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HER Number:MDV13252
Name:Ring cairn on Cudlipptown Down, Peter Tavy

Summary

A ring cairn set at the eastern end of a natural gently sloping plateau of rough grassland generally devoid of stones. It measures about 11m diameter inside a turf-covered bank, composed generally of smallish stones, which is about 2.2m wide and has a maximum height of 0.4m on the E. It has been mutilated and spread in the south-east and the west. Several stones, are evident, two probably set in the inner face but the rest are apparently part of the bank of even part of the outer face. Two in the east on the uphill side appear to form an entrance but this is possibly due to mutilation. The interior appears to have been levelled and is 0.2m above the ground to the W. There is no evidence of any internal features or a ditch.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 537 789
Map Sheet:SX57NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishPeter Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPETER TAVY

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Bronze age ring cairn with standing stones set around the ring, Cudlipptown Down

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX57NW52
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 439875
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57NW/69
  • Old SAM Ref: 22213(P)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • RING CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • STONE CIRCLE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2201 BC (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV230590.

Osa=sx57nw52.

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV230591.

Aph=raf 58/6399 0042-43 july 1964. 'a possible hut circle' visible on raf 1964 ap (os).

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV230593.

Aph=nmr sx5378/1/221(20/5/1977).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV230595.

Des=horner, b.(27/10/1992)/as above. Vis=grinsell appears to site this cairn a little further to the s than rchm survey shows. Two cairns recorded by grinsell, three by rchm and ngr's do not tie up. See subsheet and sx57nw-30 (horner).

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 160 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(14/09/1975) Ring cairn (?) enclosing area c 10m in diameter. Three or four standing stones around circumference of ring.15. Om diameter, 0.3m high.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX57NW52 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV230583.

(18/10/1980) At SX 53727894 a turf-covered bank 1.6m. wide and 0.3m high forms a circle with an internal diameter of 12.0m. The bank, constructed of small stones, is slightly lower and weaker on the W and SW. A gap in the E could be original but may have been caused by cattle.
There are now four upright blocks or slabs, one in each quadrant, with additional fallen stones in the E and W suggesting deliberate grouping. There is no evidence of robbing and the interior is flat with turf covered stones forming a platform 0.1m. above ground level.
(See ground photograph and plan at 1:250).
The ringwork is similar to the normal ring cairn save for the standing stones which make it analogous, on a smaller scale, to the embanked stone circle at SX 581651 (SX 56 NE ?)
Surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

One of two ring cairns on north-west slope of Cudlipptown Down to south of cairn SX57NW-30.

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1987-1993, Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit (Report - Survey). SDV350839.

(06/11/1987 ) SX 5372 7894. A ring cairn set at the E end of a natural gently sloping plateau of rough grassland generally devoid of stones. It measures about 11m diameter inside a turf-covered bank, composed generally of smallish stones, which is about 2.2m wide and has a maximum height of 0.4m on the E. It has been mutilated and spread in the SE and the W.
Several stones, are evident, two probably set in the inner face but the rest are apparently part of the bank of even part of the outer face. Two in the E on the uphill side appear to form an entrance but this is possibly due to mutilation. The interior appears to have been levelled and is 0.2m above the ground to the W. There is no evidence of any internal features or a ditch.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 70/B5. (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Embanked stone circle; an annular bank of earth and/or stones with an inner edge of orthostats. Internal diameter 11m with bank 2m wide and 0.6m high. Only a few kerb stones remain.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset. (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(1992) survives as raised internal platform. Diam 11m. Surrounded by bank 2.2m wide, 0.4m high. Kerb visible in places. Probably of the double kerbed variety without a central mound (mpp).

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Ring cairn is clearly visible on the modern aerial photography. This is one of three features that can be seen on the 2010 aerial photography, which suggests the National Monuments Record was right and Grinsell may have missed one cairn. Measurements from the photograph are 16.5 metres diameter east-west and 15 metres north-south (measurements to extent of the stones in ring, not internal dimensions).

Historic England, 2021-2022, NRHE to HER website (Website). SDV364039.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 70/B5..
SDV230583Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX57NW52. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV230590Migrated Record:
SDV230591Aerial Photograph:
SDV230593Aerial Photograph:
SDV230595Migrated Record:
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 160.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #80829 ]
SDV350839Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1987-1993. Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. Unknown.
SDV364039Website: Historic England. 2021-2022. NRHE to HER website. https://nrhe-to-her.esdm.co.uk/NRHE. Website.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8423 - Duchy Farms Project

Date Last Edited:Sep 3 2021 9:23AM