HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV14796
Name:Cairn with cist in middle of stone row, Merrivale

Summary

Cairn in middle of Merrival stone row B. The central cairn, at SX 5543 7477, is 3.0 metres in diameter and 0.2 metres high, with its stone content now turf covered. It has an off-centre cist, orientated north-south, of which the side slabs remain in place. The cist measures 0.7 metres by 0.4 metres and is 0.3 metres deep. Slightly beyond the perimeter of the mound six stones of a peristalith or cairn circle survive, two to a height of 0.5 metres.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 554 747
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX57SE12
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/135/1
  • Old SAM County Ref: 333
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 12/01/1996
  • Old SAM Ref: 24194
  • Pastscape: 440056

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Stephens, S. M., 1900, Untitled Source (Site Visit). SDV273150.

Circle of nine stones containing cairn with central hollow. Diam 13 feet (around 4.0 meters).

Worth, R. H., 1941, Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor, 235 (Article in Serial). SDV251083.

Other details: Figs 6-7.

Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 298 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Cairn in middle of row B of merrivale group. At a distance of 127.0 meters from the eastern end of the row, and 132.0 meters from the western end lies the centre of a retaining circle of 3.6 meter internal diameter. Within this circle is a small barrow. Other details: Plate 36.

Ordnance Survey, 1952, Untitled Source, OS 25" (Cartographic). SDV258807.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 173 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Cairn with retaining circle of 4.7 meters in diameter and 0.3 meters high. May enclose the remains of a cist.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX57SE12 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV221084.

The central cairn, at SX 5543 7477, is 3.0 metres in diameter and 0.2 metres high, with its stone content now turf covered. It has an off-centre cist, orientated north-south, of which the side slabs remain in place. The cist measures 0.7 metres by 0.4 metres and is 0.3 metres deep. Slightly beyond the perimeter of the mound six stones of a peristalith or cairn circle survive, two to a height of 0.5 metres. (See ground photograph). Stone rows and cairn surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD at 1:2500 and at 1:500 (for which see illustrations).

Worth, R. H., 1981, Dartmoor, 215-6 (Monograph). SDV231173.

National Monuments Record, 1985, Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV273149.

Not visible on National Monuments Record photograph.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 54, 79 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Encircled cairn. Ring of orthostats 3.5 meters in diameter, around cairn 2.4 meters in diameter and 0.3 meters high with possible cist. Set central to double stone row. Other details: F 20.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 26-27 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Small cairn with central cist located in the middle of the southern double stone alignment at Merrivale, excavated by the Reverand Bray in 1802 although nothing of interest was found. Seems to pre-date one half of the alignment as the dimensions of the stone rows differ around it. Butler presumes the western half is the earlier, as cairns on Dartmoor associated with stone rows were usually sited at the higher end.

Gerrard, S., 1994, Untitled Source, 133482 (Site Visit). SDV273153.

Cairn forming part of a cluster of Neolithic and Bronze Age ritual features including at least three stone alignments, a stone circle, 13 cairns and a standing stone. Cairn lies within the length of the southern of two double stone alignments. Mound measures 2.7 meters in diameter, stands up to 0.3 meters high and lies in the centre of a ring of seven upright stones forming a circle with an internal diameter of 3.6 meters. A central hollow, 0.8 meters by 0.7 meters by 0.6 meters deep may represent the site of partial excavation or robbing. Two large granite slabs visible within the base of this pit may be the remains of a cist. According to Worth this is the only example on Dartmoor of a cairn being sited along the length of a stone alignment and he further suggests that its location exactly midway along its length supports the hypothesis that the alignment is more or less complete.

Department for Culture, Media and Sport, 1995, Scheduled Monument Consent Letter (Correspondence). SDV273155.

Scheduled Monument Consent granted for works concerning repairs to sections of the leat.

Probert, S. A. J., 2000, The Merrivale Guardianship Area, Walkhampton, Devon, 5 (Report - Survey). SDV344969.

Dartmoor National Park + English Heritage, 2004, Merrivale: An Archaeological Landscape (Leaflet). SDV320201.

The southern stone row at Merrivale incorporates a circle of stones. The retaining cairn circle is set around a small burial cist about halfway along the row.

DCMS, 2004, Scheduled Monument Consent Letter (Correspondence). SDV320297.

Scheduled Monument Consent granted for works concerning a five year programme of management works including eriosion repairs.

Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, MER-14 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 2/10/2019. Cairn covered with grass with bare earth patches round some stones. Overall condition very good. Photo taken.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, MER-14 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photo looking 300° showing grass cover with bare earth patches around some stones.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 26-27.
SDV221084Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX57SE12. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 54, 79.
SDV231173Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1981. Dartmoor. Dartmoor. 215-6.
SDV251083Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1941. Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 73. 235.
SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 298.
SDV258807Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1952. 25". OS 25".
SDV273149Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1985. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph.
SDV273150Site Visit: Stephens, S. M.. 1900.
SDV273153Site Visit: Gerrard, S.. 1994. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. 133482.
SDV273155Correspondence: Department for Culture, Media and Sport. 1995. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter. Unknown.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 173.
SDV320201Leaflet: Dartmoor National Park + English Heritage. 2004. Merrivale: An Archaeological Landscape. A5 Stapled.
SDV320297Correspondence: DCMS. 2004. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter.
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #81349 ]
SDV344969Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J.. 2000. The Merrivale Guardianship Area, Walkhampton, Devon. English Heritage. 1247982. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. 5.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. MER-14.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. MER-14.

Associated Monuments

MDV14795Part of: Merrivale Stone Row B, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV5000Related to: Cairn associated with stone row, Merrivale (Monument)
MDV103582Related to: Cairn west of the Merrivale double stone rows (Monument)
MDV103583Related to: Cairn west of the Merrivale double stone rows (Monument)
MDV3738Related to: Cist and Cairn south of Stone Alignment, Merrivale (Monument)
MDV80530Related to: Merrivale Leat (Monument)
MDV14797Related to: Merrivale Stone Row A, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV29078Related to: Possible cairn associated with stone row, Merrivale (Monument)
MDV3757Related to: Probable ring cairn, Merrivale (Monument)
MDV5001Related to: Short stone row, Merrivale (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4830 - Survey of guardianship area, Merrivale

Date Last Edited:Oct 18 2019 2:03PM