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HER Number:MDV132685
Name:Cluster of huts in enclosure south-east of Cullacombe Head


A cluster of hut circles located within a sub-rectangular enclosure immediately south-east of Cullacombe Head. The features were surveyed during the winter of 2000/01 though not investigated until August 2001 when bracken made detailed examination of the site impossible. The 2010 aerial photography and lidar data show at least seven huts in enclosure, with an additional isolated hut near road 55m east of the enclosure.


Grid Reference:SX 694 820
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishNorth Bovey
Ecclesiastical ParishNORTH BOVEY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX68SE384
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 1346477
  • Old SAM Ref: 22390

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Outline of enclosure fairly clear on the 1940s aerial photograph, with a hut close to the eastern side.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1953/1978, SX68SE31 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV314705.

(19/03/1953) A number of hut circles with associated field system. Huts vary in condition from being barely discernible to a fairly good state of preservation. Such entrances as can be traced are in the south, hut a has large stones built into its wall. 16 hut circles, mostly double walled.
(06/06/1978) The southern group consists of 13 huts and includes the two unpublished huts at SX 6938 8223 and SX 6940 8206. They vary in condition from barely discernible to fairly good. The visible entrances are to the south. The walls average 1.5 metres in width and range in height up to 1.4 metres. A hut at SX 6944 8222 has remarkably large stones built into the walls. Surveyed at 1:2500 (MSD).

Ancient Monuments, 1964/2001, Hut circles on Shapley Common (Schedule Document). SDV314699.

(Estimated 2000) SX 6940 8197 (part of) Prehistoric settlements, fields and enclosures within the Shapley Common coaxial field system, 770m south of Challacombe Cross. The southernmost of three enclosures survives as a 1m wide and 0.6m high orthostatic wall curving south from a hut circle with an internal diameter of 5.5m.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East, Map 23 (Monograph). SDV299725.

Depicted and described by Butler.

Newman, P., 2002, Headland Warren and the Birch Tor and Vitifer Mines, S. Probert (Report - Survey). SDV363213.

(01/08/2001) Centred SX 6942 8201. A cluster of eight hut circles are contained by a sub-rectangular enclosure immediately SE of Cullacombe Head. The features were surveyed during the winter of 2000/01 though not investigated until August 2001 when bracken made detailed examination of the site impossible.
The hut circles and enclosure have previously formed part of SX 68 SE 31.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Enclosure outline and a number of huts / possible huts visible. Seven huts fairly confidently identified.
This source used in combination with lidar data to digitise huts, as no spatial survey data seems to exist from the 2000/01 survey visits, perhaps due to the vegetation mentioned. The Ordnance Survey historic mapping and modern Mastermap data show four possible huts but these appear to be inaccurately located north of the settlement. The Scheduled Ancient Monument area is also mis-aligned, probably based on the inaccurate OS data [Richards, A. F., 07/04/2022].

Environment Agency WMS, 2019, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution), 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362956.

Enclosure partially visible on the lidar data; although it does not entirely cover this area.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV299725Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. One. Paperback Volume. Map 23.
SDV314699Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1964/2001. Hut circles on Shapley Common. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown.
SDV314705Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1953/1978. SX68SE31. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital).
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped features: #136709 Three small huts digitised from this layer within enclosure, ; #136710 Isolated hut near road clear on aerial image, ]
SDV362956Cartographic: Environment Agency WMS. 2019. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution), 2019. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. [Mapped feature: #136708 Four huts fairly clear on the lidar DTM, ]
SDV363213Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2002. Headland Warren and the Birch Tor and Vitifer Mines. English Heritage. A1/34/2002. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. S. Probert.

Associated Monuments

MDV6551Related to: Sub-ovoid enclosure east of Cullacombe Head (Monument)
MDV64121Related to: Sub-rectangular enclosure south-east of Cullacombe Head (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7139 - Headland Warren and the Birch Tor and Vitifer Mines Survey (Ref: A1/20/2001, A1/34/2002)

Date Last Edited:Apr 7 2022 11:51AM