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HER Number:MDV12953
Name:Hut circle settlement, Shaugh Moor

Summary

A roughly pentagonal bank defined hut circle enclosure of probable Bronze Age date is recorded from field investigation and aerial survey on the north-facing slopes of Shaugh Moor. The banks define an internal area circa 25m by 17m across. Two hut circles are recorded integrated into the enclosure bank. The earthworks are visible on aerial photographs of 1946 and 1964, digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2016 and are identifiable as earthworks on visualisations derived from low resolution lidar data captured in 2013.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 556 634
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56SE90
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/168
  • Old SAM County Ref: 428
  • Pastscape: 439364

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp 2 5140-5141 12-JUL-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352279.

Linear banks are visible as earthworks.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 2299 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Royal Air Force, 1964, RAF/58/6399, RAF/58/6399 F64 0382-0383 02-JUL-1964 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363068.

Linear banks are visible as earthworks.

Price, D. G., 1973, Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor, 89 (Article in Serial). SDV147593.

A pound and four hut circles outside the pound. (Site visited during 1972) Other details: Plan.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX56SE90 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV152508.

The enclosure, centred at SX55606347, is somewhat angular in plan, but broadly as described by Smith (1980), with rubble walling 2.0 metres wide and 0.6 metres high. Of the four free-standing huts, A, C and D are of Type 2 (SX 56 NE 71).
The internal diameters range from 4.7 metres to 5.0 metres with walling from 1.3 to 1.7 metres wide and 0.5 metres high. Gaps and possible entrances occur on the east, north, and south. Hut 'B' appears to be of Type 1, levelled into the slope, with an internal diameter of 2.4 metres and rubble walling 1.0 metres wide and 0.3 metres high. Other details: Plan.

Smith, K., 1980, Typescript notes and plan of Shaugh Moor (Un-published). SDV138646.

An enclosure which is an irregular oval in plan, 25.0 metres from east to west and 17.0 metres from north to south. It is on a marked north-facing slope and the bank is ill-defined. The interior is characteristically cleared of stone save for some earth-fast boulders. Soil has built up within the enclosure against the inner edge of the downslope wall. There is no undoubted entrance and a single extremely ruinous hut can be seen in the north-west corner of the enclosure.
A small ruinous hut south of enclosure is 8.0 metres in overall diameter from west to east. A single vertical liner is visible and the apparent entrance appears to be orientated south-east.
A substantial isolated hut lies 40.0 metres south-west of the enclosure. It is terraced into the side of the hill and is approximately 5.0 metres in internal diameter. The sporadic stones of internal wall-liners can be seen but the entrance is not apparent. Of the two huts to the east the nearest to the enclosure is a ruinous hut 5.0 metres in internal diameter terraced into the hillside. The wall is obscured by vegetation and no entrance is apparent. The second is a well preserved and substantial hut 5.0 metres in diameter with the internal liners sporadically preserved and a south-orientated entrance. 

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Ovoid feature visible with one hut circle outside to the south-west.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 99-101 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Enclosure F; one of seven enclosures with associated hut circles in the area. This enclosure has one integrated hut circles and one just outside the walls to the south-west. Two more circles are located to the east of the enclosure, while there is a further isolated circle further to the south-west of this enclosure. It has been damaged through stone robbing. Other details: Map 48, 3.

Fletcher, M. + Probert, S., 1998, Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey (Report - Survey). SDV343481.

(Visited 02/12/1997) Centred at SX55606348. A small enclosure situated on a north-facing hillslope. The boulder and stone walling which has been robbed is on the downhill side 3.4 metres wide and a maximum 0.7 metres high and elsewhere it is spread to 7.2 metres wide and is 0.6 metres high. Two hut circles are incorporated into the walls and four huts lie in a row to the north.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 31-MAY-2016 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Linear banks are visible as earthworks.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5563 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

Linear banks are identifiable as fragmentary earthworks.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, SM-37 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 02/10/2019. Site description is moderate, however the boundary banks are 100% covered in bracken and the interior has scattered low height western gorse and grass, does not appear to be grazed. Overall condition good. Photo taken.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, SM-37 (Photograph). SDV363073.

North east corner of enclosure looking west.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

Earthwork banks measuring up to circa 3.75m wide are visible on aerial photographs of 1946, 1964 and digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2016, defining a flattened trapezoidal enclosure with an internal area circa 25m by 17m across.
The enclosure is interpreted as probably the remains of a settlement of Bronze Age date.
A break across the south-east facing bank circa 4.5m wide might be evidence of an entrance.
No evidence of hut circles incorporated into the bank was convincingly identified, but an area of spread bank on the north-west side of the enclosure might contain evidence not apparent from the aerial photographic evidence available to the survey. A probable hut circle was identified circa 2m to the south-west (MDV125924).
The enclosure banks are identifiable as fragmentary earthworks on visualisations derived from low resolution lidar data captured in 2013.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 99-101.
SDV138646Un-published: Smith, K.. 1980. Typescript notes and plan of Shaugh Moor. Unknown.
SDV147593Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1973. Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 105. Unknown. 89.
SDV152508Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX56SE90. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2299.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV343481Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Probert, S.. 1998. Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown.
SDV352279Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp 2 5140-5141 12-JUL-1946.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5563 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM-37.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363068Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. RAF/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/58/6399 F64 0382-0383 02-JUL-1964.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM-37.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 31-MAY-2016. [Mapped feature: #123400 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV125923Parent of: Hut circle associated with enclosures at Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV125924Parent of: Hut circle associated with enclosures at Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV125925Parent of: Hut circle associated with enclosures at Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV125926Parent of: Hut circle associated with enclosures at Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV125927Parent of: Hut circle associated with enclosures at Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV2572Related to: Cairn north-west of Saddlesborough reave (Monument)
MDV12951Related to: D-shaped hut circle settlement enclosure, Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV2440Related to: Enclosed hut circle settlement, Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV12778Related to: Hut circle settlement, Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV12779Related to: Hut circle settlement, Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV12952Related to: Sub-rectangular shaped enclosure, Shaugh Moor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4967 - Survey of Shaugh Moor
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 17 2019 1:10PM