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HER Number:MDV12985
Name:Enclosures with a hut south-west of Venford Reservoir, Holne

Summary

Three adjoining D-shaped Enclosures 'F' (Butler) and two hut circles lie adjacent to the tinner's cliff on the right bank of the west arm of the Venford Brook.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 680 706
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHolne
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHOLNE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 67 SE 100
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/141
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/337
  • Old SAM Ref: 22373.02
  • Pastscape: 443149

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX67SE100 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV153313.

(07/07/1977) D-shaped enclosure measuring 35 metres by 20 metres. Upper (west) wall cut back into hillslope. Lower wall forms positive lynchet. East side partly destroyed by Holne Moor Leat. A hut circle, also partly destroyed by the leat, is built onto the outside of the enclosure. Internal diameter 5 metres, wall 1.2 metres wide. No evidence of cultivation in the area.

National Monuments Record, 1979, NMR SF1457, 476-480 (Aerial Photograph). SDV172921.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Possible enclosure cut by streamwork in the north and the Holne Moor Leat in the south. Visible on 1979 aerial photograph, but hut circle is not visible.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 187-9, Map 60, Figure 60.9 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Enclosure 'F' at 'Venford Valley South farmsteads' consists of three contiguous U-shaped enclosures are affected by tin streaming, which cuts through all three and bisects one of the two huts identified.

Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P., 1997, Holne Moor, Dartmoor, Devonshire. A Landscape Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (Report - Survey). SDV173671.

(18/04/1996) Two adjoining D-shaped enclosures and a hut circle lie adjacent to the tinner's cliff on the right bank of the west arm of the Venford Brook. The enclosures are equal in size and both cover around 0.5 hectares. They are bounded by turf-covered stoney banks 1.4 metres wide and 0.6 metres high. The enclosures have been truncated by the tinning activity on the Venford Brook and suffered later disturbance from the Holne Moor Leat which bisects the site. The hut circle at SX 6809 7062 has also been damaged by the leat and exists as a semi-circular platform 4 metres in diameter with a low stoney rim indicating the position of the former walls.

Ancient Monuments, 2000-2001, Enclosed prehistoric settlement and round cairn 880m south-west of Venford Reservoir Dam (Schedule Document). SDV153094.

Settlement includes at least four enclosures, of which this is the northern. Agglomerated. Includes at least three elements. Defined by orthostatic walling except on western edge where it survives as a 1.2m high lynchet. The northern side has been removed by later streamworking and the Holne Moor Leat cuts the walling in several places. Two internal huts survive as orthostatic walls defining areas 3.5m and 5m diameter, up to 1.2m high. One hut has a visible doorway.
(SX 6808 7063: Part of an enclosed prehistoric settlement south west of Venford Reservoir dam).

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Fragments of the enclosures shown on survey.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Visible on aerial photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

Western of the three enclosure shown on modern mapping with one hut circle.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV153094Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 2000-2001. Enclosed prehistoric settlement and round cairn 880m south-west of Venford Reservoir Dam. The Schedule of Monuments.
SDV153313Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX67SE100. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV172921Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1979. NMR SF1457. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. 476-480.
SDV173671Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P.. 1997. Holne Moor, Dartmoor, Devonshire. A Landscape Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. [Mapped features: #126714 ; #126715 ; #126719 Positioned on the GIS slightly to the S/SSW of position as seen on the 2015 APs; this polygon is an amalgam of the two sources., ]
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 187-9, Map 60, Figure 60.9.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV129750Parent of: Eastern of two hut circles at enclosures south-west of Venford Reservoir, Holne (Monument)
MDV129752Parent of: Western of two hut circles at enclosures south-west of Venford Reservoir, Holne (Monument)
MDV25399Related to: Holne Moor Leat (Monument)
MDV6379Related to: Oval enclosure with two huts south-west of Venford Reservoir Dam, Holne (Monument)
MDV26375Related to: Streamworks at the south-west end of Venford Reservoir, Holne (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7100 - Holne Moor Survey

Date Last Edited:Jan 13 2021 12:41PM