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HER Number:MDV12836
Name:Longhouse in hut circle settlement at Stanlake

Summary

Medieval longhouse situated within a large unenclosed stone hut circle settlement. Terraced into the hillslope. Rectangular in plan and composed of rubble walls containing some large orthostats. The interior of the structure measures 12m long by 3m wide and is defined by a 1.5m wide wall standing up to 0.5m high. The southern wall has seen limited damage as a result of a post-medieval wall being built over it. Opposed entrances survive largely as buried features mid-way along the long edges of the structure. This building lies within a prehistoric irregular aggregate field system and is attached to a prehistoric boundary wall, which may have been re-used. Stone hut circles in the vicinity of this longhouse may have been re-used as storage buildings. Two strip fields composed of three parallel boundary banks survive to the east of the structure and are probably contemporary.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 569 711
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 57 SE 89
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/150
  • Old SAM Ref: 22288
  • Pastscape: 440279

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LONGHOUSE (Built, Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX57SE89 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV276972.

(20/06/1977) At SX 5696 7117 are the remains of a Medieval longhouse. It is set at right angles to the contours on a slight slope at 320m OD. The walling, turf covered, is 1.0m wide and 0.3m high. Internally the structure measures 11.0m by 3.0m and the lower, south end is obscured by a later field wall. Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on aerial photographs used in project.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 130779, 1992 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Medieval longhouse situated within a large unenclosed stone hut circle settlement. Terraced into the hillslope. Rectangular in plan and composed of rubble walls containing some large orthostats. The interior of the structure measures 12m long by 3m wide and is defined by a 1.5m wide wall standing up to 0.5m high. The southern wall has seen limited damage as a result of a post-medieval wall being built over it. Opposed entrances survive largely as buried features mid-way along the long edges of the structure. This building lies within a prehistoric irregular aggregate field system and is attached to a prehistoric boundary wall, which may have been re-used. Stone hut circles in the vicinity of this longhouse may have been re-used as storage buildings. Two strip fields composed of three parallel boundary banks survive to the east of the structure and are probably contemporary.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West (Monograph). SDV137656.

Gerrard, S., 1997, Stanlake Prehistoric Settlement, 20 (Article in Serial). SDV345536.

Environment Agency WMS, 1998-2016, LiDAR DTM data JPEG image (1m resolution) (Cartographic). SDV360208.

Visible on the lidar data.

Fletcher, M. J., 2007, Survey of the Stanlake Settlement (Report - Survey). SDV271993.

(30/10/2007) This isolated longhouse situated on the edge of an extensive Bronze Age settlement is well defined with collapsed walling a maximum 0.6m in height. Fragments of linear banks of the associated field system and clearance cairns are now under dense bracken cover. Surveyed at 1:2500 scale.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, WLK-91 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 23/11/2019. Overall condition moderate. Photo taken.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, WLK-91 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photo looking 350° showing grass/moss and bracken covering.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume.
SDV271993Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. J.. 2007. Survey of the Stanlake Settlement. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. Unknown.
SDV276972Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX57SE89. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 130779, 1992.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345536Article in Serial: Gerrard, S.. 1997. Stanlake Prehistoric Settlement. Meavy Valley Archaeology Report. 1. Paperback Volume. 20.
SDV360208Cartographic: Environment Agency WMS. 1998-2016. LiDAR DTM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-91.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-91.

Associated Monuments

MDV3790Related to: Hut Settlement north of Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50237Related to: Medieval field system south-south-west of Black Tor (Monument)
MDV50238Related to: Post-Medieval field system south-south-west of Black Tor (Monument)
MDV50199Related to: Shelter in settlement south of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7518 - Survey of the Stanlake Prehistoric Settlement
  • EDV8195 - Field Investigation Survey of the Stanlake settlement

Date Last Edited:Nov 25 2019 2:23PM