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HER Number:MDV14793
Name:Cairn near Collard Tor

Summary

A cairn probably of Bronze Age date is identifiable as a roughly oval, much disturbed earthwork mound, on the south-east facing slopes of Wotter Common, south-east of Collard Tor. It is identifiable as an earthwork on aerial photographs of 1946, digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2007 and visualisations derived from low resolution lidar data captured in 2013.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 558 620
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 439259
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/230/1
  • Old SAM County Ref: 283
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX56SE 53

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (LANEBA to Late Bronze Age - 2500 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ministry of Works, Two Cairns with Stone Rows near Collard Tor, on Wotter Common (Schedule Document). SDV343478.

Two low cairns with associated stone rows. To east, 26 feet diameter, 2 feet high remains of a cist with cover stone beside it. A circle of free standing orthostats (8 erect) at margin of cairn, 2 feet 4 inches to 2 feet 9 inches high. Fair condition, has probably been disturbed in the centre, but the peristalith is good.

Unknown, Untitled Source (Unattributed Sites and Monuments Register Entry). SDV343486.

Not recorded during Royal Commission on Historical Monuments air photo project 1985.

Worth, R. H., 1903, Ninth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, 140 (Article in Serial). SDV343488.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1190, RAF/106G/UK/1190 RP 3256-3257 27-FEB-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363067.

A mound is visible as an earthwork.

Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 140 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Cairn at north end of row 12, Collard Tor. Retaining circle 7.8 metres in diameter, with five stones standing and another approximately in place.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950 - 1976, SX56SE 53 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV343483.

b. A cairn 26 feet in diameter and two feet high. It is surrounded by a stone circle 26 .5 feet in diameter, of which 5 stones are still standing. Other details: Plans.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 165 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Visited 28th July 1972. Cairn with traces of retaining circle, 8 metres in diameter and 0.6 metres high.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 48, 54, 79 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

F17. Encircled cairn. Ring of orthostats 7.4 metres diameter, around cairn 5.5 metres diameter and 0.5 metres high. Much disturbed. Aligned west of centre of stone row.

National Monuments Record, 1998, NMR 18021, NMR 18021/21 19-MAY-98 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363402.

A mound is visible as an earthwork.

Fletcher, M. + Probert, S., 1998, Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, 3 (Report - Survey). SDV343481.

Two poorly preserved single stone rows each focused upon a disturbed cairn lie on the crest of the ridge east of Collard Tor overlooking Wotter. The cairns at the upper, north, ends of the rows are circa 8 metres and 8.4 metres in diameter.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5562 03-MAY-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A mound is visible as an earthwork.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5562 31-MAY-2016 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A mound is visible as an earthwork.

National Monuments Record, 2009, 439259 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV343480.

Two stone rows each headed by a cairn lie on a gentle clitter-covered south-facing hillslope. Ordnance Survey field investigator's comments 1st October 1980. The easterly cairn at SX 55846203 measures 8.1 metres in diameter and 0.6 metres high. The centre has been excavated, but apart from a large prone slab there is nothing to suggest a former cist. The mound is surrounded by a peristalith of boulders each of which is 0.9 metres high and roughly 0.5 metres square. The row is similar to the other row and can be traced for 79.6 metrs. Some of the stones are included in a boulder and rubble field wall 1.2 metres wide and 0.4 metres high, which follows the row for 6.0 metres. Other details: SX56SE 53.

English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West, 109 (Report - non-specific). SDV342694.

Generally satisfactory but with minor localised problems. Principal vulnerability plant growth.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5562 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

A mound is identifiable as an earthwork.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, SM9 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 06/06/2019. Site description is good with the five standing stones at the cairn site. Photo taken

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, SM9 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 06/06/2019. Photo taken of the cairn at the east end of the stone row. Looking north

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A roughly oval mound circa 9m to across is identifiable as an earthwork under vegetation on aerial photographs of 1946 on the south-east facing slopes of Wotter Common.
The earthworks are more clearly visible on aerial photographs of 1998, that reveal the mound to comprise a spread circa 3m wide M-shaped bank, the south-facing arms flanking a 5m wide oval mound. Lidar derived visualisations might support the interpretation that the mound to the south survives as a higher earthwork than the bulk of the mound.
The visible earthworks are interpreted as the mutilated and robbed remains of a cairn or barrow of probable of Bronze Age date, surviving as a mound up to circa 7m across.
A second mound is visible circa 8m to the west.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 48, 54, 79.
SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 140.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 165.
SDV342694Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West. English Heritage Report. A4 Bound +Digital. 109.
SDV343478Schedule Document: Ministry of Works. Two Cairns with Stone Rows near Collard Tor, on Wotter Common. The Schedule of Monuments. Foolscap.
SDV343480National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2009. 439259. National Monuments Record Index. Website.
SDV343481Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Probert, S.. 1998. Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown. 3.
SDV343483Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950 - 1976. SX56SE 53. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV343486Unattributed Sites and Monuments Register Entry: Unknown.
SDV343488Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1903. Ninth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 35. A5 Hardback. 140.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5562 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM9.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363067Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1190. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/106G/UK/1190 RP 3256-3257 27-FEB-1946.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM9.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5562 03-MAY-2007.

Associated Monuments

MDV2584Related to: Cairn near Collard Tor (Monument)
MDV2583Related to: Stone Row near Collard Tor (Monument)
MDV14792Related to: Stone Row near Collard Tor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 19 2019 11:02AM