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HER Number:MDV12965
Name:Unenclosed hut circle settlement south of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest

Summary

A Bronze Age unenclosed hut circle settlement south of Royal Hill with eight hut circles. This site is on the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 624 712
Map Sheet:SX67SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Walling remains of Bronze Age hut circle settlement south-east of Royal Hill, consisting of at least eight hut circles and part of an enclosure

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67SW75
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SW/81
  • Pastscape: 443458
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • UNENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, OS/75/389, 130 (Aerial Photograph). SDV237660.

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 3430 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX67SW75, SX67SW75 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV237659.

Four very ruinous hut circles on slope above the River Swincombe. Traces of possible enclosure or field wall. No evidence for clearance.

Greeves, T. A. P., 1982, Swincombe Settlement (Worksheet). SDV237661.

Site visited on 7th July 1982. At least seven very ruined small hut circles with remnants of enclosure wall around five of them. The huts and the wall at the top of the enclosure (to the north) are in better condition than the lower end, which may have been robbed for Tor Royal newtake wall. Sketch plan on worksheet.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Five hut circles visible, one of which is attached to a bank that may be the remains of an enclosure.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 213, Map 63 (Monograph). SDV337765.

'Royal Hill South-east' settlement on the west side of the Swincombe valley. A partly enclosed settlement of at least six small huts up to about 4.0 metres diameter. Only part of the circuit wall remains, much of it a single line of slabs and ending on the west side at a small cairn built against a natural boulder.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Hut circles and sections of enclosure shown on survey.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

Hut circles shown on modern mapping.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 443458, SX67SW75 (Website). SDV363416.

Field Investigation on 8th August 1977. On a south-facing slope above the River Swincombe at approx 360 metres OD are the remains of four hut circles, centred at SX 62447133, all extremely ruinous; three of them have walls at ground level and the fourth is 0.3 metres high. Two have internal diameters of 4.5 metres and two of 3.0 metres; their type is impossible to determine.

Traces can be seen of an enclosure wall or possible field boundary on the hillside above the hut circles but so vague as to be unsurveyable. There is no evidence of clearance in the area.
Field Investigation on 5th March 1989. Centred on SX62407131 is a Bronze Age settlement occupying 1.5 hectares of fairly stone-free moorland pasture on the crest of a steep clitter-covered south-east slope at 366 metres OD which overlooks the broad Swincombe valley. Six or possibly eight hut circles, some linked by an enclosure wall and a stony mound are visible but there is no trace of an associated field system. Two adjacent small stone clearance mounds to the west are probably of 20th century origin.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV237659Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX67SW75. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. SX67SW75.
SDV237660Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. OS/75/389. Ordnance Survey Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 130.
SDV237661Worksheet: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1982. Swincombe Settlement. Worksheet. Worksheet.
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3430.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 213, Map 63.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #80715 ]
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 443458, SX67SW75.

Associated Monuments

MDV78790Parent of: Hut circle 'a' in unenclosed settlement south of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV78789Parent of: Hut circle 'b' in unenclosed settlement south of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV78684Parent of: Hut circle 'c' in settlement south of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV78782Parent of: Hut circle 'd' in settlement to the south of Royal Hill (Monument)
MDV78786Parent of: Hut circle 'e' in settlement south of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV78785Parent of: Hut circle 'f' in settlement to the south of Royal Hill (Monument)
MDV78788Parent of: Hut circle 'g' in settlement south of Royal Hill (Monument)
MDV78787Parent of: Hut circle 'h' in settlement south of Royal Hill (Monument)
MDV76717Related to: Hut circle settlement north of Fox Tor (Monument)
MDV78792Related to: Possible cairn near settlement south of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV129453Related to: Two clearance cairns west of unenclosed settlement south of Royal Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8146 - Royal Commission Survey at Down Ridge and Swincombe

Date Last Edited:Dec 7 2020 12:50PM