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HER Number:MDV14792
Name:Eastern Stone Row near Collard Tor, Shaugh Prior

Summary

Eastern of two poorly preserved stone rows, each with a cairn at the north end, on the crest of the ridge to the east of Collard Tor.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 558 619
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56SE 53
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/230
  • Old SAM County Ref: 283
  • Pastscape: 439259

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Constructed, LANEBA to Late Bronze Age - 2500 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ministry of Works, Two Cairns with Stone Rows near Collard Tor, on Wotter Common (Schedule Document). SDV343478.

Two low cairns with associated rows. The rows extend down slope and are of small stones, circa 2 feet high and 2 feet 6 inches to 3 feet apart. The rows are incomplete, but in fair condition.

Unknown, Untitled Source (Unattributed Sites and Monuments Register Entry). SDV343486.

Not recorded during Royal Commission on Historical Monuments air photo project 1985.

Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 291 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

A single row, Collard Tor. 82.5 metres long, direction of length north 3 degrees 20 seconds west. Condition of row similar to neighbouring one, disturbed and probably shortened. Cairn at northern end of row. Row no12.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950 - 1976, SX56SE 53 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV343483.

b. The stone row runs southwards from the cairn, is 275 feet long, 14 stones are standing and 15 fallen. Other details: Plans.

Emmett, D. D., 1979, Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered, 111 (Article in Serial). SDV251087.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 106-9, Map 48, Figure 48.6 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Eastern stone row at Collard Tor of 83.5 metres long but with 12 stones out of the 27 that remain either fallen or buried. The intervals are about 2.0 metres though spacing is not consistent. The row descends from a cairn of 9.0 metres diameter. A slab lying on the edge of the central pit may be the cover of a cist. For the first 30 metres of the row the slabs are flat and mostly buried but the central section incorporated in the field wall and immediately below it is better preserved, becoming fragmentary again before ending at a large flat slab of 2.1 metres by 1.8 metres. Presumably this slab was once erect set across the row as a blocking stone.

Fletcher, M. + Probert, S., 1998, Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, 3 (Report - Survey). SDV343481.

Two poorly preserved single stone rows each focused upon a disturbed cairn lie on the crest of the ridge east of Collard Tor overlooking Wotter. The rows which slightly diverge as they get further from the cairns are between 17 to 19 metres apart. These two stone rows have possibly been slighted; there are as few as eight or nine upright, in situ slabs in each row. The remainder are difficult to interpret and some may be natural earthfast boulders.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Row shown on survey.

National Monuments Record, 2009, 439259 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV343480.

Two stone rows each headed by a cairn. The rows which are oriented appoximately north-south, diverge from their northern ends and are from 17 to 19 metres apart; a field bank interrupts the course of the east row. The precise lengths of the rows are difficult to determine partly because they appear to have been slighted and partly because of the presence of clitter and earthfast stones which hamper indentification of the individual stones. The deduced lengths of these rows (excluding the cairns) are 75.4 metres and up to 97.2 metres respectively however because of the disturbed nature of each row these measurements are by no means certain. A count of the upright and clearly definable stones revealed 10 in the west row and 13 in the east row , but these figures provide a totally misleading picture of the somewhat jumbled and chaotic distribution of moorstones in each alignment. The heights of the uprights range from 0.3 metres to 0.9 metres with one very large damaged stone 1.3 metres high. Other details: SX56SE 53.

English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West, 109 (Report - non-specific). SDV342694.

Generally satisfactory but with minor localised problems. Principal vulnerability plant growth.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, SM9 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 06/06/2019 The stone row has 14 standing stones as description ending with large slab stone as shown by the Butler survey diagram. All standing stones are firmly set with no indication of movement or deterioration of the site since survey in 1998. Photo taken

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs, SM9 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 06/06/2019. Photo taken showing the best part of the stone row Looking south

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

Eastern of two 'Stone Rows' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1003829 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

This monument includes two single stone alignments and two cairns situated on a gentle south facing slope on Wotter Common overlooking the valley of the Tory Brook. Both alignments are orientated north to south, have cairns at their northern ends and terminal stones at their southern ends. The eastern stone alignment includes an 83.5 metres long, single row of at least 15 upright stones with an average height of 0.5 metres. A further 12 fallen and buried stones may have originally been part of the alignment. The spacing of the stones is irregular, but on average they are 2.0 metres apart. A cairn with an encircling kerb stands at the northern end of the stone alignment. The mound measures 9 metres in diameter and 0.3 metres high and the kerb includes 10 orthostats. A granite slab lying on the southern edge of slight hollow in the centre of the mound represents a cist cover displaced by robbing or partial early excavation.

Quinnell, N. V., 22/03/1995, Stone Rows (Personal Comment). SDV215687.

Two Wotter rows.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 106-9, Map 48, Figure 48.6.
SDV215687Personal Comment: Quinnell, N. V.. 22/03/1995. Stone Rows.
SDV251087Article in Serial: Emmett, D. D.. 1979. Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 111.
SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 291.
SDV342694Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West. English Heritage Report. A4 Bound +Digital. 109.
SDV343478Schedule Document: Ministry of Works. Two Cairns with Stone Rows near Collard Tor, on Wotter Common. The Schedule of Monuments. Foolscap.
SDV343480National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2009. 439259. National Monuments Record Index. Website.
SDV343481Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Probert, S.. 1998. Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown. 3.
SDV343483Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950 - 1976. SX56SE 53. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV343486Unattributed Sites and Monuments Register Entry: Unknown.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM9.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM9.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #81345 ]
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1003829.

Associated Monuments

MDV14793Related to: Cairn at north end of eastern stone row near Collard Tor, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2584Related to: Cairn at north end of western stone row near Collard Tor, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV130502Related to: Possible stone alignment to east of the two stone rows near Collard Tor, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2583Related to: Western Stone Row near Collard Tor, Shaugh Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4967 - Survey of Shaugh Moor

Date Last Edited:Apr 20 2021 10:25AM