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HER Number:MDV12905
Name:Tor cairn on Shell Top

Summary

The tor cairn remains as described by the Ordnance Survey (1977). Later activity on and around this feature is evidenced by an early OS triangulation mark inscribed on the highest part of the tor and a large rectangular pit, possibly of military origin, impinging on the north-east side of the cairn.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 597 637
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56SE68
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 439300
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/62
  • Old SAM Ref: 10614

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Former Type) CIST (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))
  • TOR CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV153029.

Row, s. /perambulation of the forest of Dartmoor/(1896)173.

Fleming, A. + Collis, J. + Jones, R. L., 1973, A Late Prehistoric Reave System near Cholwich Town, Dartmoor, 20 fig 7 (Article in Serial). SDV358808.

The blocks on Shell Top (SX 59766380) appear to have been moved to form a triangular cist. Around the blocks there is a mound, constructed of small boulders, but not enough to have formed a cairn.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX56SE68 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV153032.

(19/08/1977) SX 59756379. Shell Top is a small granite tor lying 470m. above OD., and two of the upper blocks are displaced to form a triangular cavity, 2.5m. by 1.5m. maximum, and 0.8m. deep; it is floored by granite and empty. The displacement is almost certainly natural and the resultant cavity is far in excess of the usual cist dimensions. Small boulders have been placed around the tor to form a typical tor cairn, 16.5m. diameter and 1.4m. high; the tor standing 1.4m. above them.
Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 135, Cornwood 1. (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(25/09/1976) A fairly flat topped cairn built around a tor which projects 1m above it and encloses a structure resembling a triangular cist. Diameter 17m, height 1.3m.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not recorded.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 48 77/E53 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Platform cairn. Ring of orthostats 13.5m in diameter around a flat-topped mound 0.2m high. In centre is a cairn 9.5m diam and 0.5m high with boulder of tor 1.5m above cairn. Disturbed on southern side.

Crossing, W., 1992, Crossing's Dartmoor Worker, (2nd ed 1966: pg 410) (Monograph). SDV351364.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West (Monograph). SDV137656.

Depicted and described by Butler.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

(31/07/2002) SX 59756379. The tor cairn remains as described by the Ordnance Survey (1977). Later activity on and around this feature is evidenced by an early OS triangulation mark inscribed on the highest part of the tor and a large rectangular pit, possibly of military origin, impinging on the NE side of the cairn.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume.
SDV153029Migrated Record:
SDV153032Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX56SE68. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 48 77/E53.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 135, Cornwood 1..
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital. [Mapped feature: #80692 ]
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV351364Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1992. Crossing's Dartmoor Worker. Crossing's Dartmoor Worker. Paperback Volume. (2nd ed 1966: pg 410).
SDV358808Article in Serial: Fleming, A. + Collis, J. + Jones, R. L.. 1973. A Late Prehistoric Reave System near Cholwich Town, Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Exploration Society. 31. Unknown. 20 fig 7.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey: EH Project (Feb 2001 - Dec 2002)

Date Last Edited:Sep 20 2021 2:50PM