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HER Number:MDV14124
Name:Rolle Canal Shipyard, Landcross


Site of a shipyard where canal boats, coasters and some larger ships were built betweenthe 1820s and 1870s. The first vessel, launched in 1823, was named Lord Rolle. The largest, launched in 1870, was 200 tons.


Grid Reference:SS 458 233
Map Sheet:SS42SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishLandcross
Ecclesiastical ParishLANDCROSS

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 33163
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS42SE/46/1

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • SHIPYARD (XIX - 1820 AD to 1880 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, SS42SE15 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV16564.

Griffiths, D. M., Untitled Source (Personal Comment). SDV16560.

Presumably built about 1824.

Ordnance Survey, 1887, Untitled Source (Cartographic). SDV16557.

A dock is marked on OS 25" 1887 map.

Hadfield, C., 1955, Untitled Source, 257-258 (Monograph). SDV16558.

Owned by Rolle Canal Company who built vessels there for their own use. Closed circa 1870.

Hughes, B. D., 1970, Aids to Recording (6). The Rolle Canal, 78 (Article in Serial). SDV19175.

Canal boats, barges and coasters built and repaired here, and some larger ships. Nothing remains of the site, although probably at one time a large industry.

Meade, H. M., 1977, Untitled Source (Worksheet). SDV8199.

A building still stands beside the lock to Rolle Canal.

Hughes, B. D., 1993, Notes on the Illustration of the Rolle Canal Sea Lock and Shipyard, circa 1829, 20-21 (Article in Serial). SDV8203.

Ruins of shipyard smithy still visible.

Bissett, A. J., 1993, The Ships of Sea Lock, 13-17 (Article in Serial). SDV16561.

Due to unusual location of shipyard some distance from Bideford Estuary, the ships were built up to deck height only. The vessel was then passed under Bideford Bridge and taken to the quayside at the bottom of Bridgeland Street (SS42NE/7) where the masts were put in.
Ships were built at sea lock at intermittent intervals between 1827-1870.

University of Southampton, 2018, North Devon Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey Desk-Based Assessment, No. 358 (Interpretation). SDV361978.

The National Record of the Historic Environment (NHRE) has additional background information on the types of ship built here: 3 masted schooners for the Newfoundland and Mediterranean trade. The first vessel launched (1823) was 98 tons and named Lord Rolle. The largest was 200 tons (launched June 1870).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV16557Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1887. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Unknown.
SDV16558Monograph: Hadfield, C.. 1955. Canals of South England. 257-258.
SDV16560Personal Comment: Griffiths, D. M..
SDV16561Article in Serial: Bissett, A. J.. 1993. The Ships of Sea Lock. North Devon Heritage Journal. 5. 13-17.
SDV16564Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. SS42SE15.
SDV19175Article in Serial: Hughes, B. D.. 1970. Aids to Recording (6). The Rolle Canal. Industrial Archaeology. 7. Photocopy + Digital. 78.
SDV361978Interpretation: University of Southampton. 2018. North Devon Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey Desk-Based Assessment. RCZAS. Digital. No. 358.
SDV8199Worksheet: Meade, H. M.. 1977. Worksheet.
SDV8203Article in Serial: Hughes, B. D.. 1993. Notes on the Illustration of the Rolle Canal Sea Lock and Shipyard, circa 1829. North Devon Heritage Journal. 5. Unknown. 20-21.

Associated Monuments

MDV11820Related to: Rolle Canal, Sea Locks (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:Mar 5 2019 3:26PM