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HER Number:MDV13797
Name:Bellamarsh Mill, Kingsteignton

Summary

Bellamarsh Mill is recorded in 1731 and was the scene of bread riots in the 19th century. It comprised a stone building under a slate roof and had two waterwheels, one of which was latterly replaced by a turbine, driving four pairs of stones. It was still working in 1952 but was demolished in 1973 during construction of the Chudleigh bypass. The machinery was removed to Ugbrooke Park from where it was purchased by the Totnes Town Mill Trust in the 1990s for installation in the mill there.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 852 772
Map Sheet:SX87NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishKingsteignton
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishKINGSTEIGNTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX87NE/52

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • WATERMILL (XVII to Late 20th Century - 1601 AD to 1973 AD (Between))

Full description

Unknown, 1731, Dro=53/6 box 15 (Record Office Collection). SDV301652.

Documentary reference to Bellamarsh Mills in 1731.

South West Heritage Trust, 1838-1848, Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments (Cartographic). SDV359954.

Recorded as mill, yard and pond (plot 11) on the Kingsteighton Tithe Apportionment.

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

Triangular complet of buildings depicted with a large millpond adjoining.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Bellamarsh Mills (Corn) marked, comprising a triangular complex of buildings. The millpond and a well are also marked.

Department of Environment, 1952, Newton Abbot RD, 72 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV304573.

Roughcast building of three storeys with slate roof. Listed grade II. Still working (circa 1952), formerly two wheels, but one now replaced by a turbine with separate water channels.

Devon County Council, 1974, Survey of Watermills in Devon: Gazetteer (Report - Survey). SDV83967.

Used for cider manufacture, sawing and threshing. One set of stones and wheel have been taken to Ugbrooke Park to be rebuilt.

Major, J. K., 1975, Fieldwork in Industrial Archaeology, 130, 131, Fig. 36 (Monograph). SDV46444.

The mill was recorded prior to the gearing being taken out for installation in another mill near Chudleigh.

Miles, H., 1977, The A38 Roadworks 1970-1973, 48 (Article in Serial). SDV299703.

The building was demolished during construction of the Chudleigh Bypass in 1973. A record of the buildings and mill machiery was made and deposited in Exeter City Museum.

Mitchell, M., 1979, Ball Clay Survey of South Devon, No. 16 (Archive - Survey). SDV341500.

Scene of bread riots in the 19th century. A listed building.

Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings, 1982, Mills Index (Un-published). SDV12998.

Site visit circa 1965. Mill still working.

Pye, A., 1992, Environmental statement on the proposed extension of the Heathfield landfill site, Kingsteignton. Appendix 4: archaeological assessment, 13 (Report - Assessment). SDV312426.

Bodman, M., 1998, Water-Powered Sites in Devon, 38.8 (Report - non-specific). SDV305931.

Reed, S. J. + Turton, S. D., 2001, Archaeological Assessment of Bovey Basin Mineral Site. Part 1 Overview, 8 (Report - Assessment). SDV336226.

Watts, S., 2002, Machinery from Bellamarsh Mill (Personal Comment). SDV301656.

The machinery was removed to Ugbrooke Park. It was purchased by the Totnes Town Mill Trust in the 1990s for installation in the mill there.

Bodman, M., 2016, Water Mills and other Water-powered Sites in Devon. Revised edition, 436-7 (Report - non-specific). SDV359634.

Bellamarsh Mills is referred to in the bankruptcy case of Thomas Cave in 1794. It is describd in a letting notice of 1815 as comprising 'two neat and comfortable cottages and two gardens and all those capital and well accustomed grist and flour mills' with 'four pair of stones, two water wheels, a cleaning and bunting machine, a threshing and winnowing machine...'
A subsequent sales advert of 1848 decribes it as comprising 'a dwelling house, water grist and manganese mills, mill leat, cottage, stables, with waggon and cart huses, orchard and pasture.'
It is listed for sale again in 1865 as 'a dwelling house, mills, cottages, stable, courtlage, watong house and piggeries and the land thereto belonging…'. A further sale notice of 1882 shows the mill to still have four pairs of stones and also a cider press and threshing machine.

Searell, W., 2020, Bellamarsh Mill (Personal Comment). SDV363548.

Mr Searell's great, great grandfather, Thomas Searell, who was born in Staverton in 1811, took over Bellamarsh Mill in 1850. He was married to Harriet Trist and they had seven children. They emigrated to New Zealand in 1865 where they took over Carlton or Avon Mill in Christchurch.
A watercolour painting of Bellamarsh Mill by W. Williams, Plymouth, 1849 in possession of the family shows a large, lofted building with the millpond and two low-breast waterwheels.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV12998Un-published: Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings. 1982. Mills Index. Mills Index. A4 Stapled.
SDV299703Article in Serial: Miles, H.. 1977. The A38 Roadworks 1970-1973. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 35. Paperback Volume. 48.
SDV301652Record Office Collection: Unknown. 1731. Dro=53/6 box 15. Dro=53/6 box 15. Unknown.
SDV301656Personal Comment: Watts, S.. 2002. Machinery from Bellamarsh Mill. Not Applicable.
SDV304573List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1952. Newton Abbot RD. Historic Houses Register. A4 Single Sheet. 72.
SDV305931Report - non-specific: Bodman, M.. 1998. Water-Powered Sites in Devon. A4 Spiral Bound. 38.8.
SDV312426Report - Assessment: Pye, A.. 1992. Environmental statement on the proposed extension of the Heathfield landfill site, Kingsteignton. Appendix 4: archaeological assessment. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 92.14. A4 Stapled + Digital. 13.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #124090 ]
SDV336226Report - Assessment: Reed, S. J. + Turton, S. D.. 2001. Archaeological Assessment of Bovey Basin Mineral Site. Part 1 Overview. Exeter Archaeology Report. 01.80. A4 Stapled + Digital. 8.
SDV341500Archive - Survey: Mitchell, M.. 1979. Ball Clay Survey of South Devon. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Survey of the Ball Clay Industry of . Mixed Archive Material. No. 16.
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV359634Report - non-specific: Bodman, M.. 2016. Water Mills and other Water-powered Sites in Devon. Revised edition. A4 Comb Bound. 436-7.
SDV359954Cartographic: South West Heritage Trust. 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments. Tithe Map and Apportionment. Digital.
SDV363548Personal Comment: Searell, W.. 2020. Bellamarsh Mill. Heritage Gateway feedback about Monument ID: MDV13797. Not Applicable.
SDV46444Monograph: Major, J. K.. 1975. Fieldwork in Industrial Archaeology. Fieldwork in Industrial Archaeology. Unknown. 130, 131, Fig. 36.
SDV83967Report - Survey: Devon County Council. 1974. Survey of Watermills in Devon: Gazetteer. Devon County Council Report. Unknown. A4 Bound.

Associated Monuments

MDV13792Related to: Bellamarsh Mill Leat (Monument)
MDV65936Related to: Chudleigh Bridge Mills (Monument)
MDV18438Related to: Town Mills, Totnes (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4912 - Archaeological Assessment of Bovey Basin Mineral Site

Date Last Edited:Feb 7 2020 11:08AM