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HER Number:MDV15061
Name:Cholwich Town Reave South

Summary

Cholwich Town Reave South has been recorded by field and aerial survey as an earthwork bank approximately 1100m long, closely following the contours of the south-west facing slopes of Penn Moor.
The bank is clearly identifiable on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 596 629
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/225
  • Old SAM Ref: 10754
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • REAVE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

AM, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV153102.

Cholwich town reave south. Runs from sx59396337 to sx59946252. Length 1100m. Vis=-/4/1972 (fleming et al). The reave runs from cholwich town main enclosure (sx56se/25), to join rook reave (sx56se/223) below penn beacon settlement (sx56se/6). A detailed description of the course of the reave is given by the authors, and they suggest that it post-dates thee enclosure. Bog deposits would appear to have developed subsequent to the construction of the reave, but one apparently original entrance gap is visible in a drier patch. Near the rook reave the alignment is determined by an enclosure (sx56se/4), which would appear to suggest that this was visible to the builders of the reave as they worked up from rook reave, and they allowed for some space to be left around the enclosure. The junction with rook reave does not allow for any conclusions to be drawn about sequence of construction (cholwich town reave north is sx56se/224). Vis=visible and recorded (rchm app 1985). Vis=est=-/-/1990 (ancient monuments) 1.15km length of cholwich town reave. Bank 3m wide, 0.7m high. Thought to postdate rook reave (am).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV153103.

Fleming, a. + collis, j. /pdas/31(1973)8,9 figs 1,3 pl 2,3/a late prehistoric reave system near cholwich town dartmoor.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV153104.

Fleming, a. /pps/44(1978)97-123/the prehistoric landscape of dartmoor.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV153105.

Osa=sx56se94.

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV153106.

Aph=raf/cpe/uk/1890 2292-93/(-/12/1946).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV153107.

Osa=sx56se82.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV153108.

Rchm/monuments threatened or destroyed 1956-1962/(1963)14.

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV153109.

Aph=nmr sx5962/1(8/4/1976).

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2292-2293 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

A curvilinear bank is identifiable as an earthwork.

Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5962 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

A curvilinear bank is identifiable as an earthwork.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5962 01-JUN-2002 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A curvilinear bank is identifiable as an earthwork.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5962 03-MAY-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A curvilinear bank is identifiable as an earthwork.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A bank known as Cholwich Town Reave South is identifiable on aerial photographs of 1989, digital images derived aerial photographs of 2002 and 2007 and visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017, as an earthwork 3 to 5m wide closely following the 370m contour along the south-west facing slopes of Penn Moor for circa 1090m.
The bank is somewhat fragmentary in appearance, breached in several places by streams and probably modern damage.
The southern end of the bank abuts the roughly north to south aligned boundary known as Rook Reave (MDV2566) at circa SX59966250. The northern end abuts the Cholwich Town hut circle enclosure recorded as MDV2435, that falls outside the survey area.
The boundary continues to the north-west of MDV2435 as Cholwich Town Reave North (MDV15060).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV153102Report - Survey: AM.
SDV153103Migrated Record:
SDV153104Migrated Record:
SDV153105Migrated Record:
SDV153106Aerial Photograph:
SDV153107Migrated Record:
SDV153108Migrated Record:
SDV153109Aerial Photograph:
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2292-2293 10-DEC-1946.
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX5962 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017. [Mapped feature: #122923 ]
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5962 01-JUN-2002.

Associated Monuments

MDV15060Related to: Cholwich Town Reave North (Monument)
MDV2435Related to: Enclosure on Cholwich Town contour reave (Monument)
MDV2401Related to: Enclosure south-west of Penn Beacon (Monument)
MDV2566Related to: Rook Reave (Monument)
MDV48897Related to: Stone alignment 535 meters south-west of Shell Top (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Nov 18 2019 12:28PM