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HER Number:MDV130692
Name:Crushing house, Virtuous Lady Mine


A Crusher House at Virtuous Lady Mine (SX 47 NE 35). A partially ruined building constructed from killas with walls asurviving up to 3m high. The wheelpit is on the eastern end of the crusher house, though only the wall adjacent to the main building survives intact.


Grid Reference:SX 473 698
Map Sheet:SX46NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishBuckland Monachorum
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishBUCKLAND MONACHORUM

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX46NE51
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 1468730

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CRUSHING MILL (Post Medieval to Early 20th Century - 1540 AD to 1901 AD (Between))

Full description

Historic England, 2021-2022, NRHE to HER website (Website). SDV364039.

(28/09/2007) Crusher House at SX 4737 6988. A partially ruined building constructed from killas, which contained crushing rollers powered by a waterwheel. Although all the walls are partially collapsed, three corners of the structure survive, the tallest is 3m high. The interior dimensions are 4.9m by 5.6m with walls of 0.65m thick. The interior is strewn with tumbled masonry. Some timber lacing of the walls survives in situ. The wheelpit is on the eastern end of the crusher house, though only the wall adjacent to the main building survives intact; the other three sides appear to have collapsed. The wheelpit is 8.3m long by approximately 1.5m wide. The current height of the surviving wall is 1.4m though the wheelpit has been backfilled. Water was provided by a spillway which diverted water from the Lady Bertha Leat, 100m uphill to the south. The spillway takes a direct route down the steep hillslope and upon reaching the bottom by the track a hollow earthwork pond stored the water. A stone arched tunnel then diverted the water beneath the track where a short section of leat then diverted it to the wheel (citing Newman, P., 28-SEP-2007, EH Archaeological Field Investigation).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV364039Website: Historic England. 2021-2022. NRHE to HER website. https://nrhe-to-her.esdm.co.uk/NRHE. Website.

Associated Monuments

MDV5458Part of: Virtuous Lady Copper Mine (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:May 10 2021 12:29PM