".
The hut circles are as described by authority 2 with the following additions:
"A" SX 5439 7921 This scoop feature is possibly an annexe to hut "B"
"B" SX 5440 7921 A very fragmentary hut circle, appearing as a ring of stones and boulders.
"C" SX 5440 7918 A subcircular hut circle. No entrance is evident.
"D" SX 5441 7917
"E" SX 5443 7920 There are clear traces of double-faced walling to this hut circle. It is very well preserved; the best of the group.
The extensive field system recorded by Ordnance Survey (1978) to the E of the settlement is almost entirely Medieval in origin and is associated with a Medieval settlement (SX 57 NW 62). Consequently it is recorded separately now, as SX 57 NW 133. However, a series of small strip fields are attached to the most easterly of the prehistoric enclosures and they echo the line of the reave (SX 57 NW 85 C). This introduces the possibility that elements of the field system are pre-medieval, a fact recognized by Ordnance Survey.
See RCHME 1:2500 Survey of Cudlipptown Down.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 94, Map 31.15 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Butler depictes this settlement with four internal hut circles.

Newman, P., 2004, Merrivale Range Baseline Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV346874.

(25/08/2004) Merrivale Range Baseline Condition Survey Visit. The huts and small enclosure remain as described in 1988. They lie in short-cropped grass and are in a stable condition.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Enclosure and hut circles visible on the aerial photography.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 94, Map 31.15.
SDV278184Migrated Record:
SDV278185Aerial Photograph:
SDV278186Migrated Record:
SDV278187Aerial Photograph:
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV346874Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2004. Merrivale Range Baseline Condition Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown. [Mapped feature: #132574 ]
SDV350839Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1987-1993. Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. Unknown.

Associated Monuments

MDV26292Related to: Building in farmland to the north of White Tor (Building)
MDV103572Related to: Cudlipptown Lower Reave (Monument)
MDV26288Related to: Enclosure on Cudlipptown Down (Monument)
MDV103571Related to: Field system on north Cudlipptown Down (Monument)
MDV56612Related to: Medieval field system surrounding Butworthy (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7441 - Condition survey of the archaeological sites of Merrivale Training Area
  • EDV7570 - Condition survey of Merrivale Range training area
  • EDV8423 - Duchy Farms Project
  • EDV8713 - Merrivale Range: Monument Baseline Condition Survey

Date Last Edited:Sep 3 2021 1:43PM