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HER Number:MDV13222
Name:Yadsworthy field system, Cornwood

Summary

Yadsworthy: alt.244m. Vis=10/5/1978 (hankin). Yadsworthy farm at sx63176076 is in cornwood parish. An abandoned field system e of the farm and in harford parish may be the enclosure of an earlier settlement or farmstead. An area of c 34 acres, circular in shape, centred at sx636-608-, is bounded on the e by an earth bank, no longer in use as a field boundary, c 2m wide, with a ditch c 0.6m deep on the inner side; a ditch c 1m or more deep on the outer side. The n and s boundaries are stone walls of later newtakes. The w side near the farm is an earth bank with some stone, and forms the parish boundary cornwood-harford. An abandoned earth bank of similar construction runs from the e boundary bank towards the centre of the enclosure where it meets a well preserved wall of stone (on the e surface) and earth (on the w surface) running n-s. The western half of the enclosure is divided into three fields of sheep pasture, well cleared of stones and furze. The stone walls of these fields are neglected and broken. In the sw corner of the enclosure, stone walls of a few metres length suggest the site of a deserted settlement of farmstead. At the s boundary close by, a spring feeds a stream which flows w to yadsworthy farm. The burford down stone row (sx63706017) south of the enclosure, is believed to have had its n terminal stone at a point a few metres within the enclosure near the e earth bank. Vis=visible and recorded (rchm app 1985).

Location

Grid Reference:SX 634 608
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthworks and walling remains of two field systems of unknown date containing two Bronze Age hut circles to east and north-east of Yadsworthy Farm

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/119
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FIELD SYSTEM (Early Bronze Age to Late Medieval - 2200 BC? to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

RCHM APP 1985, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV150551.

Yadsworthy: alt.244m. Vis=10/5/1978 (hankin). Yadsworthy farm at sx63176076 is in cornwood parish. An abandoned field system e of the farm and in harford parish may be the enclosure of an earlier settlement or farmstead. An area of c 34 acres, circular in shape, centred at sx636-608-, is bounded on the e by an earth bank, no longer in use as a field boundary, c 2m wide, with a ditch c 0.6m deep on the inner side; a ditch c 1m or more deep on the outer side. The n and s boundaries are stone walls of later newtakes. The w side near the farm is an earth bank with some stone, and forms the parish boundary cornwood-harford. An abandoned earth bank of similar construction runs from the e boundary bank towards the centre of the enclosure where it meets a well preserved wall of stone (on the e surface) and earth (on the w surface) running n-s. The western half of the enclosure is divided into three fields of sheep pasture, well cleared of stones and furze. The stone walls of these fields are neglected and broken. In the sw corner of the enclosure, stone walls of a few metres length suggest the site of a deserted settlement of farmstead. At the s boundary close by, a spring feeds a stream which flows w to yadsworthy farm. The burford down stone row (sx63706017) south of the enclosure, is believed to have had its n terminal stone at a point a few metres within the enclosure near the e earth bank. Vis=visible and recorded (rchm app 1985).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV150552.

Des=worksheet/sketch/parish file.


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV150553.

Aph=6360/1(22/4/1976).


Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.


Royal Air Force, 1948, RAF/CPE/UK/2494, 4072 (Aerial Photograph). SDV147533.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

This area (which extends to SX63636104 on the Royal Air Force 1948 aerial photograph) is on the edge of present day moorland but has not been under obvious recent cultivation. It has partly been mapped at 1:10560 scale by the Ordnance Survey, and its 'edges' are difficult to define. It contains at least one hut circle and some linear features (which may have been earlier enclosures or land divisions); these seem to have been demolished, perhaps for later agricultural reasons, or degraded by ploughing.


Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV147533Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1948. RAF/CPE/UK/2494. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4072.
SDV150551Report - Survey: RCHM APP 1985.
SDV150552Migrated Record:
SDV150553Aerial Photograph:
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital).
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #80819 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV28130Related to: Earthwork bank on Burford Down, Harford (Monument)
MDV27908Related to: Field banks on Burford Down, Harford (Monument)
MDV27799Related to: Field system at Lower Piles, Yadsworthy (Monument)
MDV77441Related to: Yadsworthy farmstead, Cornwood (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Aug 29 2017 12:45PM