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HER Number:MDV13795
Name:Preston Cross, Clay Pit

Summary

Site of a Clay Pit shown on 20th century map at Preston Cross. Earthworks associated with the clay works are visible on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 857 749
Map Sheet:SX87SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishKingsteignton
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishKINGSTEIGNTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX87NE/50

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CLAY PIT (XX - 1901 AD to 2000 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1938, 109NE. Revision of 1933 with additions in 1938. Provisional Edition (Cartographic). SDV303843.

Clay Pit marked on 1938 map with tramway to shafts to the northwest of the pit.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1824, RAF/CPE/UK/1824 RS 4133-4134 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352344.

Extended clay pits and spoil heaps are visible.

Ordnance Survey, 1963, SX87NE (Cartographic). SDV339752.

'Clay Pit (Dis)' shown on 1963 map.

Mitchell, M., 1979, Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology: Ball clay survey of South Devon (Worksheet). SDV337798.

Clay Pit, disused. Other details: No 79.

Griffiths, D. M., 1981, Untitled Source (Personal Comment). SDV339753.

Now part of large clayworks.

Gent, T. H., 1996, Rivers Teign and Bovey: Proposed Diversion, 11 (Report - non-specific). SDV283446.

Reed, S. J. + Turton, S. D., 2001, Archaeological Assessment of Bovey Basin Mineral Site. Part 1 Overview, 15 (Report - Assessment). SDV336226.

Other details: Figure 5, site 24.

Exeter Archaeology, 2007, Archaeological Assessment of Southacre and John Acres Lane/ Whitepit Operational Areas (Bovey Basin ROMP), 8 (Report - Assessment). SDV339561.

Next Perspectives, 2015-2017, Aerial Photography for Great Britain, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX8575 08-JUN-2015 (Aerial Photograph). SDV361515.

The earthworks visible on the 1946 aerial photographs have been destroyed and the area landscaped.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2018-2019, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 1, Haldon Ridge to Dart Valley (AI&M) (Interpretation). SDV361305.

Extensive mounds, a large pit and linear terraces within the pit are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs of 1946.
The visible earthworks are interpreted as an open cast quarry, spoil heaps and possibly tramways associated with clay works of the early to mid-20th century. These features supersede the clay pit, shafts and tramways depicted on the 1930s 4th edition 25inch Ordnance Survey map.
The earthworks visible on the 1946 aerial photographs were subsequently destroyed by wider scale quarrying and were not transcribed by the survey.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV283446Report - non-specific: Gent, T. H.. 1996. Rivers Teign and Bovey: Proposed Diversion. Exeter Archaeology Report. 96.24. A4 Stapled + Digital. 11.
SDV303843Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1938. 109NE. Revision of 1933 with additions in 1938. Provisional Edition. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper).
SDV336226Report - Assessment: Reed, S. J. + Turton, S. D.. 2001. Archaeological Assessment of Bovey Basin Mineral Site. Part 1 Overview. Exeter Archaeology Report. 01.80. A4 Stapled + Digital. 15.
SDV337798Worksheet: Mitchell, M.. 1979. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology: Ball clay survey of South Devon. Worksheet.
SDV339561Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 2007. Archaeological Assessment of Southacre and John Acres Lane/ Whitepit Operational Areas (Bovey Basin ROMP). Exeter Archaeology Report. 07.37. A4 Stapled + Digital. 8.
SDV339752Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1963. SX87NE. Ordnance Survey. Map (Paper).
SDV339753Personal Comment: Griffiths, D. M.. 1981.
SDV352344Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1824. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1824 RS 4133-4134 04-NOV-1946. [Mapped feature: #81041 ]
SDV361305Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2018-2019. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 1, Haldon Ridge to Dart Valley (AI&M). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV361515Aerial Photograph: Next Perspectives. 2015-2017. Aerial Photography for Great Britain. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX8575 08-JUN-2015.

Associated Monuments

MDV52142Parent of: Preston Cross, Clay Pit, Shafts and Cranes (Monument)
MDV52143Parent of: Preston Cross, Clay Pit, Tramways (Monument)
MDV74090Related to: Engine House to the west of Preston Manor Clay Works (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4322 - Southacre and John Acres Lane/Whitepit
  • EDV4912 - Archaeological Assessment of Bovey Basin Mineral Site
  • EDV7515 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey (Ref: ACD1748)

Date Last Edited:Jun 16 2020 1:41PM