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HER Number:MDV130740
Name:Kitchen midden at Berry Head Fort No. 1

Summary

Quantities of animal and fish bones together with more than 1000 sherds of pottery were recovered during the excavation of a refuse deposit just beyond the perimeter wall of the fort. Also found were a number of regimental buttons and a Georgian swivel fob seal.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 941 560
Map Sheet:SX95NW
Admin AreaTorbay
Civil ParishBrixham
DistrictTorbay
Ecclesiastical ParishBRIXHAM

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MIDDEN (XVIII to XIX - 1701 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Armitage, P. L., 2006, More buttons, bullets & bones, 11-15 (Article in Serial). SDV364324.

Investigations by young archaeologists of a kitchen refuse deposit just beyond the fort perimeter were undertaken as part of the CBA National Archaeological Event in July 2006. Not surprisingly food debris accounted for the greatest proportion of recovered material. This included several thousand cattle, sheep, poultry and fish bones and also shellfish. The fish species was dominated by hake. More than 1000 sherds of pottery were also found, predominantly wares associated with food preparation, cooking and serving. However, sherds from Chinese tea bowls, a porcelain plate (also possibly Chinese), a Wedgwood basalt ware tea or coffee pot and a brown banded chamber pot were also represented.
Other occupational debris included military buckles, a pouch clasp, gun flints, pistol and rifle balls, clay tobacco pipes, a thimble and pins and 42 regimental uniform buttons. Twenty five of the buttons were those worn by the Royal Regiment of Artillery but there was also a fine bone-backed button of the 1st Devon Militia Regiment. A decayed human tooth which had been extracted was also found.
Of particular interest though was a Georgian period swivel fob seal comprising a copper alloy mount with a glass intaglio. The intaglio depicted a woman in mourning on one side and the bust of a man on the other.
The finds make an important contribution to understanding the lives of soldiers in the fort between 1795 and 1815.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV364324Article in Serial: Armitage, P. L.. 2006. More buttons, bullets & bones. Council for British Archaeology South-West Journal. 18. A4 Paperback + Digital. 11-15. [Mapped feature: #130350 Map object approximate based on this source, ]

Associated Monuments

MDV20083Part of: Berry Head Fort No. 1, Brixham (Monument)
MDV44734Related to: Kitchen at Berry Head Fort No. 1, Brixham (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV7574 - FOB (XVIII to XIX - 1714 AD to 1830 AD)
  • FDV7571 - ANIMAL REMAINS (XVIII to XIX - 1795 AD to 1815 AD)
  • FDV7575 - BOWL (XVIII to XIX - 1795 AD to 1815 AD)
  • FDV7572 - BUTTON (XVIII to XIX - 1795 AD to 1815 AD)
  • FDV7573 - HUMAN REMAINS (XVIII to XIX - 1795 AD to 1815 AD)
  • FDV7570 - SHERD (XVIII to XIX - 1795 AD to 1815 AD)

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:May 13 2021 3:10PM