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HER Number:MDV14517
Name:Ring Ditches North of The Barton, North Tawton

Summary

Cropmarks of a double ring ditch with a small circular feature adjoining to the north and a smaller ring ditch to the south-west are visible on aerial photographs of 1975 onwards. They are located to the north of a complex of Roman military enclosures.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 661 007
Map Sheet:SS60SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishNorth Tawton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishNORTH TAWTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 1032513
  • National Monuments Record: 896758
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS60SE/33
  • Old SAM Ref: 10384.03

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • RING DITCH (Early Bronze Age to Roman - 2200 BC to 409 AD (Between))

Full description

National Monuments Record, SS6600, 37-38, 62-67 (Aerial Photograph). SDV237340.


Cambridge University, 1975, CUC/BTR, 19-22 (Aerial Photograph). SDV274730.

The double ring ditch circa 20 metres diameter has a small circular feature circa 10 metres adjoining to the north, and a smaller ring ditch circa 13 metres diameter 7 meters to the south-west. Other fainter features are shown to the north and south.


Silvester, R. J., 1978, Cropmark Sites at North Tawton and Alverdiscott, 249-253 (Article in Serial). SDV237330.

Cropmark site, approximately 20 metres diameter, and double ditched. Should be Bronze Age by analogy. The Roman marching camp cuts its perimeter. Other details: Plan and photo.


Grinsell, L. V., 1983, The Barrows of South and East Devon, 46 (Article in Serial). SDV337013.


Griffith, F. M., 1984, DAP/AF, 2, 3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV237333.


Griffith, F. M., 1984, Roman Military Sites in Devon: Some Recent Discoveries, 11-32 (Article in Serial). SDV35308.

Other details: plan.


Griffith, F. M., 1987, DAP/IY, 8 (Aerial Photograph). SDV234652.


Miller, A., 1995, RCHME Aerial Photograph Primary Recording Project (Interpretation). SDV237283.


Gent, T. H., 1996, Archaeological Assessment of a Proposed Golf Course at the Hams, North Tawton, 10 (Report - Assessment). SDV319191.


Exeter Archaeology, 1999, Archaeological Assessment of a Proposed Development Site at Barton Hill, North Tawton, 3 (Report - Assessment). SDV274744.


Department of Environment, 2003, Roman Forts, Marching Camps and Associated Monuments (Schedule Document). SDV343864.

The monument includes a complex of large Roman military enclosures together with a series of smaller enclosures and ring-ditches in fields around The Barton on the east bank of the River Taw. Three of the ring ditches lie to the north of The Barton, the fourth lies further south, at the north-western angle of the northernmost fort. Unusually, three of the four have double concentric ditches, the fourth has a single ditch. They are identified as prehistoric funerary features, although, in view of their proximity to the military complex and their unusual double layout, they may be Roman military works. Additional cropmarks between the northernmost fort and The Barton are identified as prehistoric enclosures and land boundaries.


Passmore, A. J., 2004, Archaeological Recording at Site of New Warehouse for Vital Dog Supplies, The Barton, North Tawton, 1 (Report - Watching Brief). SDV319972.

Double ring ditch circa 20 metres diameter cut by the Roman marching camp perimeter.


Young, A., 2005, Transcriptions from Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project (Cartographic). SDV321540.

Transcriptions of two adjoining circular ditches correspond to the grid references for both PRN167050 & PRN167052. Map object based on this source.


Young, A. & Turner, S., 2005-2006, North Devon/Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project database records, PRN167052 & PRN167050 (Interpretation). SDV358473.

PRN167050
A single ditched curvilinear enclosure is visible on aerial photos (p1). It has a diameter of roughly 18m. The enclosure has been digitally plotted as part of the National Mapping Programme.

PRN167052
A double-ditched sub-circular enclosure is visible on aerial photos (p1). Its inner ditch has a diameter of 12m, the outer ditch 18m. There are no discernible entrances. The enclosure has been digitally plotted as part of the National Mapping Programme.

Photograph reference:
1. CUC CUCAP BTR 021-2 03-JUL-1975


National Monuments Record, 2009, 1032513 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV343870.

Round barrow site, of Prehistoric or Roman date, seen as a cropmark. Other details: SS60SE42.


National Monuments Record, 2009, 896758 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV237282.

Two round barrow sites, of Prehistoric or Roman date, seen as cropmarks Other details: SS60SE30.


English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West, 119 (Report - non-specific). SDV342694.

Generally satisfactory but with significant localised problems. Principal vulnerability arable ploughing.


English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West, 112 (Report - non-specific). SDV344777.


Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Map object based on this Source.


Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2017-2018, Backlog recording of the Winkleigh National Mapping Programme Survey (Personal Comment). SDV360588.

The monument polygon for the two adjoining ring ditches was previously based on the DAP vector transcriptions. The NMP transcriptions have shown these to be inaccurate by up to 30m, so has been amended accordingly. The third ring ditch mentioned in this record located to the southwest of the two adjoining ring ditches was not identified during the NMP survey, so the original monument polygon for this feature (and its inherent inaccuracies) has not been amended.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV234652Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1987. DAP/IY. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 8.
SDV237282National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2009. 896758. National Monuments Record Index. Website.
SDV237283Interpretation: Miller, A.. 1995. RCHME Aerial Photograph Primary Recording Project. RCHME Aerial Photograph Primary Recording Project. Map (Paper).
SDV237330Article in Serial: Silvester, R. J.. 1978. Cropmark Sites at North Tawton and Alverdiscott. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. Paperback Volume. 249-253.
SDV237333Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. DAP/AF. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2, 3.
SDV237340Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. SS6600. NMR Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 37-38, 62-67.
SDV274730Aerial Photograph: Cambridge University. 1975. CUC/BTR. Cambridge University Collection of Aerial Photographs. Photograph (Paper) + Digital (Scan). 19-22.
SDV274744Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 1999. Archaeological Assessment of a Proposed Development Site at Barton Hill, North Tawton. Exeter Archaeology Report. 99.88. A4 Stapled + Digital. 3.
SDV319191Report - Assessment: Gent, T. H.. 1996. Archaeological Assessment of a Proposed Golf Course at the Hams, North Tawton. Exeter Archaeology Report. 96.09. A4 Stapled + Digital. 10.
SDV319972Report - Watching Brief: Passmore, A. J.. 2004. Archaeological Recording at Site of New Warehouse for Vital Dog Supplies, The Barton, North Tawton. Exeter Archaeology Report. 04.11. A4 Stapled + Digital. 1.
SDV321540Cartographic: Young, A.. 2005. Transcriptions from Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project. Plot of Cropmarks. Digital.
SDV337013Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1983. The Barrows of South and East Devon. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 41. Paperback Volume. 46.
SDV342694Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West. English Heritage Report. A4 Bound +Digital. 119.
SDV343864Schedule Document: Department of Environment. 2003. Roman Forts, Marching Camps and Associated Monuments. The Schedule of Monuments. A4 Stapled.
SDV343870National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2009. 1032513. National Monuments Record Index. Website.
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV344777Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2010. Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West. English Heritage Report. Digital. 112.
SDV35308Article in Serial: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. Roman Military Sites in Devon: Some Recent Discoveries. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 42. A5 Paperback. 11-32.
SDV358473Interpretation: Young, A. & Turner, S.. 2005-2006. North Devon/Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project database records. Cornwall Council Report. Digital. PRN167052 & PRN167050.
SDV360588Personal Comment: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2017-2018. Backlog recording of the Winkleigh National Mapping Programme Survey. Not Applicable.

Associated Monuments

MDV17626Related to: Probable Ring Ditch North of The Barton, North Tawton (Monument)
MDV14518Related to: Ring Ditch North-East of The Barton, North Tawton (Monument)
MDV29192Related to: Ring Ditch to south of The Barton, North Tawton (Monument)
MDV4525Related to: Roman Marching Camp north of The Barton, North Tawton I (Monument)
MDV70556Related to: Roman Marching Camp North of The Barton, North Tawton II (Monument)
MDV103778Related to: Roman Military Complex at North Tawton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7455 - Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme

Date Last Edited:Feb 26 2018 2:47PM