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HER Number:MDV14314
Name:Bailey, Lydford Castle

Summary

Rectangular bailey north-west of stone tower, Lydford Castle. Represented by two near parallel banks and ditches running north-west to the edge of the escarpment; the south-east ends merges into the scarp of the motte. The south-west bank and ditch are more pronounced.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 509 848
Map Sheet:SX58SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishLydford
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX58SW/8/2
  • Old SAM County Ref: 392

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BAILEY (Post Roman to Late Medieval - 410 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Ralegh Radford, C. A., 1947, Lydford Castle (Pamphlet). SDV336888.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX58SW2 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV230713.

Rectangular bailey north-west of stone tower, Lydford Castle. Represented by two near parallel banks and ditches running north-west to the edge of the escarpment; the south-east ends merges into the scarp of the motte. The south-west bank and ditch are more pronounced.


Wilson, D. M. + Hurst, D. G., 1965, Interim Report, 188 (Article in Serial). SDV230880.


Saunders, A. D., 1980, Lydford Castle, 123-186 plan (Article in Serial). SDV253674.

Excavation by Saunders in four places: (1) across the mound ditch; (2) the interior of the bailey on the outer lip of the mound ditch, where evidence for a timber structure was revealed. Thought to be a tower associated with a bridge across the mound ditch. Subsequently (17th and 18th century) this was replaced by a causeway (3) across the north-east bailey rampart and ditch:- here it was demonstrated that the rampart was constructed after digging of mound ditch which was later filled in (4) across the north-west rampart. Three main periods of construction noted period 1 was identified as the bank of the Saxon burghal defences (MDV14315), period 2 representing a later addition, and period 3, a crude heightening of 13th/14th century.


Thomas, C., 1981, A Provisional List of Imported Pottery in Post-Roman Western Britain and Ireland, 9 (Article in Serial). SDV140321.

The period 2 bank contained a fragment of imported Mediterranean ware identified as African red slip ware.


Ancient Monuments, 1989, Lydford; Ringwork, Castle, Town Banks, Site of Saxon Town and Defences (Schedule Document). SDV351489.

Originally a two storey 12th century tower 15.8 metres square with walls 3 metres thick. Rebuilt in the 13th century with 2 metre thick walls and a mound built up round the ground floor of the original tower. Ground floor infilled; rectangular bailey part bounded by Saxon earthwork.


Exeter Archaeology, 2008, Archaeological Assessment of Proposed Sewage Treatment Works at Lydford, 7 (Report - Assessment). SDV351460.


Ordnance Survey, 2012, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV348725.

Map object is based on this source.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV140321Article in Serial: Thomas, C.. 1981. A Provisional List of Imported Pottery in Post-Roman Western Britain and Ireland. Institute of Cornish Studies: Special Report. 7. 9.
SDV230713Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX58SW2. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV230880Article in Serial: Wilson, D. M. + Hurst, D. G.. 1965. Interim Report. Medieval Archaeology. 9. Unknown. 188.
SDV253674Article in Serial: Saunders, A. D.. 1980. Lydford Castle. Medieval Archaeology. 24. Unknown. 123-186 plan.
SDV336888Pamphlet: Ralegh Radford, C. A.. 1947. Lydford Castle. Ministry or Works Pamphlet. Unknown.
SDV348725Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2012. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV351460Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 2008. Archaeological Assessment of Proposed Sewage Treatment Works at Lydford. Exeter Archaeology. 08.31 (6475). A4 Grip Bound. 7.
SDV351489Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1989. Lydford; Ringwork, Castle, Town Banks, Site of Saxon Town and Defences. The Schedule of Monuments.

Associated Monuments

MDV14312Part of: Lydford Castle (Monument)
MDV14315Related to: Saxon earthworks, Lydford (Monument)
MDV14316Related to: Saxon features at Lydford Castle (Monument)
MDV3190Related to: Seal found at Lydford Castle (Find Spot)
MDV14313Related to: Stone keep, Lydford Castle (Monument)
MDV3189Related to: Well, Lydford Castle (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6171 - Archaeological Assessment of Proposed Sewage Treatment Works at Lydford (Ref: 08.31)
  • EDV6180 - The Town and Castle Earthworks at Lydford
  • EDV6566 - Watching brief during reinstatement of the site compound adjacent to Lydford Castle (Ref: OA1009)
  • EDV7078 - Evaluation on land adjacent to Lydford Castle (Ref: 7486)

Date Last Edited:Sep 19 2014 12:14PM