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HER Number:MDV13136
Name:King's Gutter Leat

Summary

King’s Gutter Leat runs between SX62675989 in Harford and SX63665727 in Cornwood. Surveyed and recorded in the Dartmoor Trust Leats Project.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 631 583
Map Sheet:SX65NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Remains of a quarry near Lontimber Wood, Ivybridge, dating to at least the late 19th century
  • SHINE: Walling and earthworks of Bronze Age hut circles and cairns, along with cultivation ridges and a medieval or later sub-rectangular enclosure on Henlake Down

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX65NW/91

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LEAT (XVIII - 1750 AD to 1799 AD (Between))

Full description

1840, Tithe Map (Cartographic). SDV339770.

The Tithe Map (1938) shows the leat, and in the Apportionment there are two fields ‘Higher Gutter Field’ (Number 251 on plan) and ‘Lower Gutter Field’ (252 on plan).


Hankin, C. F., 1970 - 1979, King's Gutter Leat (Worksheet). SDV144734.

South of the Harford-Cornwood road near Hall Farm, several natural water-courses come together near a point marked by "King's Barn". A man-made water-course or "gutter" has been cut across fields in a southerly direction and continues for approximately 3.0 kilometres to farmland in Cornwood parish above Ivybridge (Dinnaton and Langham Farms). Only about 0.4 kilometres of the gutter is in Harford parish; it crosses into Cornwood at SX63045900.
The gutter was well made; about 0.75 meters wide but varying in width along its course, carefully conducted under stone walls by stone lined conduits. It drops around 46 meters in level from start to finish. The water-course was in use until the beginning of the 20th century; permission was given to one land occupier to fill in the gutter across one field in its higher section and so the water no longer flows.
The history of King’s Gutter water course has not been discovered. All the land through which it flowed was owned by the Rogers family of Blachford in Cornwood from the 18th century to the 20th century. It is possible that it was an agricultural improvement of the late 18th century. The name ‘King’ has been associated with that part of Harford parish in which the gutter starts (Thomas Kyng, Harford Lay Subsidy, 1332) ‘King’s Barn’, ‘King’s Wood’ etc.


Turton, S. D., 1993, Archaeological Assesment of South West Water Watercombe to Broomhill Water Main, 2 (Report - Assessment). SDV144735.

Cut by route of South West Water pipeline at SX63055900.


Reed, S. J., 1994, Archaeological Recording of South West Water Watercombe to Broomhill Water Main, 2 (Report - Survey). SDV144736.

Granite construction, 1.2 meters deep at point of breaching.


Dartmoor Trust and Dartmoor National Park Authority, 2010, Dartmoor Trust Leats Project 2009-2010 (Report - Survey). SDV347530.

King’s Gutter Leat surveyed and recorded running between SX727599 - SX633567. (Erme). Dry leat. Other details: T:\Dartmoor Leats Survey / Q:\MAPDATA\HISTORIC\LeatsProject. Map object based on this Source.


Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Map object based on this Source.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV144734Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1970 - 1979. King's Gutter Leat. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Register. Digital.
SDV144735Report - Assessment: Turton, S. D.. 1993. Archaeological Assesment of South West Water Watercombe to Broomhill Water Main. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Field Investigation. 93.03. A4 Stapled + Digital. 2.
SDV144736Report - Survey: Reed, S. J.. 1994. Archaeological Recording of South West Water Watercombe to Broomhill Water Main. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Field Investigation. 94.18. A4 Stapled + Digital. 2.
SDV339770Cartographic: 1840. Tithe Map. Tithe Map and Apportionment. Map (Paper).
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV347530Report - Survey: Dartmoor Trust and Dartmoor National Park Authority. 2010. Dartmoor Trust Leats Project 2009-2010. Dartmoor Trust. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV15615Related to: Quarries in and near Longtimber Wood, Ivybridge (Monument)
MDV47652Related to: Quarry on edge of Longtimber Wood (Monument)
MDV47658Related to: Quarry on the western side of Pithill Wood (Monument)
MDV46769Related to: Reservoir in Longtimber Wood, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV2854Related to: Sub-rectangular enclosure on Henlake Down (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7383 - Watching brief on SWW Watercombe to Broomhill water main (Ref: 94.18)

Date Last Edited:Jan 22 2018 10:48AM