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HER Number:MDV12989
Name:Enclosed hut circle settlement 350m south-west of Horn's Cross, Holne

Summary

Two adjoining enclosures and the remains of three associated structures lie on the gentle north-facing slope of Holne Ridge. One of the enclosures, which are both probably Prehistoric in origin, has been refurbished in a later period. This enclosure is as described by the Ordnance Survey in 1977. Abutting its west wall are the remains of the second enclosure measuring 30m north-south by 25m with less substantial walls 1.0m wide and 0.5m high. The north-west corner of the second enclosure has been disturbed by a later leat. Of the three structures two have origins in the prehistoric period while the current form of the third appears to be linked with the reuse of the eastern enclosure.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 667 708
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHolne
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHOLNE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 67 SE 5
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/145
  • Old SAM Ref: 28771
  • Pastscape: 442868

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 2373 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

West Air Photography, 1975, BT1712, 1712-3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169281.

Fleming, A., 1976, Dartmoor Reave Project. Interim Report no. 2 (1976 season), 2 (Report - Interim). SDV153282.

Fleming, A., 1977, Dartmoor Reave Project. Interim Report no. 3 (1977 season), 1-4 (Report - Interim). SDV153283.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX67SE5, SX67SE5 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV153280.

(14/07/1977) SX 6672 7084. A sub rectangular enclosure, 30m by 20m and 0.05 hectares, lying on a moderate, well drained, north west facing slope at 390m above OD. Its double faced walling, 1.7m wide, 0.8m high is in fair conditions and built of large boulders, many set traversely on edge.
There is a simple entrance, 1.0m wide, on the south west. It contains a freestanding, type 1, hut circle, internal diameter 2.5m, walls, 1.4m wide, built of small boulders and in poor condition, with a possible south west facing entrance. Surveyed at 1:10 000 scale on PFD.

Fleming, A., 1978, Dartmoor Reave Project. Interim Report no. 4 (1978 season), 1-4 (Report - Interim). SDV153284.

Fleming, A., 1979, Dartmoor Reave Project. Interim Report no. 5 (1979 season), 5-7 (Report - Interim). SDV153285.

Fleming, A., 1980, Dartmoor Reave Project. Interim Report no. 6 (1980 season), 6 (Report - Interim). SDV153286.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Royal Air Force 1946 aerial photograph shows enclosure with three internal hut circles, one attached to western wall.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 152250 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(17/05/1999) at SX 6670 7082. Agglomerated enclosure forming part of a prehistoric settlement 330m south-west of Horn's Cross. Agglomerated enclousre with one attached and one internal hut circle.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 192, Map 60, Figure 60.12 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Two adjoining enclosures at 'O Brook South-east' between two leats. The eastern enclosure surrounds two hut circles, one near the centre and the other in the north-west corner. The double-slabbed circuit wall is mostly intact and originally 1.5 metres wide and is still up to 0.6 metres high. A subsidiary enclosure to the west is a feeble structure one slab thick and now incomplete. (Figure 60.12 is orientated upside down, south should be towards the top of the page.)

Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P., 1997, Holne Moor, Dartmoor, Devonshire. A Landscape Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (Report - Survey). SDV173671.

(06/01/1997) Centred SX 6671 7082. Two adjoining enclosures and the remains of three associated structures lie on the gentle north-facing slope of Holne Ridge. One of the enclosures, which are both probably Prehistoric in origin, has been refurbished in a later period. This enclosure is as described by the Ordnance Survey in 1977. Abutting its west wall are the remains of the second enclosure measuring 30m north-south by 25m with less substantial walls 1.0m wide and 0.5m high. The north-west corner of the second enclosure has been disturbed by a later leat. Of the three structures two have origins in the prehistoric period while the current form of the third appears to be linked with the reuse of the eastern enclosure.
The hut described by the Ordnance Survey (1977) lies at SX 6672 7083, within the refurbished enclosure. Its original form is somewhat unclear as it has been used as a repository for clearance stone. However, the remains suggest that it was terraced into the slope with an overall diameter of 7.5m. The interior is represented by an amorphous central hollow 3.2m north-south by 2.5m. There is no obvious entrance.
The second hut circle, at SX 6673 7082, lies immediately outside the south-eastern corner of the eastern enclosure. Though now heavily robbed it was formerly terraced into the slope with an internal diameter of 4.7m. Again there is no obvious entrance.
The third structure, at SX 6671 7083, inside the north-west corner of the refurbished, eastern, enclosure is a roughly circular feature 2.9m in internal diameter. The spread boulder walls measure 1.7m wide and 0.9m high and there is an entrance in the south side. The current form of this structure suggests that it is contemporary with the reuse of this enclosure.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Enclosures shown on survey.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Visible on aerial photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

Eastern enclosure shown on modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV153280Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX67SE5. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown. SX67SE5.
SDV153282Report - Interim: Fleming, A.. 1976. Dartmoor Reave Project. Interim Report no. 2 (1976 season). University of Sheffield. Digital. 2.
SDV153283Report - Interim: Fleming, A.. 1977. Dartmoor Reave Project. Interim Report no. 3 (1977 season). University of Sheffield. Digital. 1-4.
SDV153284Report - Interim: Fleming, A.. 1978. Dartmoor Reave Project. Interim Report no. 4 (1978 season). University of Sheffield. Digital. 1-4.
SDV153285Report - Interim: Fleming, A.. 1979. Dartmoor Reave Project. Interim Report no. 5 (1979 season). University of Sheffield. Digital. 5-7.
SDV153286Report - Interim: Fleming, A.. 1980. Dartmoor Reave Project. Interim Report no. 6 (1980 season). University of Sheffield. Digital. 6.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2373.
SDV169281Aerial Photograph: West Air Photography. 1975. BT1712. Unknown. 1712-3.
SDV173671Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P.. 1997. Holne Moor, Dartmoor, Devonshire. A Landscape Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. [Mapped feature: #125892 ]
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 152250.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 192, Map 60, Figure 60.12.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV103560Related to: Enclosure 300 metres south-east of the O Brook (Monument)
MDV103596Related to: Group of cairns 40 metres south of enclosure on Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV61457Related to: Hut circle outside enclosure south-west of Horn's Cross, Holne (Monument)
MDV61456Related to: Hut circle within enclosure south-west of Horn's Cross, Holne (Monument)
MDV26270Related to: Possible hut circle north of enclosure south-west of Horn's Cross (Monument)
MDV61455Related to: Small structure within enclosure south-west of Horn's Cross, Holne (Monument)
MDV25362Related to: Southern leat on Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV25363Related to: The Holne Town Gutter Leat (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7100 - Holne Moor Survey

Date Last Edited:Jan 9 2021 11:47AM