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HER Number:MDV131011
Name:Alignment of deep pitworks and shafts at Drivage Bottom

Summary

An alignment of deep pitworks and shafts at Drivage Bottom, some of which were associated with the 19th century Wheal Chance Tin Mine (SX 56 NE 60). The line of pits extends along the south slope of Chance or Chants Hill and into the Drivage Bottom streamworks, following an apparently NW-SE oriented lode. The pits vary in size the largest being 15m in diameter by 2.5m deep. They have a conical profile suggesting they were once much narrower but have since subsided. These pits were certainly used for extraction rather than prospecting and some may have functioned as shafts, though the fact that there are so many closely spaced examples suggests they may not have penetrated to a great depth. Most have substantial spoil heaps associated with them, one particularly large example being 19m by 18m by 4m high. A blocked adit portal at SX 5966 6992. It is located in a hollow of approximately 25m long by 9m by 4m deep, now filled with rushes.
The shaft at SX 59617003 has a diameter of 9m and a spoil heap on the west side. A circular whim platform of 8m diameter sits adjacent to this shaft on the south side and was clearly the location of a hoisting whim.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 599 699
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56NE351
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 1446517
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: ?

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • EXTRACTIVE PIT (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD (Between) to 1900 AD (Between))
  • PROSPECTING PIT (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD (Between) to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Wessex Archaeology, 2002, Cramber Tor Training Area Rapid Condition Survey, WA198 (Report - Survey). SDV354588.

Cramber Tor Survey 2002, Site WA198.

Newman, P., 2007, Cramber Tor Training Area Monument Baseline Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV348210.

(01/08/2006) An alignment of deep pitworks and shafts at Drivage Bottom, some of which were associated with the 19th century Wheal Chance Tin Mine (SX 56 NE 60). The line of pits extends along the south slope of Chance or Chants Hill and into the Drivage Bottom streamworks, following an apparently NW-SE oriented lode. The pits vary in size the largest being 15m in diameter by 2.5m deep. They have a conical profile suggesting they were once much narrower but have since subsided. These pits were certainly used for extraction rather than prospecting and some may have functioned as shafts, though the fact that there are so many closely spaced examples suggests they may not have penetrated to a great depth. Most have substantial spoil heaps associated with them, one particularly large example being 19m by 18m by 4m high. A blocked adit portal at SX 5966 6992. It is located in a hollow of approximately 25m long by 9m by 4m deep, now filled with rushes.
The shaft at SX 59617003 has a diameter of 9m and a spoil heap on the west side. A circular whim platform of 8m diameter sits adjacent to this shaft on the south side and was clearly the location of a hoisting whim.

Fletcher, M. J., 2007-2008, Walkhampton Premier Archaeological Landscape; Field Investigation Project (Report - Survey). SDV359195.

Probert, S., 2008, Follow-Up Works to Cramber Tor Archaeological Baseline Condition Survey, Dartmoor Training Area (Report - Survey). SDV351304.

Greeves, T., 2012, Cramber Tor Training Area. Monument Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV350251.

Probert, S. A. J., 2017, A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of the Cramber Tor Training Area, Devon, 2017 (Report - Survey). SDV360392.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV348210Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2007. Cramber Tor Training Area Monument Baseline Condition Survey. English Heritage. A4 Bound.
SDV350251Report - Survey: Greeves, T.. 2012. Cramber Tor Training Area. Monument Condition Survey. Tom Greeves Report. A4 Stapled.
SDV351304Report - Survey: Probert, S.. 2008. Follow-Up Works to Cramber Tor Archaeological Baseline Condition Survey, Dartmoor Training Area. A4 Comb Bound. [Mapped feature: #131996 ]
SDV354588Report - Survey: Wessex Archaeology. 2002. Cramber Tor Training Area Rapid Condition Survey. Wessex Archaeology Report. Unknown. WA198.
SDV359195Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. J.. 2007-2008. Walkhampton Premier Archaeological Landscape; Field Investigation Project. English Heritage. Unknown.
SDV360392Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J.. 2017. A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of the Cramber Tor Training Area, Devon, 2017. A4 Comb Bound + Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV13184Related to: BUILDING in the Parish of Walkhampton (Building)
MDV3779Related to: Ruined building at Wheal Chance (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6034 - Monument Condition Survey in Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV6152 - Follow-up Works to Threatened Sites in the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV6153 - Monument Baseline Condition Survey in the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV7382 - Condition Survey of the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV8711 - Condition Survey of the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV8409 - Dartmoor Royal Forest Project

Date Last Edited:Jan 13 2022 2:48PM