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HER Number:MDV14120
Name:Galsham Farmhouse, Hartland


The house is dated 1682 and 1717 but features of the earliest part of the house suggest a mid 17th century date for its foundation. It has been suggested that the name Galsham incorporates a British element and that the site is pre-Saxon in origin.


Grid Reference:SS 244 226
Map Sheet:SS22SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishHartland
Ecclesiastical ParishHARTLAND

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS22SW/20
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II*)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMHOUSE (Built, XVII to XVIII - 1601 AD to 1800 AD (Between))

Full description

ONB 1904, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV16570.

Galsham, remains of ancient mansion (onb 1904).

GOVER ET AL IN PEARCE, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV16573.

Pearce argues for a pre-saxon origin of the site on the basis that galsham may incorporate a british personal name as its first element (gover et al in pearce).

1964, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV16574.

"remains of mansion" marked on os 6" (1906) map and os 6" (1964) map (os).

NMR CITING DOE, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV16575.

Golsham farmhouse. Dated 1682 + 1717 but almost certainly with earlier origins. Late 18c additions. Grade ii* (nmr citing doe).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV16576.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV16577.

Pearce, s. M. /archaeol. J. /142(1985)265,266.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV16578.

Gover, j. E. B. + mawer, a. + stenton, f. M. /the place-names of devon/(1931)73.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV16579.

Des=os 6" (1906) 27nw.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV16580.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Untitled Source (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV24.

Vis=6/12/1978 (os). No external evidence of early features save a datestone of 1682 in the west wall (os).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV533.

1189 royal charter of hartland abbey records that geoffrey de dhan granted a virgate of land at galsham to the abbey (pearce).

Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J., 2007, The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report, No. 569 (Report - Assessment). SDV339712.

Galsham. "remains of mansion" marked on os 6" 1906 & 1964 maps. Golsham farmhouse dated 1682 + 1717 but almost certainly earlier origins. Name may include British element, suggesting pre-Saxon occupation of site.

Ordnance Survey, 2015, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV357601.

Map object based on this source.

Historic England, 2015, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV358087.

Galsham Farmhouse. Farmhouse. Dated 1682 and 1717 but almost certainly with earlier origins and with later C18 addition. Plastered rubble walls, possibly incorporating some cob. Main range and inner front wing have hipped slate roofs with old crested ridge tiles, right-hand wing is gable-ended. Very large rubble axial stack with dripcourses to main range. Brick stack at right-hand side of inner wing and one at rear gable of outer wing. Plan: complex plan and development. Basically an L-shaped plan of which the inner wing running north-south is probably the earlier with features which appear to date to the mid C17. However it has a datestone of 1682 on the outside and although this could refer to a remodelling it is possible that it was built in an archaic style. In 1717 a new range was added at right angles to the north-west of the older house, built very much in the new double depth style of the period but incorporating the older part in its plan to give it a central stairhall with 2 principal rooms to the left and one room from the older range to the right. The entrance was actually into tne corner of the older wing which was taken into the new stairhall with a heated room at the front of the wing. At the outer side of this wing another was built on parallel to it probably later in the C18. It may be that the house was once larger and has been truncated as its internal features and style suggest a house of some importance. Exterior: 2 storeys. Asymmetrical L-shaped front with larger range with deep hipped roof to the left. It is 2 windows wide with replaced 12-pane sashes on each floor. Projecting from its right end is a wing with a datestone below the eaves of 1682. To the left on its 1st floor is an early C19 12-pane sash. In the angle with the main range is a lean-to C19 or early 020 porch which has an early C18 2-panel door behind which has had planks applied to the front. At the end of the wing is a replaced 12-pane sash on the 1st floor and paired early C19 12-pane sashes below. The parallel wing to its right projects slightly with a single storey outbuilding extending from the front. Rear elevation has datestone of 1717 with the initials C.V. (Charles Velly) to right of centre. 12-pane early C19 sash to right with larger contemporary 12-pane stair window to its left. Below it is a horizontal sliding late C18/early C19 18-pane sash. 2-light C19 casement to the right. 2 blocked window openings to the left. The left-hand rear elevation has a C17 3-light chamfered stone mullion window on the ground floor to the right. C19 paired 15-pane sashes above and to the left. C19 panelled door below to right of centre. Later wing extends to left-hand end projecting forward. Interior: the early C18 interior of the 1717 range is fairly complete with some high quality features. Several 2-panel doors survive, some bolection moulded. Good dog-leg staircase with square panelled newels, turned and moulded balusters and deep moulded handrail. At the bottom is a dog gate of open fretwork design with curved top which reputedly came from Hartland Abbey (q.v). On the 1st floor is a large landing and it is evident from the 2 panel doors and cyma recta moulded plaster cornice that the early C18 room arrangement is preserved. The rear left-hand 1st floor room has a wooden bolection-moulded chimneypiece and built-in cupboard with 3 fielded panelled doors. The room in front has an C18 chimneypiece with moulded surround and dentilled cornice. In the 1682 wing on the 1st floor is a doorframe and door of mid C17 type with ovolo-moulded frame and very fine quality door with panel frame of moulded stiles muntins and rails on one side, chamfered and stopped rails and stiles on the reverse. In the room behind this scratched on the window glass are the names John Shelley - dated either 1728 or 1798 and another date 1746. Roof: straight principals with collars halved on with notched lap joints, the apex halved with a form of yoke nailed on at the front and back; trenched purlins. This is a relatively unusual survival in North Devon of a dated late C17 - early C18 house which preserves numerous features of that period and may have others concealed; it also retains a very traditional appearance. Galsham is on an early site having been given by Geoffrey de Dinant to Hartland Abbey and was for many years the property of the Velly family. The C.V. probably refers to Charles Velly born 1653.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV16570Migrated Record: ONB 1904.
SDV16573Migrated Record: GOVER ET AL IN PEARCE.
SDV16574Migrated Record: 1964.
SDV16575Migrated Record: NMR CITING DOE.
SDV16576Migrated Record:
SDV16577Migrated Record:
SDV16578Migrated Record:
SDV16579Migrated Record:
SDV16580Migrated Record:
SDV24Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV339712Report - Assessment: Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J.. 2007. The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report. Exeter Archaeology Report. 06.22 (rev.1). A4 Stapled + Digital. No. 569.
SDV357601Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2015. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV358087National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2015. National Heritage List for England. Website.
SDV533Migrated Record:

Associated Monuments

MDV76Related to: Hartland Abbey (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:Nov 13 2015 11:43AM