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HER Number:MDV14428
Name:Cairnfield and associated earthworks on north-east slope of White Hill

Summary

The cairnfield on the north-east flank of White Hill is concentrated on the upper slopes with some isolated cairns on the lower east sides. There are a total of twenty two definite cairns (surveyed in 1998 and revisited in 2001) and several low amorphous mounds which may be the result of peat cutting or military activity. With few exceptions the mounds are small with diameters in the range 2.95m to 6.15m and a maximum of 0.7m high. There is no evidence to suggest the presence of cists or kerbs on any of the mounds which also appear free from any unrecorded excavations.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 535 840
Map Sheet:SX58SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishPeter Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPETER TAVY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX58SW57
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 902434
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX58SW/91
  • Old SAM Ref: 22343

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRNFIELD (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Fleming, A., 1980, The Cairnfields of North-West Dartmoor, 9-12 (Article in Serial). SDV251119.

Cairnfield at SX535841 on the North-East slopes of White Hill. There are 19 definite cairns, or 26 if all possible cairns are counted. They form a compact group with outliers to the East and West. The central group comprises cairns of c.5.0m in diameter, immediately to the North of which is an oval cairn 9.0m by 4.0m. The others range in size from 5.5 by 4.0m to cairns of 2.0m in diameter. They appear to be associated with low banks apparently representing a small, primitive field system. Five cairns may be incorporated in this system.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on Royal Air Force vertical aerial photographs.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 130959-69, 20/4/1993 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

See related cairn records.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 219, Map 43.2 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Depicted by Butler.

Probert, S. + Fletcher, M. + Newman, P., 1998, Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon: An Archaeological survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (Report - Survey). SDV350638.

(02/08/1998) The cairnfield on the NE flank of White Hill is concentrated on the upper slopes with some isolated cairns on the lower E sides. There are a total of twenty two definite cairns, tabulated below, and several low amorphous mounds which may be the result of peat cutting or military activity. With few exceptions the mounds are small with diameters in the range 2.95m to 6.15m and a maximum of 0.7m high. There is no evidence to suggest the presence of cists or kerbs on any of the mounds which also appear free from any unrecorded excavations.
The two low banks closely associated with this cairnfield, on which lie (and into which) some of the cairns have been incorporated, are of unknown origin. They measure around 2.0m wide and remain to a maximum height of 0.35m. Two further sections of bank occur 150m N of these and while not intimately associated are probably parts of the same site. There are no traces or accompanying ditches suggestive of a medieval origin.
It is tempting and not unreasonable to suggest that these features represent the initial phase in the establishment of a prehistoric field system.
NGR, DIAMETER (OVERALL), HEIGHT, COMMENTS:
SX5348884064 4.2m 0.4m
SX5350684079 4.0m 0.4m
SX5348784080 4.0m 0.6m
SX5347384081 4.25m 0.3m
SX5345884093 3.85m 0.5m
SX5345184085 4.5m 0.2m
SX5346184070 4.35m 0.3m
SX5354284097 3.5m 0.2m
SX5356784073 5.0m 0.6m
SX5354683976 3.0m 0.3m
SX5358484001 4.1m 0.45m
SX5360584023 3.15m 0.3m
SX5367784032 5.0m 0.4m
SX5364984124 6.15m 0.5m Hollow centre
SX5356984134 4.25m 0.6m Cut by track
SX5360584020 3.05m 0.25m
SX5353484040 3.5m 0.25m
SX5343184053 2.95m 0.4m
SX5351884027 5.55m 0.5m
SX5344484034 5.4m 0.7m Central hollow 0.3m
SX5343584039 5.85m 0.6m
SX5346684049 5.25m 0.5m

Probert, S., 2001, Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon. Integrated Land Management Plan Implementation: Archaeological Condition Baseline Survey Appendices 2-5 (Report - Survey). SDV357727.

(10/01/2001) These cairns lie in open moorland under coarse grass and low gorse cover.

English Heritage, 2015, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV357602.

This monument includes 13 cairns, a length of boundary bank and a lynchet situated on a south facing slope overlooking the valley of the Walla Brook. See record for full details.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 219, Map 43.2.
SDV251119Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1980. The Cairnfields of North-West Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 38. 9-12.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 130959-69, 20/4/1993.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV350638Report - Survey: Probert, S. + Fletcher, M. + Newman, P.. 1998. Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon: An Archaeological survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field/Recording In. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. [Mapped feature: #134411 ]
SDV357602National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2015. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV357727Report - Survey: Probert, S.. 2001. Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon. Integrated Land Management Plan Implementation: Archaeological Condition Baseline Survey Appendices 2-5. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. A4 Comb Bound + Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV51457Parent of: CAIRN in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV51452Parent of: Cairn on the north eastern slope of White Hill (Monument)
MDV51453Parent of: Cairn on the north eastern slope of White Hill (Monument)
MDV51454Parent of: Cairn on the north eastern slope of White Hill (Monument)
MDV51458Parent of: Cairn on the northern slope of White Hill (Monument)
MDV51459Parent of: Cairn on the northern slope of White Hill (Monument)
MDV51460Parent of: Cairn on the northern slope of White Hill (Monument)
MDV51461Parent of: Cairn on the northern slope of White Hill (Monument)
MDV51456Parent of: Eastern cairn of a pair on edge of cairnfield at White Hill (Monument)
MDV51455Parent of: Western cairn of a pair on edge of cairnfield at White Hill (Monument)
MDV51462Related to: Field system on White Hill (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7368 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy (1998)
  • EDV6663 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV6664 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV6665 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV8141 - Condition survey of the Willsworthy Training Area

Date Last Edited:Nov 22 2021 10:07AM