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HER Number:MDV1507
Name:The Culm Valley Light Railway

Summary

The Culm Valley Light Railway was opened in 1876, closed to passenger service in 1963 but subsequently used for milk transport. The line follows the river and can still be traced from Tiverton to its terminus at Hemyock. Earthwork remains survive and are visible in parts on aerial photographs taken from the 1940s onwards and on images derived from LiDAR data captured in 2005.

Location

Grid Reference:ST 054 119
Map Sheet:ST01SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishHalberton
Civil ParishUffculme
Civil ParishWilland
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishHALBERTON
Ecclesiastical ParishUFFCULME
Ecclesiastical ParishWILLAND

Protected Status

  • Local List: Route and Remains of Former Culm Valley Railway
  • SHINE: Earthworks and ruins of World War II Military site in former parkland and Mill pond and weir/ mill leat to C18th Coldharbour Mill and section of Culm Valley Light Railway
  • SHINE: Earthworks and ruins of World War II Military site in former parkland and Mill pond and weir/ mill leat to C18th Coldharbour Mill and section of Culm Valley Light Railway

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 188177
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: ST01SE/5
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • RAILWAY (XIX to XX - 1876 AD to 1975 AD (Between))

Full description

National Monuments Record, Untitled Source, ST01SE12 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV1181.

Closed in 1975 (NMR).


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'G.W.R. Culm Valley Branch' is marked.
Map object based on this source.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'G.W.R. Culm Valley Branch' is marked. Map object also based on this source.


Minchinton, W. E., 1973, Industrial Archaeology in Devon, 8 (Monograph). SDV7016.

The Culm Valley Light Railway ST05001168 to ST100013. Opened in 1876, the line was closed to passenger service in 1963 but is still used for milk transport. The line follows the river and can still be traced from Tiverton to its terminus at Hemyock.


Thomas, D. St. J., 1981, A Regional History of Railways of Great Britain, 47 (Monograph). SDV168.

The Culm Valley Railway opened 29/5/1876. Passenger trains were withdrawn 9/9/1963 but milk traffic from the creamery at the terminus continued until October 1975.


Gollop, J., 1988, The Culm Valley Light Railway, 84-88 (Article in Monograph). SDV337810.


Hollinrake, C. + Hollinrake, N., 2000, An Archaeological and Historical Desk Top Survey of Proposed Development Land at Willand, 16 (Report - Assessment). SDV50299.


Environment Agency, 2005-2012, LiDAR DTM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR ST0612 Environment Agency DTM 19-DEC-2005 (Cartographic). SDV357033.

A curvilinear earthwork bank is visible at ST0795112986.


Next Perspectives, 2006, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photograph, Next Perspectives PGA Imagery ST0712 03-JUN-2006 (Aerial Photograph). SDV351300.

A dark curvilinear cropmark is visible at ST0781512938.


Ordnance Survey, 2014, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV355681.

Map object based on this source.


Mid Devon District Council, 2014, Mid Devon Local List Register of Heritage Assets - East, Route and Remains of Former Culm Valley Light Railway, Willand, Uffculme, Culmstock, Hemyock (Local List - Register of Heritage Assets). SDV356891.

Route and Remains of Former Culm Valley Light Railway, Willand, Uffculme, Culmstock, Hemyock.
Description: The railway played a significant part in the recent social history of the local area, and is the subject of numerous books/websites. It was built by private local enterprise in the 1870s and was closed to passengers in 1963 but remaining running to Hemyock milk factory until 1975.

Grid Reference: 304647/111285
Source: Blackdown Hills AONB Partnership


Mid Devon District Council, 2014, Register of Heritage Assets, Route and Remains of Former Culm Valley Railway (Local List - Register of Heritage Assets). SDV356889.

Route and Remains of Former Culm Valley Railway.
Importance: Remains of the route the railway followed.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

The route of the railway is visible as a curvilinear earthwork bank or ditch on aerial photographs taken during the 1940s and as partial earthworks or cropmarks on later aerial photographs and on images derived from lidar data captured in 2005. Substantial earthworks appear to have survived in 2005 for a length of circa 140 metres at approximately ST0795112986. The railway is depicted on historic mapping so the remains have not been transcribed.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV1181National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. National Monuments Record. ST01SE12.
SDV168Monograph: Thomas, D. St. J.. 1981. A Regional History of Railways of Great Britain. A Regional History of Railways of Great Britain. 1. Unknown. 47.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337810Article in Monograph: Gollop, J.. 1988. The Culm Valley Light Railway. Uffculme: A Culm Valley Parish. A5 Paperback. 84-88.
SDV351300Aerial Photograph: Next Perspectives. 2006. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photograph. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives PGA Imagery ST0712 03-JUN-2006.
SDV355681Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2014. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV356889Local List - Register of Heritage Assets: Mid Devon District Council. 2014. Register of Heritage Assets. Mid Devon District Council. Digital. Route and Remains of Former Culm Valley Railway.
SDV356891Local List - Register of Heritage Assets: Mid Devon District Council. 2014. Mid Devon Local List Register of Heritage Assets - East. Mid Devon District Council. Digital. Route and Remains of Former Culm Valley Light Railway, Willand, Uffculme, Culmstock, Hemyock.
SDV357033Cartographic: Environment Agency. 2005-2012. LiDAR DTM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR ST0612 Environment Agency DTM 19-DEC-2005.
SDV50299Report - Assessment: Hollinrake, C. + Hollinrake, N.. 2000. An Archaeological and Historical Desk Top Survey of Proposed Development Land at Willand. Hollinrake Report. 215. Unknown. 16.
SDV7016Monograph: Minchinton, W. E.. 1973. Industrial Archaeology in Devon. Industrial Archaeology in Devon. Paperback Volume. 8.

Associated Monuments

MDV70244Parent of: Culmstock Station (Monument)
MDV48513Parent of: Hemyock Station (Monument)
MDV59083Parent of: Whitehall Station (Monument)
MDV48514Related to: Culm Valley Dairy (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)
  • EDV4193 - Four Ways Cross, Willand
  • EDV4704 - Archaeological Excavation at Four Cross Ways, Willand, Devon

Date Last Edited:Sep 8 2017 10:53AM