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HER Number:MDV14777
Name:Stone Row, Drizzlecombe

Summary

This is the most westerly of the group of rows at Drizzlecombe (Worth's row 17); part of a cluster of Neolithic and Bronze Age ritual and settlement features including three stone alignments, at least 22 cairns, 5 enclosures and a large number of associated stone hut circles. The row is orientated approximately north-east by south-west and includes a double row of stones along its central length and a single line of stones at either end, which is thought to have been the original layout, rather than the result of robbing. The alignment measures 150m long and includes 6 recumbent and 80 upright stones, with an average height of 0.3m, although the blocking stone at the south-western end is much larger and stands up to 3.2m high. A cairn denotes the upper end of the row and two further cairns lie within close proximity.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 591 669
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56NE46
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/277
  • Old SAM County Ref: 462
  • Old SAM Ref: 24104
  • Pastscape: 438629

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 434-5 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Worth, R. H., 1940, The Dartmoor Menhirs, 194/plan (Article in Serial). SDV231163.

Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 293, plate 65 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Stone Row A of the Drizzlecombe group. An uncircled barrow at the north-east end, a fallen menhir at the south-west end. Measures 146m long, direction of length north 47 degrees 30' east. Part of row is double, part single, probably never wholly double. Row No.17.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56NE46, Stone row (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV272651.

Stone row, Drizzlecombe. A barrow at its north-east end and a menhir at the south-west end. Length of the row is 488 feet. Row is in part double, in part a single row of stones. Doubtful whether it was ever wholly double (citing Worth, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor, Part 1, p 293 and plate 65).
(30/03/1950) The row measures 49m in length, average height of stones is 0.6m. Correct as shown on the Ordnance Survey mapping.

Emmett, D. D., 1979, Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered, 111 (Article in Serial). SDV251087.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1979, SX56NE46, Stone row (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV363472.

(01/02/1979) This double stone row, the southernmost of the three at Drizzlecombe, has an overall length of 139.5 m, or 150.0 m if measured to the centre of the cairn which terminates the row at the north-east end. The row comprises ninety stones, twenty-eight in one row and sixty-two in the other (see plan) of which six stones are recumbent. The doubling commences about half-way along and runs towards the cairn which has a diameter of 6.3 m and a height of 0.6 m. Three of four stones on the circumference form part of a possible cairn circle and there is a small depression in the top of the cairn. The alignment of the row is 50 degrees east of grid north. The standing stone at the south-west end measures 1.8 m by 0.4 m and is 3.2 m high. Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD and at 1:2500 for AO Records.

Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J., 1982, The Shaugh Moor Project: Fourth Report - Environment, Context and Conclusion, 254 (Article in Serial). SDV145845.

Cocks, J. S. + Greeves, T. + Lady Sayer, 1983, A Dartmoor Century 1883-1983, 39; plate 39 (Monograph). SDV351365.

National Monuments Record, 1983, SF2134, 79 (Aerial Photograph). SDV231262.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Recorded in project.

Quinnell, N. V., 1988, Plan of the Drizzlecombe Stone Rows and associated features, Row 17 (Plan - measured). SDV232055.

Fleming, A., 1988, The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions, 97 105 figs 5 60 (Monograph). SDV229071.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133413, 12/03/1993 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

This stone alignment forms part of a cluster of Neolithic and Bronze Age ritual and settlement features including three stone alignments, at least 22 cairns, 5 enclosures and a large number of associated stone hut circles. The stone alignment is the southernmost of three examples lying in the triangle of land between Drizzle Combe and the River Plym and is situated on the lower slopes of a gentle south-west facing spur leading from Higher Hartor.
The alignment is orientated approximately north-east by south-west and includes a double row of stones along its central length and a single line of stones at either end. It is considered that this unusual mixture of single and double row within a single alignment is probably an original feature, and not the result of partial robbing. The alignment measures 150m long and includes 6 recumbent and 80 upright stones, with an average height of 0.3m, although the blocking stone at the south-western end is much larger and stands up to 3.2m high. The spacing of the stones along the row averages 1.2m and the distance between the rows along the double length averages 0.9m. A cairn (AI 133418) denotes the upper end of the row and two further cairns lie within close proximity.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 135-6 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Devon Archaeological Society, 1995, The Drizzlecombe Stone Rows (Leaflet). SDV272662.

Department of National Heritage, 1996, Scheduled Monument Consent Letter (Correspondence). SDV321022.

(10/4/1996) Consent granted for works concerning erosion repairs (dnh:10/4/1996).Smc granted for works concerning erosion repairs.

Fletcher, M. + Newman, P. + Probert, S., 1999, Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor areas in the Plym Valley, West Devon (Report - Survey). SDV346268.

(23/08/1999) The stone row and the cairn are as described on a large scale plan by Quinnell (1988). In recent years a number of portable boulders have been inserted into some of the gaps in the stone row.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, UP-DZ 19 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 05/02/2020. Overall condition good. Photo x3 taken.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, UP-DZ 19 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photo 1: View looking 060° showing animal scrape round base of menhir and grass/moss cover along stone row. Photo 2: View looking 050° showing animal scrape between stones near centre of row and grass/moss cover along row. Photo 3: View looking 240° showing animal scrape beside stone near NE end of row and grass/moss cover along row.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

Stone row depicted on the modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 135-6.
SDV145845Article in Serial: Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J.. 1982. The Shaugh Moor Project: Fourth Report - Environment, Context and Conclusion. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 48. A4 Bound. 254.
SDV229071Monograph: Fleming, A.. 1988. The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions. The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions. Hardback Volume. 97 105 figs 5 60.
SDV231163Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1940. The Dartmoor Menhirs. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 72. 194/plan.
SDV231262Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1983. SF2134. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 79.
SDV232055Plan - measured: Quinnell, N. V.. 1988. Plan of the Drizzlecombe Stone Rows and associated features. 1:250. Digital. Row 17.
SDV251087Article in Serial: Emmett, D. D.. 1979. Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 111.
SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 293, plate 65.
SDV272651Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56NE46. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. Stone row.
SDV272662Leaflet: Devon Archaeological Society. 1995. The Drizzlecombe Stone Rows. Field Guide. 11. Leaflet.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133413, 12/03/1993.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 434-5.
SDV321022Correspondence: Department of National Heritage. 1996. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter.
SDV346268Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Newman, P. + Probert, S.. 1999. Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor areas in the Plym Valley, West Devon. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A4 Comb Bound.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV351365Monograph: Cocks, J. S. + Greeves, T. + Lady Sayer. 1983. A Dartmoor Century 1883-1983. A Dartmoor Century 1883-1983. Paperback Volume. 39; plate 39.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UP-DZ 19.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UP-DZ 19.
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #81342 ]
SDV363472Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SX56NE46. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. Stone row.

Associated Monuments

MDV14779Related to: Cairn at north-east end of stone row, Drizzlecombe (Monument)
MDV3372Related to: Giant's Basin cairn, Drizzlecombe (Monument)
MDV3373Related to: Possible cist near Giant's Basin cairn (Monument)
MDV55251Related to: Small cairns near the Giant's Basin cairn, Drizzlecombe (Monument)
MDV3377Related to: Standing stone at Drizzlecombe (Monument)
MDV14778Related to: Standing stone at the end of stone row, Drizzlecombe (Monument)
MDV3376Related to: Stone row, Drizzlecombe (Monument)
MDV14776Related to: Stone Row, Drizzlecombe (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey
  • EDV4966 - Survey of Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor

Date Last Edited:Feb 13 2020 9:38AM