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HER Number:MDV12949
Name:Prehistoric enclosure 430 meters east of Huxton Farm

Summary

The remains of an enclosure containing one hut circle, of probable prehistoric date, are visible within the surrounding parallel reave system on the west-facing slopes of Shaugh Moor. The surviving part of the enclosure comprises a double-faced boulder/slab wall up to 0.8 metres high with some stone infill. A curvilinear row of eight upright slabs denote the remains of a hut circle (see MDV48882). The enclosure and hut circle are clearly visible as ruined structures on aerial photographs of the 1950s to 1960s and digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2016. This site is included in the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 551 630
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Bronze age landscapes on Shaugh Moor and Wooter Moor comprising earthworks and walling of enclosures, hut circles, cairns, stone circles and rows, reaves and field systems, and medieval and post medieval field systems

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56SE85
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/164
  • Pastscape: 439349
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, CPE/UK 1890, 2299, 2300 (Aerial Photograph). SDV140289.

Harold Wingham Collection, 1959, HAW Film 9392, HAW 9392/42 22-JUL-1959 (AF) (Aerial Photograph). SDV351251.

A stony bank defined enclosure is visible as an earthwork.

Royal Air Force, 1964, RAF/58/6399, RAF/58/6399 F64 0382-0383 02-JUL-1964 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363068.

A stony bank defined enclosure is visible as an earthwork.

Price, D. G., 1973, Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor, 90 (Article in Serial). SDV147593.

A 'pound' near the 'Cadover road' and four fields to the southwest are bounded by upright stones. (Site visited some time in 1972?) Other details: Map.

National Monuments Record, 1977, NMR SX5562, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV152746.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX56SE85 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV152743.

At SX55176302 is a homestead, of which both the hut and the enclosure have been extensively robbed. The enclosure walling is best preserved on the north side (see ground photograph) where massive slabs and boulders form a double wall 1.2 meters wide and up to 1.0 meter high. Elsewhere there is now only single walling and major gaps particularly on the west (see plan). The interior, heavily overgrown with bracken, is cleared apart from large rocks.

National Monuments Record, 1980, Untitled Source (Unattributed Sites and Monuments Register Entry). SDV152742.

Under current bracken condition only one fragment of the field wall could be detected 15.0 meters from the enclosure this extends to the south-west for 52.0 meters as a turf-covered bank 1.3 meters wide and 0.2 meters high (National Monuments Record, citing Ordnance Survey).

Collis, J., 1983, Field Systems and Boundaries on Shaugh Moor and at Wotter, Dartmoor, 57, 59 (Article in Serial). SDV144058.

Enclosure "A", in slight hollow consists of a double line of slabs up to 1.0 meter high, but smaller on the western side where it is heavily robbed. This enclosure would have enclosed approximately 0.066 hectares. This is possibly part of earliest phase of activity on Shaugh Moor. Other details: Figure 7.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Enclosure visible containing one hut circle.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West (Monograph). SDV137656.

Depicted on map as enclosure C. This enclosure and hut circle are in poor condition; stone may have been robbed from here to help build the road to the west. This enclosure appears to have been roughly oval in shape with a central hut and integrated into the reave system by walls at either end. Only the largest blocks from the building remain.

Fletcher, M. + Probert, S., 1998, Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey (Report - Survey). SDV343481.

(Visited 01/12/1997) Centred at SX 5518 6302. The remains of an enclosure containing one hut circle is cut into a south-west facing hillside at 240 metres above OD. It lies within the parallel reave system (SX 56 SE 78) which has been extensively robbed so is visible in this are chiefly as linear stony lynchets. The surviving part of the enclosure comprises a double-faced boulder/slab wall up to 0.8 metres high with some stone infill. Most of the downhill side has been effaced and the position of the entrance is not clear.
A curvilinear row of eight upright slabs denote the remains of a hut circle located on a gently sloping hillside. A single boulder on the opposite side indicates that the hut was approximately 10.0 metres in overall diameter. It was probably robbed for metalling for the adjacent road.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 31-MAY-2016 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A stony bank defined enclosure is visible as an earthwork.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345521.

Depicted on English Heritage GIS survey layer.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Enclosure visible on aerial photography.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, SM14 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 04/08/2019. The eight upright slabs making up the remains of a hut circle found but covered in bracken at time of survey. Single slab mentioned in description is as described on its own and firmly fixed. The site is 90% covered with thick bracken. Path 3m to east of pound shows minor wear with bare patches, however boulders on this side prevent path encroachment on site. Photo taken

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, SM14 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 04/08/2019. Photo taken of the north east corner of the enclosure wall looking south

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A stony bank approximately 1.5m wide is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs of 1959 and 1964 as a fragmentary earthwork on the west-facing slopes of Shaugh Moor, defining a rectilinear enclosure approximately 33m long and 22m wide.
The earthworks are interpreted as the remains of an enclosure of probable Bronze Age date. It is possible that the hut circle predates but was associated with the surrounding reave system.
The enclosure is identifiable as a slight earthwork on visualisations derived from low resolution lidar data captured in 2013.
A single possible hut circle is visible within the enclosure and is recorded separately as MDV48882.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume.
SDV140289Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. CPE/UK 1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2299, 2300.
SDV144058Article in Serial: Collis, J.. 1983. Field Systems and Boundaries on Shaugh Moor and at Wotter, Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 41. A5 Paperback. 57, 59.
SDV147593Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1973. Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 105. Unknown. 90.
SDV152742Unattributed Sites and Monuments Register Entry: National Monuments Record. 1980. Unknown.
SDV152743Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX56SE85. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV152746Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. NMR SX5562. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV343481Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Probert, S.. 1998. Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown.
SDV345521Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV351251Aerial Photograph: Harold Wingham Collection. 1959. HAW Film 9392. Harold Wingham Collection. Photograph (Paper). HAW 9392/42 22-JUL-1959 (AF).
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM14.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363068Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. RAF/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/58/6399 F64 0382-0383 02-JUL-1964.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM14.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 31-MAY-2016. [Mapped feature: #123411 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV48882Parent of: Hut circle in enclosure 435 meters east of Huxton Farm (Monument)
MDV2590Part of: Shaugh Moor parallel reave field system (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4967 - Survey of Shaugh Moor
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 17 2019 6:07PM