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HER Number:MDV14571
Name:Group of six cairns, Shaugh Prior

Summary

A group of six cairns on Shaugh Moor were excavated in 1977 by the Central Excavation Unit, Department of Environment in conjunction with the University of Sheffield and the Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 554 636
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 SE 46
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/219
  • Pastscape: 439237

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRNFIELD (Early Bronze Age to Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1300 BC (Between))

Full description

Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J., 1978, Department of the Environment Summary Reports, 446-7 (Article in Serial). SDV153128.

SX 553635 A group of six cairns on Shaugh Moor were excavated in 1977 by the Central Excavation Unit, Department of Environment in conjunction with the University of Sheffield and the Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology.
No 1 (D of E No 1) A ring cairn approximately 10.0 metres in diameter constructed around a natural earth fast boulder. Central to the cairn was a pit filled with burnt material from which charcoal produced a radiocarbon date of 1570 +- 70 BC (HAR - 2216).
No 2 (D of E No 2) A ring cairn approximately 12.0 metres in diameter with a central stone-capped pit which contained a pot-base and a number of faience beads. Charcoal from this pit produced a radiocarbon date of 1480 +- 90 BC (HAR - 2220). A similar stone-capped pit was recorded beneath the stone ring and produced a radiocarbon date of 1290 +- 80 BC (HAR - 2214).
No 3 (D of E No 126) Between the two ring cairns was a small turf mound approximately 4.0 metres in diameter, partially surrounded by a stone kerb. A pit was recorded at its centre that produced two radiocarbon dates 1400 +- 70 BC (HAR - 2221) and 1450 +- 90 BC (HAR - 2285).
No 4 (D of E No 70) A small oval turf mound 4.0 by 3.0 metres with a stone kerb and a pit at its centre which produced a radiocarbon date of 1480 +- 80 BC (HAR - 2219).
No 5 (D of E No 71) South-east of 70 was a large earth-fast boulder which at one time had been incorporated into a small cairn 3.4 metres in diameter. Part of the stone kerb and turf centre survived and a pit with some pottery was recorded at its centre which produced a radio-carbon date of 1480 +- 80 BC (HAR - 2213).
No 6 (D of E No 4). A stone ring approximately 80 metres in diameter with a large amount of turf in its make-up and surrounding a quantity of loose stones. Probably a robbed cairn.
In addition to the pottery and faience beads a number of flint and stone artefacts were recorded.

Wainwright, G. J. + Fleming, A. + Smith, K., 1979, The Shaugh Moor Project: First Report, 1-33 (Article in Serial). SDV138650.

Analysis of charcoal showed 98 per cent to be that of oak. Fragments of 7 faience beads were recovered - probably of English origin. The stone artifacts recovered were - 1 flint knife, 2 blades, a microlith, and an end scraper. Three sandstone whetstones were also found.

Wainwright, G. J. + Smith, K., 1979, The South Dartmoor Project 1976-1979, 132-135 fig (Article in Serial). SDV139032.

Group of six cairns excavated in advance of tipping programme. Radio-carbon dated 1600-1300 BC. Pit beneath one. Fragments of segmented faience beads of Early Bronze Age. No trace of human bone.

Smith, K., 1981, Interim Report (Report - Interim). SDV153133.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not recorded.

Quinnell, H., 2017, Dartmoor and Prehistoric to Early Medieval Tinworking, Dartmoor and Prehistoric to Early Medieval Tinworking, 21 (Article in Monograph). SDV360639.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV138650Article in Serial: Wainwright, G. J. + Fleming, A. + Smith, K.. 1979. The Shaugh Moor Project: First Report. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 45. A4 Bound. 1-33.
SDV139032Article in Serial: Wainwright, G. J. + Smith, K.. 1979. The South Dartmoor Project 1976-1979. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Unknown. 132-135 fig.
SDV153128Article in Serial: Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J.. 1978. Department of the Environment Summary Reports. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 44. Unknown. 446-7.
SDV153133Report - Interim: Smith, K.. 1981. Interim Report. Unknown.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV360639Article in Monograph: Quinnell, H.. 2017. Dartmoor and Prehistoric to Early Medieval Tinworking. The Tinworking Landscape of Dartmoor in a European Context. Paperback Volume. Dartmoor and Prehistoric to Early Medieval Tinworking, 21.

Associated Monuments

MDV14773Related to: Cairn on northern part of Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV14774Related to: Cairn on northern part of Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV14775Related to: Cairn on northern part of Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV14789Related to: Cairn on northern part of Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV14790Related to: Cairn on northern part of Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV14788Related to: Cairn on northern part of Shaugh Moor (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV7517 - BLADE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC)
  • FDV7519 - END SCRAPER (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC)
  • FDV7518 - MICROLITH (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC)
  • FDV7516 - VESSEL (Early Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 1501 BC)
  • FDV7520 - WHETSTONE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC)
  • FDV6657 - BEAD (Early Bronze Age to Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1300 BC)

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Feb 22 2021 3:52PM