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HER Number:MDV12839
Name:Reddipitt Farm, deserted site north-east of Leather Tor Bridge

Summary

Complex of ruined farm buildings some of which may be medieval in origin. 16th and 17th century pottery has been found. Described by Burnard in 1894 as 'occupied not many years since'.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 570 701
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/154
  • Old SAM Ref: 22382

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (Constructed, XVII - 1601 AD to 1700 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 10/04/1953, 540/1040, 0129 (Aerial Photograph). SDV351329.

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

Reddipitt is depicted on the Tithe Map, plots: 925, 929. Farm two main buildings either side of a trackway and a few smaller associated structures.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The late 19th century historic map depicts 'Riddy Pit' and shows two of the buildings; one only in outline.

Burnard, R., 1894, Dartmoor Pictorial Records. Plymouth, IV, 66-67. (Monograph). SDV232119.

Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M., 1931, The Place-Names of Devon: Part One, 245-6 (Monograph). SDV1312.

Riddy Pit is mentioned as 'Reedapitt' in deed of 1611.

Linehan, C. D., 1966, Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon, 124-5 (Article in Serial). SDV307246.

Riddipit Farm: complex of ruined farm buildings east of the River Meavy. Linehan describes a deserted medieval site at Riddipit at SX571702.

Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor, 117, 8/4/1966 (Un-published). SDV150434.

Riddipit (SX 570701). Located 60 yards north of Lether Tor Bridge, beside the car track which follows the Meavy. Thickly grown with spruce. Although its regular approach must have been the cart track referred to, there is also a sunken lane leading uphill to the east which eventually leads into a field. A clear stream in a deep gurt runs parallel to this track and disappears as it nears the house into what looks like a mining adit. The whole course of this stream and vicinity has been well dug over by tinners. A small leat can be traced for a short distance. The stream reappears a few yards south of the main building and flows under the track by culvert into the Meavy.
The main house (MDV66644) is only of mortared stone, a long house of three rooms, with possible sub-division of the longest room. A doorway (or window) on the south side of the middle room measures 3 feet 6 inches wide. A window in the western room 19 feet by 16 feet, south wall and a narrow slit at ground level at the western (lower) end of the room may be a drain. The southern wall of the house has been damaged recently (since last summer) by branches and thinnings being dragged across it.
Two outhouses (MDV66645) lie east of the main house, one very narrow (dairy?) with 6 foot dividing wall.
Across the yard is a long building divided into three rooms (MDV66643). In one of these rooms is a recess which rounds one of the corners and could have been a chimney. This structure might have been the original longhouse of the farm, replaced by the later mortared building. Beyond this the home field, which has a very sharp indentation in its wall. Here, in this concavity are two mortar stones, probably from the nearby Blowing House.
In the middle of the yard, a small house 10 feet by 6 feet, with a rounded vertical stone in its doorway, contains an iron pin (as at Croftshead) and two small holes (MDV66645). The two field walls leading south from the main house form a triangle, meeting at the track side. At the point of the junction there appears to have been a building of some sort, which has entirely collapsed (SX 5695 7001).
Earliest mention of the farm is from 1611 (citing Place Names of Devon). Sketch plan drawn of site.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX57SE71, 24/8/1977 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV276835.

The remains of a building at sx57027010 appear to be separate from the blowing house at sx57007007.

Greeves, T. A. P., 1979, South West Water Authority Burrator Survey, No. 5, 5a/plans in SMR (Report - non-specific). SDV278356.

Complex of ruined farm buildings some of which may be medieval in origin. 16th and 17th century pottery has been found. Described by Burnard in 1894 as 'occupied not many years since'. Vegetation to be cleared 1979.

Hemery, E., 1983, High Dartmoor, 124 (Monograph). SDV249702.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible due to the cover on Royal Air Force 1946 photos.

Greeves, T. A. P., 1987, List of donations to the Plymouth Museum (Un-published). SDV243606.

23/1/1977 Riddipit - rim sherd (16th/17th century).
23/1/1977 Riddipit - abraded sherd.
23/1/1977 Riddipit - rim sherds etc. of 17th/18th century.
23/1/1977 Riddipit - rim sherd of bowl (possibly 18th century).
23/1/1977 Riddipit - spout of jug (possibly 17th century).
15/6/1976 Riddipit - rim sherd (17th/18th century).
23/1/1977 Riddipit - handle of jug (possibly 17th century).
8/5/1978 Riddipit - rim sherd.
23/1/1977 Riddipit - rim sherd (16/17th century).

Newman, P., 1994, Tinners and Tenants on South-West Dartmoor: a case study in landscape history, 224 (Article in Serial). SDV340414.

White, P., 2013, Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads (Un-published). SDV352501.

Reddipit is included on list. No further information provided.

English Heritage, 2015, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV357602.

The monument includes the core part of Keaglesborough Mine together with an historic farmstead known as Riddipit situated on the lower western slopes of Raddick Hill overlooking the River Meavy.
Riddipit farmstead stands at the lower end of the openwork and survives as a group of two long buildings, together with ancillary structures, situated around a central courtyard. The farm at Riddipit certainly dates to the middle part of the 16th century, but may have earlier origins. Considerable quantities of 16th and 17th century pottery recovered from the site provide evidence of occupation during this period. All of the surviving buildings are of drystone construction with the walls standing up to 1.6m high. The farmstead was abandoned in the middle part of the 19th century.
All modern fence posts within the monument are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV1312Monograph: Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M.. 1931. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. VIII. A5 Hardback. 245-6.
SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital. 117, 8/4/1966.
SDV232119Monograph: Burnard, R.. 1894. Dartmoor Pictorial Records. Plymouth. Dartmoor Pictorial Records. Plymouth. IV. Unknown. IV, 66-67..
SDV243606Un-published: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1987. List of donations to the Plymouth Museum. Unknown.
SDV249702Monograph: Hemery, E.. 1983. High Dartmoor. High Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 124.
SDV276835Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX57SE71. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. 24/8/1977.
SDV278356Report - non-specific: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1979. South West Water Authority Burrator Survey. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Report. 18. Unknown. No. 5, 5a/plans in SMR.
SDV307246Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1966. Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon. Medieval Archaeology. 10. Digital. 124-5.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV340414Article in Serial: Newman, P.. 1994. Tinners and Tenants on South-West Dartmoor: a case study in landscape history. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 126. A5 Paperback. 224.
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV351329Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 10/04/1953. 540/1040. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 0129.
SDV352501Un-published: White, P.. 2013. Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads. Excel Spreadsheet.
SDV357602National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2015. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV66645Parent of: Ancillary buildings at Riddipit Farmstead, Walkhampton (Building)
MDV66646Parent of: Building forming an outlying part of Riddipit Farmstead, Walkhampton (Building)
MDV66643Parent of: Northern building within Riddipit Farmstead, Walkhampton (Building)
MDV66644Parent of: Southern building within Riddipit Farmstead, Walkhampton (Building)

Associated Finds

  • FDV4006 - RIM SHERD (XV to XVII - 1500 AD to 1700 AD)
  • FDV4007 - JUG (XVI to XVII - 1600 AD to 1699 AD?)
  • FDV4008 - BOWL (XVII to XVIII - 1700 AD to 1799 AD?)

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jan 6 2020 12:00PM