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HER Number:MDV13346
Name:Newlands Brake medieval settlement

Summary

Remains of a farm site, Newlands Brake, consisting of a two-roomed longhouse and small building on the East Glaze. This site is included in the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 667 606
Map Sheet:SX66SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSouth Brent
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSOUTH BRENT

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthworks and surviving stone-walls of Bronze Age parallel reaves, field system and hut circles on Corringdon Ball and Treeland Downs, Bronze Age hut circles and medieval settlement at Newland's Brakes and pillow mounds on south side of Corringdon Ball
  • SHINE: Earthworks and surviving stone-walls of Bronze Age parallel reaves, field system and hut circles on Corringdon Ball and Treeland Downs, Bronze Age hut circles and medieval settlement at Newland's Brakes and pillow mounds on south side of Corringdon Ball

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SE/211
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1953, 58/1110, 0050 (Aerial Photograph). SDV157241.


Linehan, C. D., 1966, Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon, 113-144 (Article in Serial). SDV307246.

Remains of a farm site, Newlands Brake, Corringdon. Other details: Table.


Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor, Number 23 (Un-published). SDV150434.

A substantial two-roomed longhouse with lean-to, of dry stone construction in enclosures on the west bank of the East Glaze Brook. The house stands in deciduous wood and for that reason has not become turfed over. 40 yards north of the longhouse, a large hut circle has been incorporated in the enclosure system. A small three sided building lies a short distance upstream, its open side is towards the brook. This structure may have been related with tin mining on the East Glaze but was not a blowing house as there is no associated leat.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX66SE104 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV161722.

At SX66726074 on the east bank of the East Glaze Brook in Newland's Brakes are the remains of a small building measuring 4.5 meters by 4.0 meters. No wall exists on the side abutting the stream; it may have been destroyed. The remaining dry stone walls are 0.7 meters. Inside is a small rectangle of stones which may be a hearth. The date and purpose of this structure cannot be determined.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX66SE77 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV161721.

At SX66776062 in an enclosed area of woodland at Newland's Brakes are the remains of two buildings with a length of walling forming a partial enclosure. The larger building is 14.0 meters by 6.0 meters overall with walls 0.8 meters thick and a maximum height of 1.2 meters of dry-stone construction. The adjacent smaller building is 10.0 meters by 3.0 meters overall with similar wall construction and size. The walls are faced on the exterior, and partially on the interior with orthostats. The enclosure wall is double-faced with orthostats, and its seems likely that it was a prehistoric field boundary wall that was later built up and utilized as part of the building complex. The date and purpose of the buildings cannot be determined with accuracy. Other details: Plan.


Robinson, R., 1977-1979, South Brent Parish Checklist Worksheets (Worksheet). SDV340722.

In Newlands Brake, Corringdon, two buildings identified by Mrs C Linehan. In April 1978 three buildings were identified the main longhouse site as described, a smaller rectangular building further north against the bank of the East Glaze and another smaller rectangular building that appears to be a rebuilding of a prehistoric hut circle, one of a group on Corringdon Ball, lying immediately west of the cornditch bounding Newlands Brakes, i.e.: just inside the wood. No name for the farmstead has yet been found, but the land tax of 1747 may be relevant - 'William Bickford for Sagwills late Newlands'. Other details: Worksheet/sketch.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on RAF 1948 aerial photographs.


Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.


Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.


White, P., 2013, Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads (Un-published). SDV352501.

Corringdon-Newlands brake included in list. No further information provided.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital. Number 23.
SDV157241Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1953. 58/1110. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. 0050.
SDV161721Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX66SE77. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV161722Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX66SE104. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV307246Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1966. Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon. Medieval Archaeology. 10. Digital. 113-144.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV340722Worksheet: Robinson, R.. 1977-1979. South Brent Parish Checklist Worksheets. South Brent Parish Checklist. Worksheet.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #80887 ]
SDV352501Un-published: White, P.. 2013. Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads. Excel Spreadsheet.

Associated Monuments

MDV28474Related to: Hut Circle (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Apr 26 2016 11:50AM