HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV14150
Name:Merrivale Warren

Summary

Warren of at least 27 pillow mounds. Apparently permission was granted in 1830 to warren here, although Gerrard (1994) disputes this as a start date as he mentions Reverend Bray's comment in the 1830s that these were tumuli; an unlikely mis-identification if they were so recently constructed.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 555 753
Map Sheet:SX57NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX57NE29
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57NE/13
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 28688(P)
  • Old SAM Ref: 24202(P)
  • Pastscape: 439654

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • RABBIT WARREN (Early Medieval to XIX - 1066 AD to 1830 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 3175 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.

Royal Air Force, 1961, 58/4424, F42.165 (Aerial Photograph). SDV280247.

Linehan, C. D., 1966, Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon, Table 3 (Article in Serial). SDV307246.

SX 554 755. Merrivale Warren; twelve pillow mounds, 4-5 feet in height, on the bank of the Walkham river. They are of an unusual oval shape, about 30 feet long by 20 feet wide. They are marked as tumuli on the Ordnance Survey 6 inch map and several appear to have been dug into from the top, probably being mistaken for barrows.

Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV150434.

Permission to establish a warren at Merrivale was granted by the Lopes family to a man named Watts who built the Warrener's House about 1830. The warren was not in operation for more than a few years. The foundation of the house remain near the A384.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1979, SX57NE29 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV226449.

(Visited 04/12/1979) Fourteen pillow mounds within 19th century newtake and a further 13 on moorland to east. Widely scattered, five within area SX 5576, others within SX 5575. Average dimensions 8.5 metres by 4.5 metres by 0.6 metres high with ditch 1.5 metres wide, 0.3 metres deep. Two or three have been dug into or may have suffered a constructional collapse, particularly one at SX 5593 7549, which has a large longitudinal central depression. Mounds probably not Medieval. Surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD and at 1:2500.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Warren on west facing slope of Great Mis Tor. Nine pillow mounds visible. Natural barrier of River Walkham on west side of warren, man made boundaries to north, east, south and south-west.

Griffith, F. M., 1986, DAP/HO, 13 (Aerial Photograph). SDV256450.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133356, 143915 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(08/09/1994 and 16/11/1994) Merrivale warren includes at least 27 pillow mounds. It has been suggested that many of the pillow mounds within the Merrivale warren may be of medieval date because of their unusual oval shape and association with a nearby medieval settlement. Most of the pillow mounds lie within the Merrivale newtake, but some lie on open moorland just outside the intake wall.
According to the National Monuments Record, the pillow mounds forming the Merrivale warren were built around 1830. This explanation seems most unlikely because in 1832 when the area was visited by the Reverend Bray, he interpreted these mounds as tumuli in the sacred cemetery of the druids - a mistake he is unlikely to have made if the mounds had recently been erected.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 82 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Crossing, W., 1992, Crossing's Dartmoor Worker, 57, 114 (Monograph). SDV351364.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital.
SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 82.
SDV226449Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SX57NE29. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV256450Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1986. DAP/HO. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 13.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133356, 143915.
SDV280247Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1961. 58/4424. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). F42.165.
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3175.
SDV307246Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1966. Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon. Medieval Archaeology. 10. Digital. Table 3.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV351364Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1992. Crossing's Dartmoor Worker. Crossing's Dartmoor Worker. Paperback Volume. 57, 114.

Associated Monuments

MDV55274Parent of: Pillow mound (Monument)
MDV55273Parent of: Pillow mound 700 metres north-east of Merrivale Bridge (Monument)
MDV55269Parent of: Pillow mound 870 metres east-north-east of Merrivale Bridge (Monument)
MDV55271Parent of: Pillow mound 900 metres south-south-west of Little Mis Tor (Monument)
MDV55270Parent of: Pillow mound 920 metres north-east of Merrivale Bridge (Monument)
MDV55292Parent of: Pillow mound east-north-east of Merrivale Bridge (Monument)
MDV55293Parent of: Pillow mound east-north-east of Merrivale Bridge (Monument)
MDV55294Parent of: Pillow mound east-north-east of Merrivale Bridge (Monument)
MDV63863Parent of: Vermin trap in streamwork north of Merrivale Bridge (Monument)
MDV61971Parent of: Vermin trap near Blowing Mill north-east of Merrivale Bridge (Monument)
MDV20665Parent of: Warrener's House, Merrivale Warren (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 24 2019 1:00PM