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HER Number:MDV14143
Name:Ringmoor Down Medieval Settlement, Sheepstor


Ringmoor Down deserted Medieval farmstead consisting of several longhouses and associated enclosures. This site is included in the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites


Grid Reference:SX 569 664
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Deserted medieval farmstead consisting of several longhouses and associated enclosures on Ringmoor Down

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/238
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))
  • LONGHOUSE (Constructed, Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

Not present on mid 19th century Tithe Map.

Royal Air Force, 1953, 58/1110, 0038 (Aerial Photograph). SDV157241.

Linehan, C. D., 1966, Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon, 119-120 (Article in Serial). SDV307246.

Deserted farm site on Ringmoor Down, consisting of four buildings with enclosures. The remains are possibly connected with combination of farmsteads and tinner's bounds. A gully running through the site may be associated with nearby mining activities. Other details: Table 2.

Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV150434.

Settlement consists of two cross passage longhouses, the larger having a small room at the north end. Both are connected to corrals and a field system of four rectangular enclosures to the west. Approximately 50.0 meters to the southwest is another building, much smaller than the others, standing on the verge of a tinner's gurt (or channel). This has a large mass of fallen stone at the western end which may be from a collapsed chimney. This building is probably more likely to be related to the tin working remains than the medieval farmstead. Other details: 120.

Ordnance Survey, 1975, OS 75 369, 219-20 (Aerial Photograph). SDV254607.

National Monuments Record, 1978, NMR SX5666, 4/254/5/260 (Aerial Photograph). SDV254609.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1979, SX56NE121 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV254606.

Deserted medieval farmstead at 300 meters above sea level. Farmstead consists four buildings of longhouse type, the first measuring 14.0 meters by 3.3 meters internally with sub-division and drystone walling 1.2 meters thick, up to 1.1 meters high. Two other buildings are of similar construction, 3.8 meters wide and 7.2 meters and 8.2 meters long respectively. The fourth building is 1.3 meters by 2.0 meters internally. A number of plots with 1.8 meter thick and 0.6 meter high stony banks link the buildings. Fields adjoin the farmstead to west.
One building and several plots visible on 1975 aerial photograph. Also fields to west and east. Building positioned at SX57006642. Other details: Plan.

Price, D. G., 1980, The Moorland Plym, 86-88 (Article in Serial). SDV254604.

Main dwelling with outbuildings and associated field system. Possibly farming combined with periodic tinning. Signs of tin-working adjacent to deserted fields and buildings. At 37 meters south-west of here is a small cross-passage longhouse on the edge of a tinner's gurt. Other details: Figure 2b.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 144-5, Map 49, Figure 49.21 (Monograph). SDV137656.

The 'farmstead' shown to the north of Legis Lake is one of three to the east of Ringmoor Down with traces of ridge and furrow between the river and the reave.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

'Farmstead' shown on modern mapping as several adjoining buildings in an irregular enclosure with a small rectangular building to the south.

White, P., 2013, Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads, Ringmoor Down 2 (Un-published). SDV352501.

Ringmoor Down 2 a deserted Medieval farmstead.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, UPRM-8 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

(26/06/2019) Condition assessed as ?very good by volunteer recorders, although vegetation and burrowing animal damage noted; dislodging stones from the site.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs (Photograph). SDV363073.

Features photographed in June 2019.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 144-5, Map 49, Figure 49.21.
SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital.
SDV157241Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1953. 58/1110. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. 0038.
SDV254604Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1980. The Moorland Plym. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 112. 86-88.
SDV254606Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SX56NE121. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV254607Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1975. OS 75 369. Ordnance Survey Aerial Photograph. 219-20.
SDV254609Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1978. NMR SX5666. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4/254/5/260.
SDV307246Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1966. Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon. Medieval Archaeology. 10. Digital. 119-120.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #81142 ]
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV352501Un-published: White, P.. 2013. Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads. Excel Spreadsheet. Ringmoor Down 2.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UPRM-8.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV13243Related to: Legis Lake Medieval Settlement, Sheepstor (Monument)
MDV13244Related to: Legis Tor Medieval Settlement, Sheepstor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7443 - Condition survey of archaeological sites in Ringmoor Training Area
  • EDV7569 - Condition survey of Ringmoor Down training area
  • EDV8227 - Ringmoor Training Area: Monument Baseline Condition Survey

Date Last Edited:May 5 2021 10:12AM