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HER Number:MDV12838
Name:Cairn in Stanlake Plantation, Walkhampton

Summary

Area of cairns between the Devonport Leat and River Meavy. Several cairns, some very large within this plot, marked on the Tithe Map as 'burrow' field. The field name suggests that mounds existed in 1839 but their situation and present appearance conforms to late clearance rather than any other type of cairn and similar groups may exist in other parts of the forest.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 568 703
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/153
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/381

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Former Type) CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • CLEARANCE CAIRN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD? to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

NMR, CITING SWWA, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV238954.

Clearance cairns? (nmr, citing swwa).


NMR, CITING OS, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV238956.

The field at the ngr quoted is about 1.6 ha in area and is on a 1 in 6 se slope at 280m od. According to greeves it is called 'burrow park' in the ta of 1839. The field contains a random distribution of about a dozen stone heaps which vary from roughly circular, 3m in diam and 0.7m high, to mounds 15m long, 5m wide and 1.5m high. None of the mounds is overgrown with turf or humus and all are made up of small, easily gathered stones. The field name suggests that mounds existed in 1839 but their situation and present appearance conforms to late clearance rather than any other type of cairn and similar groups may exist in other parts of the forest (nmr, citing os).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV238957.

Nmr=sx57se75.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Untitled Source (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV24.

Vis=25/6/1980 (os) burrator conifer forest, first planted in the 1920's, utilises land that was enclosed by way of several hundred small fields in the18c or 19c. Their substantial walling indicates the quantity of surface stone that was cleared, including not only natural accretions but remains of prehistoric settlement. Some traces of this still survive and the sizes and shapes of some fields clearly show the fossilisation of prehistoric enclosures.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Untitled Source (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV24.

Not visible due to tree cover on raf 1946 photos (rchm app 1985). Vis=25/6/1980 (os). Burrator conifer forest, first planted in the 1920's, utilizes land that was enclosed by way of several hundred small fields in the 18th or 19th centuries. Their substantial walling indicates the quantity of surface stone that was cleared, including not only natural accretions but remains of prehistoric settlement. Some traces of this still survive and the sizes and shapes of some fields clearly show the fossilization of prehistoric enclosures. The field is about 1.6ha in area and is on a 1/6 south east slope at 280m. In the tithe apportionment of 1839 it is called 'burrow park'. The field contains a random distribution of about a dozen stone heaps which vary from roughly circular, 3m in diameter and 0.7m high, to mounds 15m long, 5m wide and 1.5m high. None of the mounds is overgrown with turf or humus and all are made up of small, easily gathered stones. The field name suggests that mounds existed in 1839 but their situation and present appearance conforms to late clearance rather than any other type of cairn and similar groups may exist in other parts of ther forest (os).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV276977.

Des=greeves, t. /dcra swwa burrator survey/(1979)no.4(in smr).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV276978.

Des=ta 871,872,873,874.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV276979.

Osa=sx57se75.


Greeves, T. A. P., Untitled Source (Worksheet). SDV69961.

Area of cairns between devonport leat and river meavy. An area centred at above ngr contains several cairns, some very large. T. M. Gives 'burrow' field names to several of the fields. Possibly clearance cairns of unknown pre-19th century date, but some of them may be prehistoric. Also the remains of a possibly prehistoric enclosure wall. Trees to be thinned but a further archaeological assessment is needed (greeves).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV238954Migrated Record: NMR, CITING SWWA.
SDV238956Migrated Record: NMR, CITING OS.
SDV238957Migrated Record:
SDV24Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV276977Migrated Record:
SDV276978Migrated Record:
SDV276979Migrated Record:
SDV69961Worksheet: Greeves, T. A. P..

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Apr 10 2018 2:47PM