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HER Number:MDV12906
Name:Cross Shaft from Cholwich Town Farm


Site of the remains of a cross shaft found at Cholwich Town farm but now lost


Grid Reference:SX 587 618
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 439199
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/63/1
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX56SE32

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS (Unknown date)

Full description

Masson Phillips, E. N., 1937, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I, 303 (Article in Serial). SDV240502.

An octagonal cross shaft was found in a stone wall to the south-east of Cholwich Town farm.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56SE32 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV343420.

Remains of a stone cross on a rough stone wall to the south-east of the farmhouse at Cholwich Town and formerly in use as a rick staddle nearby. It is a cross shaft of octagonal section with head and arms broken off. An octagonal tenon near the base is a relic of its use as a staddle stone. The shaft is to be erected near to the other cross.
This portion of red granite cross shaft was in use as a gatepost in the rickyard.

National Monuments Record, 2002, 439199 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV343423.

Worked stone of octagonal section, similar in form to a window mullion, stands beside a moorland cross at SX58626118. It is 0.4 metres high and 0.25 metres across at its widest.
Its size is such that it could have been utilised as a stem for a staddle stone but Masson Phillips is unlikely to have mistaken it for a cross shaft and it seems that his recorded fragment is now lost.

Fletcher, M., 2002, The Archaeological Landscape of Crownhill Down and Ridding Down: Survey Report (Report - Survey). SDV343412.

Watson, A., 2007-2017?, Devon Crosses, 99, (Vol 1), sketch (Un-published). SDV360833.

Cholwich Town SX585623
A cross stood on a low bank near the entrance to Cholwich Town Farm, it was either the shaft of cross with its head broken off, or a partially formed cross abandoned in the course of making. The head extension apparently broken off, the arms and tapered shaft are only partially formed and cut away. The cross had served as a gatepost. The Dartmoor National Park Authority erected the cross in 1969, it has since been removed sometime in 1978 by persons unknown.
Shaft height 2.29 metres, span 0.76 metres.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV240502Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1937. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A5 Hardback. 303.
SDV343412Report - Survey: Fletcher, M.. 2002. The Archaeological Landscape of Crownhill Down and Ridding Down: Survey Report. English Heritage Report. AI/31/2002. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV343420Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56SE32. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV343423National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2002. 439199. National Monuments Record Index. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV360833Un-published: Watson, A.. 2007-2017?. Devon Crosses. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 99, (Vol 1), sketch.

Associated Monuments

MDV2520Related to: Medieval Stone Cross north of Tinpark Farm (Building)
MDV75895Related to: Worked Stone beside Cross to north of Tinpark Farm (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4559 - Archaeological Landscape of Crownhill Down and Riddding Down

Date Last Edited:Feb 15 2018 7:48PM