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HER Number:MDV12952
Name:Sub-rectangular shaped enclosure, Shaugh Moor

Summary

A well-defined sub-rectangular enclosure situated on a north-facing hillside. The low enclosure wall of boulders and stones is spread to 2.0 meters wide; a 5.0 meters wide gap occurs on the downhill side. Four freestanding hut circles located on the north-facing hillslope have been identified. The enclosure is visible as a stony earthwork bank on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2016.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 557 634
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 439361
  • National Monuments Record: SX56SE89
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/167
  • Old SAM County Ref: 428
  • Pastscape: 439361

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • OVAL ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 2399 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Price, D. G., 1973, Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor, 89 (Article in Serial). SDV147593.

A pound and three hut circles, all outside the pound. Other details: Plan.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX5563, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV138651.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX56SE89 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV152524.

The enclosure, centred at SX55786349, is generally as described by Smith (1980), the rubble walling at most 0.4 metres high. A gap of 5.5 metres in the north may have incorporated an original entrance.
Hut 'A' is of Type 2 with double walling 1.0 metres wide and 0.6 metres high. There is a wide gap on the south-east.
Hut 'B' is also of Type 2 but largely stripped of stone. It has an internal diameter of 6.5 metres, and the remains of walling, 2.3 metres wide and up to 0.5 metres high.
Hut 'C', of Type 2 has an internal diameter of 6.3 metres and walling 2.6 metres wide and 0.6 metres high.
Hut 'D' has an internal diameter of 4.3 metres and turf-covered walling 1.6 metres wide and 0.5 metres high. It is of indeterminate type. Other details: Plan.

Smith, K., 1980, Typescript notes and plan of Shaugh Moor (Un-published). SDV138646.

A roughly rectangular enclosure 33.0 metres from north to south and 22.0 metres from east to west with no apparent entrance or internal hut circles. The bank is low and weak, 0.8 metres wide, and appear to be composed of small rubble with no facing stones or upright orthostats. The interior has been cleared of all clitter save for earth-fast boulders.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Ovoid enclosure visible and recorded containing two attached hut circles. There are traces of agglomeration.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 99-101 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Enclosure C; one of seven enclosures with associated hut circles in the area. No hut circles are located within this enclosure but there are four in close proximity of it. Butler states that the impressive hut circle to the south-west of the enclosure (6) was the most important building in the settlement. It measures 8.2 metres in diameter and has an inner and outer downhill wall and was either rebuilt using the original dividing wall for the new foundation or perhaps the outer wall was erected as a windbreak outside the entrance. Other details: Map 48, 3.

Fletcher, M. + Probert, S., 1998, Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey (Report - Survey). SDV343481.

(Visited 03/12/1997) Centred at SX55776349. A well-defined sub-rectangular enclosure situated on a north-facing hillside. The low enclosure wall of boulders and stones is spread to 2.0 meters wide; a 5.0 metres wide gap occurs on the downhill side. Four freestanding hut circles located on the north-facing hillslope have been identified.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 31-MAY-2016 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A stony bank was visible as an earthwork.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5563 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

A bank was identifiable as an earthwork.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, SM30 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 08/09/2019. The 1997 Royal Commission site description is good with no change found. A clearly defined enclosure.Vegetation mixture of western gorse with patches of bracken, the boundary 80% covered in bracken. The internal area of the enclosure is lightly grazed between the gorse and the bracken. The site is stable. Photo taken.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, SM30 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 08/09/2019. A photo taken looking south up the slope inside the enclosure

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A roughly oval or sub-rectangular enclosure of probable Bronze Age date is visible on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2016 as a stony earthwork up to 2m wide, defining an enclosed area approximately 34m long, north to south, and 22m wide, east to west.
It was not possibly to confidently identify an entrance from the sources available to the survey, although a break in the circuit might be visible at the south-west corner of the enclosure.
Despite the poor resolution the enclosure is identifiable as an earthwork on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.
No hut circles were visible within or integrated into the enclosure earthwork.

Cambridge University, Unknown, CUC/AQX, CUC/AQX 49 (Aerial Photograph). SDV355237.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 99-101.
SDV138646Un-published: Smith, K.. 1980. Typescript notes and plan of Shaugh Moor. Unknown.
SDV138651Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX5563. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1.
SDV147593Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1973. Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 105. Unknown. 89.
SDV152524Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX56SE89. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2399.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV343481Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Probert, S.. 1998. Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV355237Aerial Photograph: Cambridge University. Unknown. CUC/AQX. Cambridge University Collection of Aerial Photographs. Photograph (Paper). CUC/AQX 49.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5563 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM30.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM30.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 31-MAY-2016. [Mapped feature: #123374 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV125916Parent of: Hut east of sub-rectangular enclosure at Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV125914Parent of: Hut south-west of sub-rectangular enclosure at Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV125915Parent of: Hut south-west of sub-rectangular enclosure at Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV125913Parent of: Hut west of sub-rectangular enclosure at Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV12951Related to: D-shaped hut circle settlement enclosure, Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV2440Related to: Enclosed hut circle settlement, Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV12953Related to: Hut circle settlement, Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV12778Related to: Hut circle settlement, Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV12779Related to: Hut circle settlement, Shaugh Moor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4967 - Survey of Shaugh Moor
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 16 2019 12:25PM